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Compare and contrast england s early efforts to colonization to spain s

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  • The consequences were far-reaching, not only for colonial America, but for the America of the future;
  • In the fall, the first women arrive in Jamestown.

History 110 - Dr. This link has been variously characterized as a congenial meeting of two people in a so-called "New World;" a collision between the civilized and the savages in an ancient world; the beginning of a genocidal rampage. But there is another and very relevant way of looking at the relationship between the Old and New Worlds, as the map below illustrates. By the end of the colonial era in North America, conomic exchanges between the "old" and the "new" worlds demonstrates the existence of a global economic empire.

Discussion Topics To explain the importance of studying colonial history in the 21st Century. To understand the geographical claims of European nations in colonial North America. To examine the new economic model for the development of the English colonies. To study the characteristics of the early colonists.

To explore the governance, economy, and social structure created during the 17th Century within each of three colonial regions: To take an indepth exploration of three colonies - Jamestown in the south, Pennsylvania in the Middle, and Massachusetts in New England - and one of the most unusual of all the colonies - Georgia. To compare and contrast the political, economic, social, and spiritual development of the three colonial regions throughout the Seventeenth Century.

Goal 1 - To explain the importance of studying colonial history in the 21st Century Six Reasons to Study Colonial History To realize that diversity in North America was here from the beginning and such diversity makes us uniquely American.

Each cultural group, in turn, embraced dozens, if not hundreds of different cultural characteristics.

Geographical diversity - mountains, mightly rivers, vast forests, excellent farmland, superior harbors. To understand the dominance of Protestantism.

European Colonization of the Americas

While religious diversity existed from the beginning of British colonization, the vast majority of Euro-Americans were Protestant - and a substantial minority were Calvinist. Thus, their religion was tied to the need to use their own individual resources to achieve spiritual and material success. This will shape the American psyche. To comprehend the full extent of the racist attitudes Euro-Americans held toward non-white people.

Euro-Americans compare and contrast england s early efforts to colonization to spain s discrimination, subordination, enslavement, paternalism, and finally, violent policies to deal with their racial fears and prejudices. To learn the origins of our political institutions.

Some type of self-governance arrived very early in North America, even while the colonists were still under control of the British. Britain had no choice but to honor the self government that arose in the colonies because it was too far away to maintain regular, centralized control. To study the development of the unique American character, attitudes, and practices. The majority of colonists were the outcasts of Europe, most of whom were seeking economic, religious, and political freedom from the shackles of European governments.

When they landed in America and were forced to deal with the decidedly un-European factors of forests, Indians, wild territory, unlimited land, and the chance to become wealthy, they developed a uniquely individualist, entrepreneurial, "leave me alone while I make a buck" attitude.

To gain an appreciation for the deeply-held belief in American Exceptionalism - that we are unique in the worldhave a special destiny, and must spread our way of life into new territory. There are at least two ways of understanding the belief in American Exceptionalism.

America is an exception to the way people were granted rights and freedom. Our Founding Fathers realized that throughout history, we derived rights and freedoms only at the pleasure or discretion of an overarching authority that stood "above" them.

That authority could be a king or queen or a parliament and that authority would decide what the people were allowed to have, or to do, or to keep.

  1. Jamestown becomes the royal colony of Virginia. New England's society was Hierarchical - prominent families owned best land; inequality was God's will.
  2. The Middle Colonies were more economically diverse, hosting small farmers, craftsmen, and merchants — all who depended on some sort of profit for their living. The dotted section on this map indicates the extent of English colonization along the Atlantic Coast.
  3. Surplus food products, ship stores, and wooden ware swelled the exports.
  4. You did not have to wait to have rights flow down to you, they would flow up, from you. A glaciated area, the New England region was strewn with boulders.
  5. Waves of repression led to the migration of about 20,000 Puritans to New England between 1629 and 1642, where they founded multiple colonies. And many colonists in Pennsylvania and North Carolina were dissidents from Germany and Ireland who sought greater religious freedom as well as economic opportunity.

It all flowed downward to the people from a controlling higher authority; human rights were allocated to the people, or distributed to the people, or permitted to the people by an empowered greater entity whose reason for existence was to impose order and structure.

The Founding Fathers thus created a society that was an exception to this - rights would not be granted by an outside entity, flowing downward, but instead were innate, inborn and integral to each and every individual. You did not have to wait to have rights flow down to you, they would flow up, from you.

You didn't have to petition a king or a parliament for your rights - you had them inherently - and the only way anyone could affect those in-built rights would be if you, voluntarily, decide to give them up. America is exceptional or better than other nations in every respect - economically, politically, socially, and militarily.

Compare and Contrast Spanish and British Colonization Efforts in North America Prior to 1763. Essay

Americans believe that the U. As such, America is seen to have a 'mission,' a distinctive and definitive objective advanced by an actor on the historical stage.

Deneen, 2012 In other words, the United States is exceptional because Americans believe it to be exceptional. This underlies the idea that in every foreigner there is an American waiting to get out. Bush and their mission to reform the world in the American image. To understand the geographical claims of European nations in colonial North America Within 93 years after the first permanent British colony was settled in North America in 1607, the Spanish, French, Dutch, and British were deeply involved in the great race for empire.

Colonization and the creation of empires had become common place by the early 1700s.

