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A biography and life work of louis napoleon president and emperor of france

Emperor of France Born: August 15, 1769 at Ajaccio, Corsica, France Died: May 5, 1821 at St. Helena, United Kingdom Best known for: A brilliant military commander, conquered much of Europe Nickname: Where did Napoleon grow up?

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in the city of Ajaccio on the island of Corsica.

Claim to the throne

His father was Carlo Buonaparte, an important attorney who represented Corsica at the court of the French King. He had four brothers and three sisters including an older brother named Joseph. Early Life Coming from a fairly wealthy family, Napoleon was able to attend school and get a good education. He went to a military academy in France and trained to become an officer in the army. When his father died in 1785, Napoleon returned to Corsica to help handle the family's affairs.

While in Corsica, Napoleon became involved with a local revolutionary named Pasquale Paoli. For a while he helped Paoli in fighting against the French occupation of Corsica.

However, he later changed sides and returned to France. The people revolted against the King of France and took control of the country.

  1. His focus on the arts and design and architecture are his enduring legacy to France and her people.
  2. He was supported by the newly founded Party of Order, which consisted of adherents of the Bourbons, Louis-Philippe, and Catholics.
  3. Dec 05, 2015 Scott Jeffe rated it really liked it Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was the son of the great Napoleon's brother Joseph and his wife Hortense - who herself was the daughter of the great Napoleon's first wife Josephine. A well researched book, this covers his entire life from his childhood growing up with all the Bonaparte in France and in exile.
  4. He was supported by the newly founded Party of Order, which consisted of adherents of the Bourbons, Louis-Philippe, and Catholics. Eventually, she found a new home in Switzerland, where, in 1817, she bought the castle of Arenenberg.
  5. Unfortunately, Louis was a far better conspirator than leader and while things were easy his "second empire" was a success. However, he later changed sides and returned to France.

The royal family and many aristocrats were killed. Upon Napoleon's return, he allied himself with a radical group of the revolutionaries called the Jacobins.

  • He took office, determined to free himself from dependence on the Party of Order, which had also won the parliamentary elections of May 1849;
  • Some of his supporters, however, organized a small Bonapartist party and nominated him as their candidate for the Constituent Assembly.

He received a position as the artillery commander at the Siege of Toulon in 1793. The city of Toulon was occupied by British troops and the British navy had control over the port. Napoleon came up with a strategy that helped to defeat the British and force them out of the port.

His military leadership in the battle was recognized by the leaders of France and, at the young age of 24, he was promoted to the position of brigadier general.

When he arrived in Italy, he found the army to be poorly organized and losing to the Austrians. Napoleon, however, was an ambitious man and a brilliant general.

He used superior organization in order to move troops rapidly around the battlefield so they would always outnumber the enemy. He soon drove the Austrians out of Italy and became a national hero. The political climate in France was changing. The current government, called the Directory, was losing power. Together with his allies, including his brother Lucien, Napoleon formed a new government called the Consulate. Initially, there were to be three consuls at the head of the government, but Napoleon gave himself the title of First Consul.

His powers as First Consul essentially made him dictator of France. Ruling France As the dictator of France, Napoleon was able to institute a number of government reforms. One of these reforms was the famous Napoleonic Code.

This code said that government positions would not be appointed based on a person's birth or religion, but on their qualifications and ability. This was a big change in the French government. Before the Napoleonic Code, high positions were given to aristocrats by the king in return for favors.

This often led to incompetent people in important positions.

  1. If anyone could justify having a Napoleon Complex, it is this guy. He died after undergoing an operation for the removal of bladder stones.
  2. To be better prepared for his task, he completed his military training and pursued his studies of economic and social problems.
  3. The new Cabinet informed Great Britain and Prussia that France was ready to disarm, but Bismarck refused to cooperate. Domestic policy as emperor Napoleon III intended to be always ahead of public opinion so as to be able to understand the requirements of his time and to create laws and institutions accordingly.

Napoleon also helped to improve the French economy by building new roads and encouraging business. He reestablished the Catholic Church as the official state religion, but at the same time allowed for freedom of religion to those who weren't Catholic. Napoleon also set up non-religious schools, so anyone could get an education. Napoleon's power and control continued to grow with his reforms.

Napoleon III: A Life

In 1804, he was crowned the first Emperor France. At the coronation, he did not allow the Pope to place the crown on his head, but instead crowned himself.

  • On October 31, he succeeded for the first time in appointing a Cabinet consisting of men depending more on him than on the National Assembly;
  • In the Middle East the Emperor hoped that a better treatment of the Algerians would have a favourable influence on the Arabs from Tunisia to the Euphrates;
  • What he is passionate about covering are the kinds of debates that loom large in the mind of a Napoleon III biographer and less so in ours;
  • He thus wanted to make his name known, propagate his ideas, and recruit adherents.

After losing a naval battle against Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, Napoleon decided to attack Austria. He soundly defeated the Austrian and Russian armies at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805. Over the next several years, Napoleon expanded the French Empire. At its greatest extent in 1811, France controlled much of Europe from Spain to the borders of Russia not including Britain. Invasion of Russia In 1812, Napoleon made his first major mistake. He decided to invade Russia. Napoleon marched a huge army to Russia.

Many of them starved to death along the way. However, he found the city deserted. Soon, the city was on fire and many of the supplies were burned. As winter approached, Napoleon's army ran out of supplies. He had to return to France. By the time he returned to France, most of what was left of his army had died from the weather or starved to death.

Despite winning a few victories, Napoleon had too small an army and soon was forced into exile on the island of Elba in 1814. Return and Waterloo Napoleon escaped from Elba in 1815.

Napoleon III

The army quickly backed him and he took over control of Paris for a period called the Hundred Days. The rest of Europe, however, would not stand for a return of Napoleon. They gathered their armies and met him at Waterloo. Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815 and was once again forced into exile. This time on the island of Saint Helena. Napoleon in Exile on St. It is likely that he died from stomach cancer.

His remains were moved to France in 1840 to Les Invalides in Paris. Interesting Facts about Napoleon Napoleon is famous for being fairly short, probably 5 feet 6 inches tall.

  • Somewhat like its subject, it manages to be interesting and important without being brilliant;
  • A well researched book, this covers his entire life from his childhood growing up with all the Bonaparte in France and in exile;
  • By the time he returned to France, most of what was left of his army had died from the weather or starved to death.

However, he would have been average height during the time period that he lived. Today, when someone seems to be overcompensating for being short they are said to have a "Napoleon complex. He changed the name to be more French when he moved to mainland France. He married his first wife, Josephine, in 1796.

She became the first Empress of France, but he divorced her in 1810 and married Marie-Louise of Austria. The famous composer Beethoven was going to dedicate his 3rd Symphony to Napoleon, but changed his mind after Napoleon crowned himself emperor.

He wrote a romance novel called Clisson et Eugenie. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page.

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