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An argument that child labor still an existing practice in the world today

Would the ban be effective?

  • The Human Development Report claims that the level of income disparity between the richest and poorest 20 per cent of the world population has increased from
  • An estimated million children are living in extreme poverty, and their number is rising;
  • As a result, children are more affected by occupational accidents and illnesses than adults.

The ban can succeed. Adults often find it difficult to find jobs because factory owners find it more beneficial to employ children at cheap rates. This exploitation is particularly visible in garment factories of urban areas.

Boycotts of one producer lead others to act out of fear of negative publicity - the market takes care of the problem itself.

Debate: Countries should ban the import of goods produced by child labor

There is a political will. Some of the key provisions include: Removal of all under-age workers those below 14 within a period of 4 months, no further hiring of under-age children, etc.

If we cut off demand for child labour products, we in effect decrease the quantity of these products supplied, as it no longer pays off to produce them at least for exports.

Debate: Countries should ban the import of goods produced by child labor

Child labour is economically ineffective. According to ILO study "Investing in Every Child", we lose up to 314,1 billion dollars every year on implicit costs of harms caused by child labour.

Debate: Countries should ban the import of goods produced by child labor

However, with higher education for these children, up to 253. The global net opportunity cost of eradicating child labour 2000-2020: Child workers and adults compete directly for jobs. Is international activism the solution or the problem? Out of the 250 million children who work at the status quo, only 15 million work in export-oriented industries. Therefore, any impact on this ban will be negligible.

  • This often means adults and children resorting to underground jobs, such as prostitution;
  • Researchers found that the initiative, which involved shifting the work away from homes and into more formal stitching centres, led to income drops, reduced female work participation rates, and offered no clear benefits for children of the affected Pakistani families;
  • Indeed, the reasons why children are preferred to adult workers are often of a non-economic nature;
  • The ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour IPEC , for example, is five years old, and although operational in relatively few countries, there are already valuable experiences on which to draw.

Most of the child labourers work on their parents' farms. Placing sanctions on some companies will merely shift child labour underground: Moving children, who have to work from poverty, into unregulated and criminal areas of the economy will only worsen the situation.

Is it really likely that the WTO, a bastion of free trade, would accept the restrictions that sanctions entail?

Debate: Countries should ban the import of goods produced by child labor

Ban on exports does not make sense. In general, it is better to take economy-wide measures against child labor and, if there is to be a sector-specific ban, this should be based on the working conditions of that sector, rather than the destination of the goods. It is the demand for labour that determines how many children work; not ban on exports.

  • Social mobilization efforts have put it there, and only sustained collective efforts from all social actors can make it finally part of history;
  • There is a political will;
  • The diverse and spontaneous actions already taken to reduce child labour provide important lessons for a planned process of social mobilization;
  • Positive economic incentives are preferable to negative ones, because the latter can have unintended effects that are not always in the best interest of the child;
  • Much attention has been given by developed countries to the possibility of using negative economic incentives to discourage child labour in developing countries.

The ban on exports is ineffective. Pallage, The Economic Journal, no.