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Case study of a child with adhd

He was failing every subject and seemed destined to repeat the eigth grade.

  1. Even though David attended a good school in an affluent district, his grandparents doubted the wisdom of placing David on drugs. The significance of attentional difficulties for learning and behavior was recognized in the 19th century, clinical interest in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD is a relatively modern phenomenon.
  2. This subtype should be used if six or more symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity but fewer than six of inattention have persisted for at least six months. David continued to make grade-appropriate progress in school but would have occassional setbacks.
  3. They may try to do several things at once, bouncing around from one activity to the next.
  4. During the 1920s, the awareness of behavioral difficulties following the influenza pandemic emphasized the importance of organic factors in pathogenesis and entwined the notion of "brain damage" with the diagnostic concept of "minimal brain dysfunction". Mom was concerned because he constantly bit his nails, to the point of leaving marks on the tips of his fingers, and he picked his nose all the time.
  5. He wet the bed 4 nights a week, causing mom extra stress with loads of laundry and disrupted sleep.

His teachers described him as disruptive and oppositional in class and stated that he had difficulty paying attention during structured and unstructured activities. They recommended that he be taken to his pediatrician and placed on Ritalin, a Class II prescription drug classified as a stimulant much like speed.

Even at home David was rebellious.

An ADHD Case Study

His father had abandoned him virtually from birth. His mother, overwhelmed by the task of raising him and his two sisters without spousal help, relapsed into drug and alcohol abuse. She was frequently drunk and around David she was moody and volatile. He refused to obey her curfews, going to bed late at night and failing to rise for school in the morning.

ADHD Case Study

Intermittently he wet the bed. He never helped the family with housekeeping or yardwork chores. Even though David attended a good school in an affluent district, his grandparents doubted the wisdom of placing David on drugs. They thought it would only compound his problems.

In other words, his brain wave activity revealed that his brain was daydreaming instead of paying attention far too much to allow him to learn effectively.

Five-year-old boy with ADHD and Behavioral Problems: Homeopathic Case Study

During the interview David described himself as dumb but cool. He loved his mother but was struggling to maintain a relationship with her.

Five-year-old boy with ADHD and Behavioral Problems: Homeopathic Case Study

He hated his father and wanted nothing to do with him. With his grandparents he had a solid and positive relationship and he especially respected his grandfather. It was decided that David should be sent to an alternative school for children with learning disabilities.

He was enrolled in individual counseling to improve his self-image.

  1. Six or more of the following symptoms of inattention have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level.
  2. ADHD can be present in comorbidty with other disorders which is given below.
  3. This late development and resulting under functioning may be in the cerebellum, pre-frontal lobes or more diffuse affecting the right or left cerebral hemisphere. He began to see himself as a bright young man who had learning problems.
  4. After the third session he began to enjoy the sessions. Learning disabilities — Problems with reading, writing, or mathematics.

The nutritionist cut out his caffeine, reduced his sugar intake, and helped his mother plan and cook well-balanced meals. His mother began counseling with a CEPD Substance Abuse Counselor and Psychologist who helped her stop abusing drugs and alcohol, enhance her mothering skills and strenthen her role in the family. Perhaps most importantly, David began to use Neurofeedback which trained him to alter his brain functioning so that he daydreamed less and paid attention more through the use of special software and computer enhanced techniques which allowed him to monitor his progress in a videogame format.

An ADHD Case Study

After the third session he began to enjoy the sessions. By his tenth session his mother remarked that he was more attentive at home and less oppositional. After his fifteenth session he was helping with household chores. After his twentieth session he stopped wetting the bed. By his twenty-fifth session his grades and behavior in school had remarkabley improved.

After forty sessions his attention span had increased from less than one minute to approximately forty-five minutes.

ADHD Case Study

Within six-months his reading and math scores had progressed one grade level. He was on the honor roll at his new school and his behavior at school was described as excellent.

ADHD Case Study

He began to see himself as a bright young man who had learning problems. He was looking forward to returning to his regular junior high school class at the appropriate grade.

He had become a happy, communicative and responsive young man who could express his feelings instead of act them out. His self image no longer required him to be cool, but rather was based on his self-perceived capability to achieve his goals in school and in life. David continued to make grade-appropriate progress in school but would have occassional setbacks. One can only ask what would have become of David if his chance to straighten out his academic life and his family life had depended solely on a drug.