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An introduction to the dynamics of physical abuse

But in addition to these extreme forms of violence, many children are routinely exposed to physical, sexual and psychological violence in their homes and schools, in care and justice systems, in places of work and in their communities.

All of this has devastating consequences for their health and well-being now and in the future. Children throughout the world suffer from a multitude of harms- malnutrition, starvation, infectious disease, congenital defects, abandonment, economic exploitation, the violence of warfare, to name a few.

Not all harm that befalls children is child abuse. There is also an important difference between unintentional and intentional harm. There are four main categories of child abuse: One of the most common types of physical abuse in infants includes Shaken Baby Syndrome. It may include threats, constant criticism, as well as withholding love, support, or guidance.

Neglect is a very common type of child abuse, and according to Child Welfare Information Gateway, more children suffer from neglect than from physical and sexual abuse combined.

Dynamics & Definitions of Abuse

Most of the abuse occurred within the family circle. It is estimated that at least 1 million girls worldwide are lured or forced into this scandalous form of child exploitation. Child prostitution is more frequent in developing countries such as Brazil and Thailand where more than 200,000 children are exploited.

Child prostitutes are at a high risk of contracting HIV.

  1. When children are forced by their families to work, they no longer have the time to attend school. Discrimination robs people of their dignity and their ability to fulfill their capabilities.
  2. Discrimination robs people of their dignity and their ability to fulfill their capabilities.
  3. In developing countries, children often work under hazardous conditions in the manufacturing and agricultural sectors. Sexual abuse of a child includes.

Prostituted children are also at a high risk of acquiring other STDs. Child prostitution also causes serious long-term psychological harm, including anxiety, depression, and behavioral disorders. Prostituted children are at a high risk of suicide and post-traumatic stress disorder. A study conducted in the U. Prostituted children are at a high risk of enduring injuries and violence.

The children may be physically and emotionally abused into submission, while girls may be beaten to induce miscarriages.

Module 4: Child Labor and Child Abuse in Developing Countries

Child labor is characterized by full-time work at too early of an age, and too many hours spent working. The work often exerts undue physical, social, or psychological stress, hampers access to education, and may be detrimental to social and psychological development.

Most economically active children are employed in agriculture. An estimated 6 million work-related injuries occur among children annually, which results in 2. In developing countries, children often work under hazardous conditions in the manufacturing and agricultural sectors. Working children are not only at risk of physical injury, but are vulnerable to workplace toxins and chemical hazards as well.

Child workers may be exposed to high temperatures, and a high risk of accidents caused by cuts and burns if they work in the brassware and glass-bangle industry.

Children who work in matches and firebox shops may be exposed to chemical hazards and a risk of fire and explosion. Children who work in the carpet industry are exposed to repetitive movements, chemical hazards, inhalation of wool dust contaminated with biological agents, and inadequate working postures. Lastly, children who work in the shoe industry are often exposed to glue.

  1. Thus, one of his sons was then forced at the age of 8 to provide for the family and engage in full-time work. Children who work in the carpet industry are exposed to repetitive movements, chemical hazards, inhalation of wool dust contaminated with biological agents, and inadequate working postures.
  2. Child labor is characterized by full-time work at too early of an age, and too many hours spent working.
  3. Prostituted children are also at a high risk of acquiring other STDs.
  4. Discrimination robs people of their dignity and their ability to fulfill their capabilities. Not all harm that befalls children is child abuse.

When children are forced by their families to work, they no longer have the time to attend school. Though there are a significant number of children who go to school and work, the work may negatively impact their studies.

For example, one man had worked in pottery factories since childhood and was blinded as a result. Thus, one of his sons was then forced at the age of 8 to provide for the family and engage in full-time work.

If a more rapid reduction in the general incidence of child labor is a policy goal, improving educational systems and providing financial incentives to poor families to send children to school may be more useful solutions to the child labor problem than punitive measures designed to prevent children from earning income.

Child Abuse

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