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A history of chinese communist revolution and russian revolution

That is why the assistant professor of history at California State University, author of Red at Heart — How Chinese Communists Fell in Love with the Russian Revolution ; Oxford University Presswent in search of the human links she felt were necessary to explain various similarities between the communist revolutions of the two countries. The revolutions shared similarly timed and equally ill-conceived campaigns for rapid economic growth as well as destructive widespread purges.

McGuire spent more than a year with little-seen material covering Chinese students in Moscow, each of whom had a file. Here she discovered connections between the revolutions at a more personal level, in the experiences of Chinese who lived and studied in Russia from the s.

But when I was sitting there in the archive, what was most striking and that leapt out of pages and pages of basically ideological claptrap were these deeply human, raw documents talking about love and revolution.

  1. Same, The Politics of Chinese Communism.
  2. Record of a Civil War. Chiang Kai-shek , , Nationalist troops, and about two million Nationalist-sympathizer refugees retreated to the island of Taiwan.
  3. These measures were accompanied by education, i. It was based on the Marxist study groups previously organized in Beijing and Shanghai.

So love is an uncontrollable element in the lives of people, and unhappiness in sex, although we can use all kinds of methods to lessen it, these are all just wilted flowers, unable to get results! When China thought of Russia at all it considered its vast neighbour backward and corrupt, an enemy that had swallowed up parts of Manchuria in the northeast and Xinjiang in the northwest.

English predominated, and travel from China was mostly to western Europe, with many future Communist Party luminaries studying in France. It had a dearth of dictionaries, it lacked much in the way of translations of Russian literature or teaching materials and only the fact that tuition was free secured it a body of students.

Chinese Communist Revolution

Along with the language, they absorbed the ideas that would make some of them communists. Eventually, a handful of Russian-language schools funnelled candidates of promising fervour to the Soviet Union for indoctrination in revolution.

But those who reached the Communist University of the Toilers of the East, in Moscow, found it similarly lacking in teaching materials and qualified staff. They also faced struggles with political jargon and acronyms for which a limited knowledge of Turgenev and Tolstoy left them ill-prepared. Anti-Soviet genesis of Cultural Revolution set stage for Chinese diplomatic revival But as the western European revolutions predicted by Marxist theory failed to appear, and as the numbers of Chinese arriving to study in Russia grew, so did Soviet enchantment with China as fertile ground for fresh communist gains, although initially most Soviet funding and support went not to the fledgling Chinese Communist Party but to the far more numerous and better armed Nationalists.

Eventually the Chinese students were given their own Chinese University, where they received clothing packages and five meals a day, and remained largely unaware of the subsistence diets and threadbare apparel of most ordinary Russians.

How Chinese communists fell in love with Russians and revolution in 1920s Moscow

In total, up to the s, 8, or more Chinese students passed through Russian revolutionary institutions, typically staying for about two years. Bigger names at the Moscow universities included two abandoned sons of Mao who spent nearly 10 years in Russia and the year-old Jiang Jingguo Chiang Ching-kuolater premier and president of Taiwan, sent to Russia by his father, Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek.

What was so fascinating to me was that they knew what had happened in Russia and yet they [went through with the Chinese Communist revolution] anyway Elizabeth McGuire More ordinary figures included Chen Bilan, whose truly revolutionary approach included cutting her hair short and ditching an arranged marriage to board a train for Russia inbecoming one of the first Chinese women to study there.

Even Feng Funeng was perpetually pestered, despite being openly paired with Jiang, and she criticised the promiscuity of her classmates. Chinese revolutionaries returned to China to take up significant Party roles on the basis of the revolutionary credentials their time in Russia had earned them. Some took their new Russian or European spouse. Many were eventually settled in a Russified Harbin, where they struggled to learn Chinese just as some of their parents had struggled to learn Russian.

Russia marks th anniversary of Bolshevik Revolution Already fluent in Russian, McGuire set about mastering Chinese to a level that would allow her to translate the letters she unearthed in the Moscow archive herself.

Her discovery of the existence of Interdom itself had been accidental, from its mention in a Russian-language memoir by a Chinese woman whohad been a former resident. The school, now badly underfunded, remains a residential orphanage for Russian children and some from former Soviet republics.

Officials at the a history of chinese communist revolution and russian revolution mentioned that a reunion was planned for the following year, so she just appeared at that and wandered round looking for Chinese faces. My name is Lisa. I was so curious and determined. So many people died in famines and purges and wars and in the civil war. It was a brutal process Elizabeth McGuire No one quite believed she was American, because what kind of American would care about that kind of story in that kind of place?

She begged for phone numbers and invitations, but, once in Beijing, she found the former Interdom students reluctant to open up. There were stories that were so sad.

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What kind of an American is this? Many Russian wives felt forced to leave China, and some Chinese husbands demanded divorce on the basis of the innate political unreliability of their imported wives. How Mao and Khrushchev fought over China-India border dispute But many of the graduates had themselves become parts of and party to the apparatus of oppression.

Did they actually deserve sympathy? It was a brutal process. One of her subjects, the Chinese poet who came to be known as Emi Siao who had a Russian wife and then a German wife, followed by a Chinese wife before remarrying the German wife travelled through the Russian countryside experiencing desperate famine, yet failed to write a word about it.

  1. In any case, it carried out an uprising in the city of Nanchang in August 1927. The Marshal, angered by the Japanese assassination of his father had supported Chiang, but he became angry at the latter's preference to fight the communists rather than the Japanese.
  2. Random House, Inc,, n. While neither side intended to observe it for long, the communists seemed more willing to abide by it than Chiang.
  3. Soong's son, Teseven T. Equally important was the fact that in the area under their control in southern Jiangxi, the communists carried out land reform.

And why did they do it anyway? What was her PhD thesis has been turned into a readable and often engaging account, with a fresh angle on familiar events and full of small surprises — such as that lower-level Interdom staff included He Zizhen and Zhang Mei, the cast-off wives of Mao and his later second-in-command, Lin Biao, respectively, both of whom worked as nannies. And that He was eventually confined to an asylum, although it remains unconfirmed whether Mao knew it or not.