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Botswana has made itself into one of africas wealthiest country

It is landlocked, sharing borders with South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and a short border with Zambia. Botswana is made up of mostly desert, and its population is estimated at roughly 2 million.

Prior to 1966 Botswana was known as Bechuanaland, a British territory. Once it gained its independence in 1966 Botswana began to run itself with a stable democracy. In the 1960s Botswana was one of the world's poorest countries but has since grown to become one the fastest growing world economies. Botswana covers an area of 224,610 square miles about the same size as France.

Britain gained control of Botswana's area in 1885 to help ensure peace in the area between the Zulu and Boers. Botswana has a very progressive program for helping to deal with the disease.

Africa's oldest democratic country is Botswana. Botswana is home to natural resources including diamonds, which make it a wealthy African country.

Botswana is home to several species of endangered birds and mammals. These include the cheetah, the Kori bustard, the brown hyena, and the Pel's fishing owl. Botswana's national dish is the boiled meat, corn meal, and greens, which are combined to create Seswaa. Botswana's official language is English.

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The national language is Setswana and most commonly spoken language in Botswana, but most can speak English. Botswana's currency is Pula, which is then divided into Thebe.

Botswana's border with Zambia is the shortest border in the world at only 150 meters. Where Botswana's north western region borders three other countries it may be the only place in the world where cell signals from four countries can be picked up.

Botswana Facts

Diamonds account for half of Botswana's value and provide free education for all children until they are 13 years old. Botswana's rainy season begins in November and ends in March, while wildlife viewing for tourists is best from May to October, when it is not rainy season. Major agricultural products in Botswana include corn, beans, sunflowers, sorghum, and ground nuts. Major exports from Botswana include diamonds, textiles, meat, nickel, and copper.

The national symbol of Botswana is the zebra. Botswana celebrates its Independence Day on September 30th each year.