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A description of a diagnosis and possible treatment for cancer

The main cancer treatments are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Other treatments include hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and stem cell transplants. Cancer treatments are given by cancer specialists oncologists who specialize in radiation therapy or chemotherapy and other drug therapies. Surgeons use their skill in doing surgery to remove tumours.

The type of treatment you have will depend on many factors, including: Some people will have only 1 treatment but most people will have a combination of treatments such as surgery with chemotherapy or radiation therapy or both.

  1. Treatment goals Treatment is given for different reasons. The WHO list of essential medicines was updated in 2015 to include 30 cytotoxic and adjuvant medicines anti-cancer medicines that are part of proven clinically effective treatment regimens.
  2. Some people will have only 1 treatment but most people will have a combination of treatments such as surgery with chemotherapy or radiation therapy or both.
  3. The type of treatment you have will depend on many factors, including. This list has been vetted for efficacy, safety and quality, and comparative cost-effectiveness evaluations with other alternatives in the same class of medicines were performed to generate these important treatment tools.
  4. Combined modality therapy requires close collaboration among the entire cancer care team and should be delivered in an integrated, people-centred manner.

When a combination of treatments is used, they may be given together or at different times. First line therapy is the first, most common or preferred standard treatment given for a type of cancer. It is also called primary therapy or primary treatment. Neoadjuvant treatment is given before other treatments such as surgery. It may be given if a tumour is too large to be removed by surgery.

  1. Radiation therapy and surgery are both local treatments.
  2. Treatment goals Treatment is given for different reasons. By targeting these molecules, the drugs stop the growth and spread of cancer cells and limit harm to normal cells.
  3. Shared decision-making that takes into account patient factors including individual preferences is best.
  4. Cancer country profiles Diagnosis and Treatment The main goals of cancer diagnosis and treatment programmes are to cure or considerably prolong the life of patients and to ensure the best possible quality of life for cancer survivors. Combined modality therapy requires close collaboration among the entire cancer care team and should be delivered in an integrated, people-centred manner.

It may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy or hormone therapy. Adjuvant treatment is given to destroy cancer cells left behind after surgery and reduce the risk that the cancer will come back recur.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment goals Treatment is given for different reasons. Sometimes, the goal of treatment can change over time. Prevention prophylaxis Treatment is given to prevent the growth of cancer cells or to remove precancerous tissue that could turn into cancer. Cure Treatment is given to cure the cancer. Control Treatment is given to control the cancer and stop it from growing and spreading. It also reduces the risk of the cancer coming back.

Types of treatment Treatment can be broadly divided into the following types of therapies. Local therapy is directed at a specific part of the body and is often used when cancer is only in that area. Radiation therapy and surgery are both local treatments.

Systemic therapy travels through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. Targeted therapy uses drugs to target specific molecules such as proteins on cancer cells or inside them. By targeting these molecules, the drugs stop the growth and spread of cancer cells and limit harm to normal cells. Not everyone has side effects or experiences them in the same way.

Treatment plans

Side effects can occur during or after treatment. They may go away quickly or last for a long time. Sources of drug information Details on specific drugs change regularly. Find out more about sources of drug information and where to get details on specific drugs.