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A history of john steinbeck born in salinas california

New York, New York American writer John Steinbeck, American author and winner of the Nobel Prize in 1962, was a leading writer of novels about the working class and was a major spokesman for the victims of the Great Depression a downturn in the American system of producing, distributing, and using goods and services in the 1930s, and during which time millions of people lost their jobs.

His father was a bookkeeper and accountant who served for many years as the treasurer of Monterey County, California. Steinbeck received his love of literature from his mother, who was interested in the arts.

Who Was John Steinbeck? Born in 1902 in Salinas, California

His favorite book, and a main influence on his writing, was Sir Thomas Malory's c. Steinbeck decided while in high school that he wanted to be a writer. He also enjoyed playing sports and worked during the summer on various ranches. Steinbeck worked as a laboratory assistant and farm laborer to support himself through six years of study at Stanford University, where he took only those courses that interested him without seeking a degree.

East of Eden: A Pilgrimage in Pictures to John Steinbeck’s Salinas, California

In 1925 he traveled to New York by way of the Panama Canal on a freighter boat that carries inventory. After arriving in New York, he worked as a reporter and as part of a construction crew building Madison Square Garden. During this time he was also collecting impressions for his first novel.

Cup of Gold 1929 was an unsuccessful attempt at romance involving the pirate Henry Morgan. Begins writing seriously Undiscouraged, Steinbeck returned to California to begin work as a writer of serious fiction. A collection of short stories, The Pastures of Heaven 1932contained vivid descriptions of rural farm life among the "unfinished children of nature" in his native California valley.

  • The Novels of John Steinbeck;
  • The Other Side of Eden:

His second novel, To a God Unknown 1933was his strongest statement about man's relationship to the land. With Tortilla Flat 1935 Steinbeck received critical and popular success; there are many critics who consider it his most artistically satisfying work.

Steinbeck next dealt with the problems of labor unions in In Dubious Battle 1936an effective story of a strike when workers all decide to stop working as a form of protest against unfair treatment by local grape pickers.

  1. In 1942, a movie version of Tortilla Flat was made.
  2. His second novel, To a God Unknown 1933 , was his strongest statement about man's relationship to the land. Although the book is powerfully written and often moving, some critics feel that it lacks a moral vision.
  3. The novella Of Mice and Men 1937 , which also appeared in play and film versions, is a tragic story about the strange, complex bond between two migrant labourers.
  4. This was followed by Of Mice and Men 1937 , the story of the imbecile giant Lennie, and a series of admirable short stories collected in the volume The Long Valley 1938.

Of Mice and Men 1937first conceived as a play, is a tightly constructed novella short novel about an unusual friendship between two migrant workers laborers who travel to wherever there is available work, usually on farms.

Although the book is powerfully written and often moving, some critics feel that it lacks a moral vision. Steinbeck's series of articles for the San Francisco Chronicle on the problems of migrant farm laborers provided material for The Grapes of Wrath 1939his major novel and the finest working-class novel of the 1930s.

  • Steinbeck continued his extremely prolific career and in 1962, Steinbeck was awarded a Nobel Prize for his literature;
  • Later decline In the 1950s Steinbeck's artistic decline was evident with a series of novels that were overly sentimental, stuffy, and lacking in substance;
  • East of Eden, an ambitious epic about the moral relations between a California farmer and his two sons, was made into a film in 1955.

The Grapes of Wrath relates the struggle of a family of Oklahoma tenant farmers forced to turn over their land to the banks. The family then journeys across the vast plains to the promised land of California—only to a history of john steinbeck born in salinas california met with scorn when they arrive. It is a successful example of social protest in fiction, as well as a convincing tribute to man's will to survive. The Grapes of Wrath received the Pulitzer Prize in 1940. From this experience came such nonfiction as Bombs Away: This account of the two explorers' research into sea life provides an important key to many of the themes and attitudes featured in Steinbeck's novels.

Steinbeck's fiction during the 1940s includes The Moon Is Down 1942a tale of the Norwegian resistance to occupation by the Nazis German ruling party that scorned democracy and considered all non-German people, especially Jews, inferior ; Cannery Row 1944a return to the setting of Tortilla Flat; The Wayward Bus 1947 ; and The Pearl, a popular novella about a poor Mexican fisherman who discovers a valuable pearl that brings bad luck to his family.

Later decline In the 1950s Steinbeck's artistic decline was evident with a series of novels that were overly sentimental, stuffy, and lacking in substance. The author received modest critical praise in 1961 for his more ambitious novel The Winter of Our Discontent, a study of the moral disintegration falling apart of a man of high ideals.

  • His father was a bookkeeper and accountant who served for many years as the treasurer of Monterey County, California;
  • The continual failure to get published forced Steinbeck to ultimately move back home to California where he worked as a tour guide at a fish hatchery in Tahoe City;
  • The author received modest critical praise in 1961 for his more ambitious novel The Winter of Our Discontent, a study of the moral disintegration falling apart of a man of high ideals;
  • Perhaps his most critically acclaimed novel, The Grapes of Wrath, was written in 1939 and was inspired by two newspaper articles that Steinbeck had written;
  • The effort was complicated by a pair of modern structures built to bring people back to town;
  • A Steinbeck House volunteer greeted me in the room where the writer was born; the maternal bed, a finely crafted period piece, can be seen in the gift shop downstairs.

In 1962 Travels with Charley, a pleasantly humorous account of his travels through America with his pet poodle, was well received. Following the popular success of the latter work, Steinbeck was awarded the Nobel Prize.

  1. The Other Side of Eden.
  2. The effort was complicated by a pair of modern structures built to bring people back to town. His father allowed Steinbeck and his wife to live in a house owned by the family without paying rent.
  3. In 1925 he traveled to New York by way of the Panama Canal on a freighter boat that carries inventory.

Steinbeck's work remains popular in both the United States and Europe, chiefly for its social consciousness and concern and for the narrative qualities displayed in the early novels.

Although he refused to settle into political conservatism preferring to maintain traditions and resist change in his later years, his all-embracing support of American values and acceptance of all national policies, including the Vietnam War 1955—75; conflict in which the United States fought against Communist North Vietnam when they invaded Democratic South Vietnamlost him the respect of many liberal preferring social change intellectuals who had once admired his social commitments.

He died on December 20, 1968, in New York City.

ADDITIONAL MEDIA

New York; Penguin Books, 1990. The Novels of John Steinbeck: A First Critical Study. Normandie House, 1939, revised edition 1977.

John Steinbeck House (Salinas, California)

The Other Side of Eden: Life with John Steinbeck. Thank you for helping me and thank you for the information - Gabbsterzz Vabby Jul 17, 2011 3: I'm learning about Of Mice and Men, and I'm supposed to connect the plot with his life. What inspired him to write something like this?