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A report on italy a country in southern europe

  1. See Article History Alternative Titles.
  2. While the 2008 economic crisis affected almost all countries in the region and forced them to initiate austerity measures, the 2009 European sovereign debt crisis had a long-standing and severe impact on Greece, Spain, and Portugal. Nine countries are members of the European Union.
  3. Philanthropic organizations can also face more restrictive policy toward the sector; an example is the constraints associated with the creation and registration of these organizations.

Nine countries are members of the European Union: The most represented religions are Roman Catholic and Orthodox; but the common Christian values and practices have contributed to create similar philanthropic traditions across the region.

After the transition period, both individual and institutional philanthropy have been rebuilt in Eastern Europe, influencing the current philanthropic landscape.

Eastern & Southern Europe

In general, the educational attainment of the countries in the region is slightly below the OECD average 42. Except for Poland where the proportion of 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education reaches 43. Italy has the lowest level of educational attainment in the region. The proportion of 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education in Italy is only 25.

The region has faced political and economic challenges, including the 2008 economic crisis, the 2009 European sovereign debt crisis, the 2014 Ukrainian refugee crisis, and the effects of the Syrian refugee crisis. While the 2008 economic crisis affected almost all countries in the region and forced them to initiate austerity measures, the 2009 European sovereign debt crisis had a long-standing and severe impact on Greece, Spain, and Portugal.

  1. While the 2008 economic crisis affected almost all countries in the region and forced them to initiate austerity measures, the 2009 European sovereign debt crisis had a long-standing and severe impact on Greece, Spain, and Portugal. Nine countries are members of the European Union.
  2. Much of that prosperity has to do with tourism, for in good years nearly as many visitors as citizens can be found in the country.
  3. From the end of World War II to the early 1990s, Italy had a multiparty system dominated by two large parties. As consequence, the countries affected by the 2009 European sovereign debt crisis were unable to refinance their government debt or bail out over-indebted banks without receiving financial support package from third parties, including the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund De Santis, 2012.
  4. The southern Apennines are also tectonically unstable, with several active volcanoes, including Vesuvius , which from time to time belches ash and steam into the air above Naples and its island-strewn bay.

As consequence, the countries affected by the 2009 European sovereign debt crisis were unable to refinance their government debt or bail out over-indebted banks without receiving financial support package from third parties, including the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund De Santis, 2012. Recently Italy, Portugal, and Spain face a potential banking crisis due to the increasing levels of nonperforming bank loans.

This comes at a time when the European Union has made bail-out regulations stricter in terms of recapitalizing commercial banks and financial institutions in the Eurozone Micallef, n.

  • Each of those cities, and countless smaller cities and towns, has retained its differences against the leveling effect of the mass media and standardized education;
  • Italy comprises some of the most varied and scenic landscapes on Earth and is often described as a country shaped like a boot;
  • From the central Alps, running down the length of the country, radiates the tall Apennine Range , which widens near Rome to cover nearly the entire width of the Italian peninsula.

Besides the economic difficulties, the region has faced two refugee crises. In 2014, the Euromaiden Revolution and the subsequent armed conflict in some eastern and southern regions of Ukraine led to the Ukrainian refugee crisis, where millions of Ukrainians became internally displaced persons.

  • The Etruscans were supplanted in the 3rd century bce by the Romans , who soon became the chief power in the Mediterranean world and whose empire stretched from India to Scotland by the 2nd century ce;
  • Simultaneously, anti-immigrant sentiment has been increasing in several countries, especially in countries of the Visegrad group;
  • The next line represents a rapidly polarizing society as a result of the above mentioned crises;
  • Recently Italy, Portugal, and Spain face a potential banking crisis due to the increasing levels of nonperforming bank loans;
  • Italy has the lowest level of educational attainment in the region.

In 2015, millions migrants and refugees crossed into Europe from Syria, resulting in one of the largest refugee flows since World War II. As a consequence of the Syrian refugee crisis, three border countries of both the European Union and the Schengen Area—Greece, Italy, and Hungary—have been impacted by the inflow of refugees. Simultaneously, anti-immigrant sentiment has been increasing in several countries, especially in countries of the Visegrad group: The aftermath of the economic crisis, such as the increased level of unemployment, government austerities, and the current refugee crises have led to internal domestic political tensions in the countries of the region.

Political instability was reported from Bulgaria, Greece, and Ukraine, while political tension between the government and philanthropic organizations have been amplified in Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, and the Slovak Republic recently.

Which southern European country is the most populous?

The hostile political environment, the decreasing level of governmental funding for philanthropic organizations, and the increasing demand for charitable services put the philanthropic sector in a challenging situation.

Summary report Ten ecnomies representing Eastern and Southern Europe differ in a number of aspects. However, during the period under review, they have shared some significant similar experiences, too.

Consequently, philanthropic organizations today face another crisis in some countries; a crisis of legitimacy, which could become an alarming trend, especially in Eastern Europe. In this difficult period, several development themes in the region can be identified.

A Strategy for Southern Europe

Firstly, there is an increasing demand for social services basic needs and, on the other hand, the limited ability or willingness of national governments to meet these needs. The next line represents a rapidly polarizing society as a result of the above mentioned crises.

Philanthropic organizations can also face more restrictive policy toward the sector; an example is the constraints associated with the creation and registration of these organizations. On the other hand, open "hostility" from the government is yet to really be seen.

Country Profile

Although, the latest developments in Hungary may contradict this claim. Generally, every country indicates some difficulties, obstacles or dilemmas. Italy seems to be the only exemption as its particular scores never drop under 4. While, at least in the case of legislative conditions concerning the organizational formation and government interference, there are no extreme deviations between economies in the region, the fields of taxation, cross-border donations and socio-cultural conditions indicate rather significant differences and in some cases also obstacles and inconveniences for the philanthropic organizations that is particularly true in Greece and Portugal.

Italian Republic | Repubblica Italiana

Finally, fragile partnerships between the philanthropic and public sectors should be mentioned. In this context, the irreplaceable and, perhaps, most important role of philanthropic organizations and civil society can be observed. As can be seen in individual national reports, its significance lies not only in providing social services for citizens, but also in the activities supporting, in the broadest sense, the cohesion and functionality of the whole society.