  • You did not have to wait to have rights flow down to you, they would flow up, from you;
  • The economy encouraged the growth of widely-dispersed, isolated settlements;
  • Cartographers still use a Latinized version of his first name, America, for the two continents;
  • Thus, their religion was tied to the need to use their own individual resources to achieve spiritual and material success;
  • Indians, Europeans, and the Remaking of Early America;
  • If something was not in the scriptures, it was a man-made distortion of what God intended.

Spain - The first Spaniards to arrive in the "New World" - the conquistadores - were interested in getting rich. And for 300 years, they were quite successful.

Beginning in the 1500s, the mines in Spanish America yielded more than 10 times as much gold and silver as the rest of the world's mines put together. These riches made Spain for a time the wealthiest and most powerful nation on earth.

  • Virginia colonists export 18,839 pounds of tobacco to England;
  • Central governments, which were representative and responsive to the needs of the majority, and consisted of a governor and bicameral legislature;
  • On the eve of the Civil War, Georgia produced more cotton than any other state.

France - The French had established a strong trading colony in Quebec, had built a strong inland empire for fur trading throughout the Mississippi River regions, and had several settlements along important water routes. Netherlands - By 1613, the Dutch were firmly entrenched in the trading economy in New Netherlands The British, then, were among the last of the great European powers to gain colonial influence in North America.

As the map below of world colonization by the mid-1700s indicates, Spain and France had a much greater foothold in the Americas than the English. But remember, during the entire period of English colonization 1607 to 1776the vast majority of America was populated by American Indians.

Thus, it was not the European influences that were strongest in the 1600s - it was the Indian influence. So, why did James I 1603-1625 seek a geographical claim to North America? First, you will remember that England was recovering from over a decade-long war with Spain.

And even though the English were victorious, they needed a way to boast their economy. What better way than to have a colony rich with natural resources to exploit? Second, England had a serious surplus population and not enough food to feed them or prisons to house them. Third, England wanted to expand their empire - and because they were late to the game of empire, they claimed "new" land where they hoped to find rich resources. Fourth, the King had an economic motive based upon a new concept of economics - which brings us to our third goal for today.

To examine the new economic model for the development of the English colonies The New Economic Model for Colonizing British North America - Mercantilism, Corporations, and Capitalism The idea of mercantilism was that the nation, not the individuals within it, was the principal actor in the economy. The goal of the economy, then, should be to increase the nation's wealth.

Merchants believed that the world's wealth was finite and that one nation could only grow rich at the expanse of another. Therefore, the nation's economic health was dependent upon merchants who extracted and imported wealth from foreign lands while exporting very little wealth from home. Some compare and contrast england s early efforts to colonization to spain s joined forces and formed chartered companies - or corporations. To meet their needs, merchants sought assistance from the king who, in turn, benefited from the expansion of corporations.

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Each corporation acquired a charter from the King. The charter gave the corporation a monopoly on trading in a particular region. Thus, the goal of both the English king and the financial backers - those who owned the corporations - was to make money. The corporate colonies, therefore, were ventures in capitalism - that is, they were based on an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods are privately or corporately owned and developed.

To study the characteristics of the early colonists Characteristics of the First Colonists Most were young - over half were 25 years and under. Almost half were either indentured servants or slaves.

The Colonial Period

Very few were wealthy and most were of the "middling sort" - neither very rich nor very poor. While all knew they could not immediately own land in many of the North America colonies, they knew they had a chance to improve their economic and social standings in a way that they compare and contrast england s early efforts to colonization to spain s never accomplish in Europe.

The vast majority were English, Scot, and Irish. Most worshiped in the Anglican Church; a smaller number were Calvinists. These characteristics remain largely the same throughout much of the colonial era, with three exceptions: Larger numbers of women arrive. More convicts arrive after the British Transportation Act of 1717 - about 50,000 convicts were shipped to the colonies, largely for non-capital offenses against property. This number is far less than the 132,308 convict men and 24,960 convict women transported to Australia after the Americas outlawed transportation in 1776.

After the Protestant Reformation, the biggest religious debate was about the proper way for a Christian to gain access to the will of God. For Catholics and more conservative Protestants, the traditions of the church contained valid, time-honored additions to what was found in the Bible. For the Puritans, the church had been corrupted through centuries of greed and abuse. If something was not in the scriptures, it was a man-made distortion of what God intended.

Began their congregations with a covenant a term they took from the Bible between a group of believers and God. In turn, each congregation elected their ministers, all of whom were university-trained and who could be voted out by the congregation.

Believed that ever since the fall when Adam broke his covenant of works with God, man had been deserving of perpetual damnation. God had since made a covenant with Christ and upon fulfillment of that covenant, offered grace to a small minority of people known as the Saints.

Believed that because the identity of the Saints had long since been determined by God predestinationthere was nothing anyone could do to win salvation. No one could be entirely sure about who was one of the elect, but if a person was saved, he or she naturally lived a godly life. Thus, their conduct might indicate whether or not they were saved. Recognized states by which he or she might experience knowledge of redemption: Excommunicated members of the congregation if they strayed from the true path and failed to correct themselves.

Both Puritans and Separatists were. Never sure where they stood in the eyes of God which contributed to constant introspection and the desire to achieve. Subject to an essential tension between their inward, spiritual lives - am I serving God or am I going to hell - and their outward, secular lives - I need to make more money and I can only do that by focusing on material means.

To explore the governance, economy, and social structure created during the 17th Century within each of three British colonial regions: Additionally, the governance, economy, and social structure of each developed around the geographical realities of each colony.

In turn, these geographical realities led to the gradual formation of three regional groups of colonies.