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An overview of the characters and plot in hamlet a play by william shakespeare

  1. Hamlet experienced character development through the betrayals of Ophelia with whom he is romantically involved.
  2. Summary of the plot or story Prince Hamlet mourns both his father's death and his mother, Queen Gertrude's remarriage to Claudius.
  3. A duel is arranged between Hamlet and Laertes at which Claudius has plotted for Hamlet to die either on a poisoned rapier, or from poisoned wine.
  4. Such phrases illustrated how disgusted and disappointed he was towards his mother and women as well as depicting how isolated he was as a young man. Hamlet's behaviour is considered mad.
  5. Ophelia Of all the pivotal characters in Hamlet, Ophelia is the most static and one-dimensional. The ghost has placed Hamlet in a most unnatural position by asking him to commit murder.

To shorten five acts down to a few paragraphs does not give full justice to the nuanced nature of this tragedy but here is the general gist: A youngish Hamlet is home grieving the untimely death of his father when he is visited one late night by his father's ghost.

The ghost, dressed for battle, intimates he was murdered by his brother, Claudiuswho has subsequently taken the throne.

What are the theme and plot of Hamlet by William Shakespeare?

The ghost goes on to express his frustration that his widow, Gertrudehas quickly cast aside his memory and married the murderous brother. With this knowledge and at the ghost's urging, Hamlet vows to take revenge on his uncle. Grappling with the weight of what he must do, Hamlet proceeds through the next four acts struggling to follow through with his promise.

He appears to decide that feigning madness will allow him to get close to Claudius, but first he must sort out his relationship with Ophelia.

Because Hamlet seems repulsed by his mother's incestuous relationship, he pushes back against Ophelia's mild advances. Hamlet seems to understand, too, that Ophelia is being used as a pawn by her father Polonius and the King, as they strive to determine the nature of Hamlet's madness.

By Act IV, the nature of the tragedy comes to light. Hamlet kills Polonius, who was hiding behind a curtain, eavesdropping on Hamlet's conversation with his mother.

Drama Analysis of Hamlet by Shakespeare

Ophelia, deeply grieving over the loss of her father and Hamlet's affections, drowns in a river. Whether it was suicide or an accident we will never be certain, though dialogue from the grave diggers suggests the former. Hamlet has been sent to England by the king, who has instructed the English to kill his nephew-son. Hamlet concocts an elaborate ruse to avoid death and his former schoolmates, Rosencrantz and Gildenstern, are killed instead.

LaertesOphelia's brother, returns from France upon hearing the news of his father's and sister's deaths and comes prepared to take vengeance. He challenges Hamlet to a duel and aided by the king, attempts to kill Hamlet with a poison-tipped sword.

  1. When Hamlet discovers the orders, he alters them to make his two friends the victims instead. However, Horatio serves two purposes central to the drama, and it is through these purposes that we can best discuss those qualities that make Horatio memorable.
  2. He views suicide as a crime in the societal view and even before God who gives life. Hamlet concocts an elaborate ruse to avoid death and his former schoolmates, Rosencrantz and Gildenstern, are killed instead.
  3. Hamlet who is a character in the play is again seen in another play within the play, which he acts in order to be in a position to kill Claudius.

King Claudius also has a poisoned cup of wine to use if necessary, but Queen Gertrude drinks from it accidentally and quickly dies. Hamlet, in a struggle with Laertes, switches swords with him and then strikes a blow, one that quickly turns lethal. With nothing to stop him, and also mortally wounded from a blow from Laertes, Hamlet is able finally exact his revenge on Claudius, forcing the poisoned wine down his throat.

Thematically, we have madness and the nature of madness, gender roles, revenge, and mortality.