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An overview of the american revolution and its effects

Revolutionary War

Visit Website Did you know? Now most famous as a traitor to the American cause, General Benedict Arnold began the Revolutionary War as one of its earliest heroes, helping lead rebel forces in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga in May This First Continental Congress did not go so far as to demand independence from Britain, but it denounced taxation without representation, as well as the maintenance of the British army in the colonies without their consent, and issued a declaration of the rights due every citizen, including life, liberty, property, assembly and trial by jury.

The Continental Congress voted to meet again in May to consider further action, but by that time violence had already broken out.

  • In October, the British finally launched an attack on Brooklyn and Manhattan;
  • The widespread support for resisting the Tea Act had more to do with principles;
  • Newspapers reprinted exploits of resistance, giving colonists a sense that they were part of a broader political community;
  • The War for Independence The war began at Lexington and Concord, more than a year before Congress declared independence;
  • State constitutions had created governments, but now men would have to figure out how to govern.

On April 19, local militiamen clashed with British soldiers in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, marking the first shots fired in the Revolutionary War.

Declaring Independence When the Second Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia, delegates—including new additions Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson—voted to form a Continental Army, with Washington as its commander in chief.

  1. A Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed on February 6, 1778. Approximately twenty thousand colonial militiamen laid siege to Boston, effectively trapping the British.
  2. You will read about the problems created by the Seven Years' War, and British efforts to suppress American smuggling, to prevent warfare with Indians, and to pay the cost of stationing troops in the colonies.
  3. Another John Trumbull piece commissioned for the Capitol in 1817, this painting depicts what would be remembered as the moment the new United States became a republic. Independence Tensions between the colonies and England eased for a time after the Boston Massacre.
  4. Boston had been deemed in open rebellion, and the king, his advisors, and Parliament acted decisively to end the rebellion.

The engagement known as the Battle of Bunker Hill ended in British victory, but lent encouragement to the revolutionary cause. The British evacuated the city in Marchwith Howe and his men retreating to Canada to prepare a major invasion of New York.

An overview of the american revolution and its effects

By Junewith the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing majority of the colonists had come to favor independence from Britain. On July 4the Continental Congress voted to adopt the Declaration of Independencedrafted by a five-man committee including Franklin and John Adams but written mainly by Jefferson.

  1. Trapped and overpowered, Cornwallis was forced to surrender his entire army on October
  2. Kids learn about the american revolution including causes, battles fought, timeline, boston massacre, stamp act, each colony had its own local government.
  3. You will also read about the emerging patterns of resistance in the colonies, including petitions, pamphlets, intimidation, boycotts, and intercolonial meetings. Giving up his role as Commander-in-Chief of the Army insured that civilian rule would define the new nation, and that a republic would be set in place rather than a dictatorship.
  4. Following their unprecedented expansion into political affairs during the imperial resistance, women also served the patriot cause during the war.
  5. The new states drafted written constitutions, which, at the time, was an important innovation from the traditionally unwritten British Constitution. However, it was one thing to declare independence; it was quite another to win it on the battlefield.

That same month, determined to crush the rebellion, the British government sent a large fleet, along with more than 34, troops to New York. Revolutionary War Turning Point British strategy in involved two main prongs of attack, aimed at separating New England where the rebellion enjoyed the most popular support from the other colonies.

Washington rebounded to strike Germantown in early October before withdrawing to winter quarters near Valley Forge. The American victory Saratoga would prove to be a turning point of the American Revolution, as it prompted France which had been secretly aiding the rebels since to enter the war openly on the American side, though it would not formally declare war on Great Britain until June The American Revolution, which had begun as a civil conflict between Britain and its colonies, had become a world war.

Lead Up to the Revolutionary War

The battle effectively ended in a draw, as the Americans held their ground, but Clinton was able to get his army and supplies safely to New York. A joint attack on the British at Newport, Rhode Islandin late July failed, and for the most part the war settled into a stalemate phase in the North.

  • The Continental Army took severe losses before retreating through New Jersey;
  • You will also learn about the series of events, including the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, and the Coercive Acts, that ruptured relations between Britain and its American colonies;
  • The Americans took advantage of the British southern strategy with significant aid from the French army and navy.

The Americans suffered a number of setbacks from toincluding the defection of General Benedict Arnold to the British and the first serious mutinies within the Continental Army. Supported by a French army commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total of around 14, soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore prevented British reinforcement or evacuation.

Trapped and overpowered, Cornwallis was forced to surrender his entire army on October Though the movement for American independence effectively triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary observers did not see that as the decisive victory yet. British forces remained stationed around Charleston, and the powerful main army still resided in New York.

5. The American Revolution

Though neither side would take decisive action over the better part of the next two years, the British removal of their troops from Charleston and Savannah in late finally pointed to the end of the conflict. British and American negotiators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3,Great Britain formally recognized the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.

At the same time, Britain signed separate peace treaties with France and Spain which had entered the conflict inbringing the American Revolution to a close after eight long years.

  • The following spring, Parliament passed four acts known collectively, by the British, as the Coercive Acts;
  • Following their unprecedented expansion into political affairs during the imperial resistance, women also served the patriot cause during the war.

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