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A biography of frederick douglass the abolitionist

Frederick Douglass

See Article History Alternative Title: His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U. Separated as an infant from his slave mother he never knew his white fatherFrederick lived with his grandmother on a Maryland plantation until, at age eight, his owner sent him to Baltimore to live as a house servant with the family of Hugh Auld, whose wife defied state law by teaching the boy to read.

  • Abroad, Douglass helped to win many new friends for the abolition movement and to cement the bonds of humanitarian reform between the continents;
  • Ever since he first met Garrison in 1841, the white abolitionist leader had been Douglass' mentor;
  • But early in April he was jailed after his plan was discovered;
  • After the War he fought for the rights of women and African Americans alike;
  • After Reconstruction, Douglass served as assistant secretary of the Santo Domingo Commission 1871 , and in the District of Columbia he was marshal 1877—81 and recorder of deeds 1881—86;
  • Auld, however, declared that learning would make him unfit for slavery , and Frederick was forced to continue his education surreptitiously with the aid of schoolboys in the street.

Auld, however, declared that learning would make him unfit for slaveryand Frederick was forced to continue his education surreptitiously with the aid of schoolboys in the street.

Upon the death of his master, he was returned to the plantation as a field hand at 16. Later he was hired out in Baltimore as a ship caulker.

Frederick tried to escape with three others in 1833, but the plot was discovered before they could get away. Five years later, however, he fled to New York City and then to New BedfordMassachusetts, where he worked as a labourer for three years, eluding slave hunters by changing his surname to Douglass.

Douglass, FrederickFrederick Douglass, c.

  1. He also believed that the U. Ever since he first met Garrison in 1841, the white abolitionist leader had been Douglass' mentor.
  2. He subscribed to William Lloyd Garrison's weekly journal, the Liberator.
  3. During this time he was exposed to the degradations of slavery, witnessing firsthand brutal whippings and spending much time cold and hungry.
  4. Resource Bank Contents Frederick Douglass stood at the podium, trembling with nervousness.
  5. He spent his early years with his grandparents and with an aunt, seeing his mother only four or five times before her death when he was seven. Several days later Douglass gave his speech at the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society's annual convention in Nantucket-- the speech described at the top of this page.

National Park Service At a NantucketMassachusetts, antislavery convention in 1841, Douglass was invited to describe his feelings and experiences under slavery. These extemporaneous remarks were so poignant and eloquent that he was unexpectedly catapulted into a new career as agent for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society. From then on, despite heckling and mockery, insult, and violent personal attack, Douglass never flagged in his devotion to the abolitionist cause.

Library of Congress, Washington, D. To counter skeptics who doubted that such an articulate spokesman could ever have been a slave, Douglass felt impelled to write his autobiography in 1845, revised and completed in 1882 as Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.

  • Frederick Douglass would continue his active involvement to better the lives of African Americans;
  • Douglass also did not advocate the dissolution of the Union, since it would isolate slaves in the South;
  • His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U;
  • He did not countenance violence, however, and specifically counseled against the raid on Harpers Ferry , Virginia October 1859.

To avoid recapture by his former owner, whose name and location he had given in the narrative, Douglass left on a two-year speaking tour of Great Britain and Ireland. Abroad, Douglass helped to win many new friends for the abolition movement and to cement the bonds of humanitarian reform between the continents. Thus, after 1851 Douglass allied himself with the faction of the movement led by James G.

He did not countenance violence, however, and specifically counseled against the raid on Harpers FerryVirginia October 1859. National Park Service Douglass, Frederick: Abraham Lincolnadvocating that former slaves be armed for the North and that the war be made a direct confrontation against slavery.

  • Of the speech, one correspondent reported, "Flinty hearts were pierced, and cold ones melted by his eloquence;
  • Ever since he first met Garrison in 1841, the white abolitionist leader had been Douglass' mentor.

After Reconstruction, Douglass served as assistant secretary of the Santo Domingo Commission 1871and in the District of Columbia he was marshal 1877—81 and recorder of deeds 1881—86. Finally, he was appointed U.