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3 4 support children and young peoples

For every activity you plan, you should think about the hazards, the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the control measures. If you see a hazard as part of your day to day work deal with it straight away, it can be as simple as mopping up spilt water or moving toys of the floor.

Risk assessment forms are used to assess hazards and identify control measures for all activities and outings, in our setting we also have risk assessments for the use of mobile phones and the internet. A good risk assessment is only valid at the time it is carried out. Although the setting, outing or activity may be one you have used many times, one very important factor will change- The children taking part.

Effective risk assessments must take account of each child taking part and the number of children. Once you have started the activity that you have risk assessed it is important that you monitor the risks you identified and if anything changes you should review and change the risk assessment immediately Any activity a child does involves some risk.

Support Children and Young People’s Health and Safety Essay

If the activity is well planned and organised with thought given to possible risks the likelihood of an accident or injury should be minimal. The secret is to balance the risks of an activity against the benefit to and safety of the child. Avoiding all risks and challenges would result in a very timid adult lacking in many everyday skills and abilities. It would be very easy to respond to all the risks to which children are exposed by not allowing them to explore or experiment.

Children need some freedom in order to develop their skills. Understanding the stage of development a child is at and their individual needs can help you to provide the right amount of risk in activities. Children learn by trying out new experiences and making choices. But they do not have the skills and judgement to make safe choices.

Careers have the responsibility to identify potential hazards in any situation and to judge when it is safe to allow a child to undertake an activity or make a choice. Some children need this freedom to explore risk more than others.

In a well-controlled setting the child can be encouraged to explore and try out new skills.

How to cite this page

Children are usually very good at deciding what is safe or not. Using large play equipment is a good example of how children assess and manage risk. If a child in your care has an accident it is your main responsibility to know what to do in an emergency and to carry out the required actions calmly and confidently so that you meet one of the prime aims of first aid, which is to preserve life and to prevent the effects of the injury becoming worse than necessary.

The correct actions after an accident can save life, ie. People have died unnecessarily as a result of a blocked airway that needed little skill to open.