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A biography and life work of ludwig van beethoven a german composer

Vienna, Austria German composer German composer Ludwig van Beethoven is considered one of the most important figures in the history of music. He continued to compose even while losing his hearing and created some of his greatest works after becoming totally deaf.

Ludwig van Beethoven Biography

He was the eldest of three children of Johann and Maria Magdalena van Beethoven. His father, a musician who liked to drink, taught him to play piano and violin. Young Ludwig was often pulled out of bed in the middle of the night and ordered to perform for his father's drinking companions, suffering beatings if he protested.

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At the age of twelve Beethoven was a promising keyboard player and a talented pupil in composition of the court organist Christian Gottlob Neefe 1748—1798. He even filled in as church organist when Neefe was out of town. In 1783 Beethoven's first published work, a set of keyboard pieces, appeared, and in the 1780s he produced portions of a number of later works. In 1787 he traveled to Vienna, Austria, apparently to seek out Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756—1791 as a teacher.

  • At a fancy dress ball given in 1790, the ballet music, according to the Almanach de Gotha a journal chronicling the social activities of the aristocracy , had been composed by the count, but it was generally known that Beethoven had written it for him;
  • She cited her "duty" and the fact that she would have lost the custodianship of her aristocratic children had she remarried to a commoner;
  • While Beethoven was successful at having his nephew removed from her custody in February 1816, the case was not fully resolved until 1820, and he was frequently preoccupied by the demands of the litigation and seeing to Karl's welfare, whom he first placed in a private school;
  • The work of the middle period established Beethoven as a master.

He was forced to return to Bonn to care for his ailing mother, who died several months later. His father died in 1792. Beethoven was not totally satisfied with Haydn's teaching, though, and he turned to musicians of lesser talent for extra instruction.

Beethoven rapidly proceeded to make his mark as a brilliant keyboard performer and as a gifted young composer with a number of works to his credit.

In 1795 his first mature published works appeared, and his career was officially launched. Beethoven lived in Vienna from 1792 to his death in 1827, unmarried, among a circle of friends, independent of any kind of official position or private service. He rarely traveled, apart from summers in the countryside. In 1796 he made a trip to northern Germany, where his schedule included a visit to the court of King Frederick William of Prussia, an amateur cellist.

Later Beethoven made several trips to Budapest, Hungary. In 1808 Beethoven received an invitation to become music director at Kassel, Germany. This alarmed several of his wealthy Viennese friends, who formed a group of backers and agreed to guarantee Beethoven an annual salary of 1,400 florins to keep him in Vienna.

He thus became one of the first musicians in history to be able to live independently on his music salary.

  • Beethoven reportedly told a visitor who was confused by some of his later pieces, "They are not for you but for a later age;
  • To persuade him to stay in Vienna, the Archduke Rudolph, Prince Kinsky and Prince Lobkowitz, after receiving representations from the composer's friends, pledged to pay Beethoven a pension of 4000 florins a year;
  • The teenage Beethoven was almost certainly influenced by these changes;
  • In addition to being a financial failure, this version of Fidelio was also a critical failure, and Beethoven began revising it;
  • The last musical wish of Schubert was to hear the Op.

Personal and professional problems Although publishers sought out Beethoven and he was an able manager of his own business affairs, he was at the mercy of the crooked publishing practices of his time. Publishers paid a fee to composers for rights to their works, but there was no system of copyrights the exclusive right to sell and copy a published work or royalties profits based on public performances of the material at the time.

As each new work appeared, Beethoven sold it to one or more of the best and most reliable publishers. But this initial payment was all he would receive, and both he and his publisher had to contend with rival publishers who brought out editions of their own. As a result Beethoven saw his works published in many different versions that were unauthorized, unchecked, and often inaccurate. Several times during his life in Vienna Beethoven started plans for a complete, authorized edition of his works, but these plans were never realized.

Beethoven's two main personal problems, especially in later life, were his deafness and his relationship with his nephew, Karl.

Beethoven began to lose his hearing during his early years in Vienna, and the condition Ludwig van Beethoven. So severe was the problem that as early as 1802 he actually considered suicide. In 1815 he gave up hope of performing publicly as a pianist.

After 1818 he was no longer able to carry on conversations with visitors, who were forced to communicate with him in writing.

Ludwig van Beethoven

The second problem arose when he became Karl's guardian upon the death of his brother in 1815. Karl proved to be unstable and a continuing source of worry to an already troubled man. Beethoven's deafness and his temper contributed to his reputation as an unpleasant personality.

But reliable accounts and a careful reading of Beethoven's letters reveal him to be a powerful and self-conscious man, totally involved in his creative work but alert to its practical side as well, and one who is sometimes willing to change to meet current demands. For example, he wrote some works on commission, such as his cantata a narrative poem set to music for the Congress of Vienna, 1814.

  • Musicologists identified a theme similar to those of his third symphony in a set of variations written in 1791;
  • During this time, Beethoven fell in love with the younger daughter Josephine who has therefore been identified as one of the more likely candidates for the addressee of his letter to the "Immortal Beloved" in 1812;
  • These works were dedicated to his patron Prince Lichnowsky, and were a financial success; Beethoven's profits were nearly sufficient to cover his living expenses for a year;
  • It is certain that he was at Teplitz when he wrote a love letter to his "Immortal Beloved;
  • Johann and Therese married on November 9, 1812.

Examining Beethoven Beethoven's deafness affected his social life, and it must have changed his personality deeply. In any event, his development as an artist would probably have caused a crisis in his relationship to the musical and social life of the time sooner or later. In his early years he wrote as a pianist-composer for an immediate and receptive public; in his last years he wrote for himself.

Common in Beethoven biographies is the focus on Beethoven's awareness of current events and ideas, especially his attachment to the ideals of the French Revolution 1789—99; the revolt of the French middle class to end absolute power by French kings and his faith in the brotherhood of men, as expressed in his lifelong goal of composing a version of "Ode to Joy," by Friedrich Schiller 1759—1805realized at last in the Ninth Symphony.

Also frequently mentioned is his genuine love of nature and outdoor life. No one had ever heard anything like Beethoven's last works; they were too advanced for audiences and even professional musicians for some time after his death in 1827. Beethoven was aware of this. It seems, however, he expected later audiences to have a greater understanding of and appreciation for them. Beethoven reportedly told a visitor who was confused by some of his later pieces, "They are not for you but for a later age.

The Composer As Hero. Edited by Carey Lovelace. Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer. Kayleigh Mar 30, 2015 6: I mean the information is great, but I would consider making an article just about his career. How was his life as a composer?

What effects did his career have on his life? Questions like that should be answered.

I appreciate your knowledge of Beethoven, but I believe and article like that that should be included. Otto Hokamp Dec 16, 2015 5: The person who spent the time to research Beethoven's history shoed be commented.

There are many people who do not have resources to track down articles on the subject. My father who was a German avidly read all he could on Beethoven. He passed away on Beethoven's birthday in 1960. Most of Beethoven's works are in my musical library. Anyhow, it is nice that you honoredt the story. He has been in my life since I could play. People think that I'm weird just because I listen to classical music and that i'm a freak show. And I think it is nice to listen to peaceful music and doing something that is relaxing.

Beethoven has in packed in my life and I don't anyone getting in my way of that. Stand up for people that are getting bullied and fight for them because I am one of though victims, and I think people should have their own ways in life. The people that need help even if they don't want help I get my help from my friends and family. Beethoven is always going to inspire me Love him and he will Love you back. Im Nadia Alison Gidley and I want the world to have peaceful things to in joy so help somebody out a family member an friends anyone that looks hurt or crushed.

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