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Explain key factors which affect the relationship between parents and children through all developme

Different needs arising within the family may create tensions between family members, and pressures that come from outside eg work or financial pressures may also impact on families and children.

Sometimes these pressures can make the development of positive family relationships more difficult. Yet, even taking these influences into account, there is much the adult or adults in the family can do to build strong family relationships. This leads to differences in family relationships and communication styles.

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Many beliefs about what makes for strong family relationships are influenced by the values and experiences that parents and carers were exposed to in their own families while growing up. There are also many differences within cultures. Differences in the ways that families are made up lead to different relationship and support needs. Meeting different kinds of relationship needs Two-parent families are built on the primary couple relationship and this continues to have a major influence on relationships amongst all family members.

When parents separateit can be a challenging time for all. Sole parents are a diverse group.

  • Support — offering and being able to ask for support, with family members knowing they will receive assistance, encouragement and reassurance from one another;
  • Togetherness — sharing similar values and beliefs that create a sense of belonging and bonding;
  • Support — offering and being able to ask for support, with family members knowing they will receive assistance, encouragement and reassurance from one another;
  • Conflict in the surroundings Something that is bound to affect the closeness between you and your child is the amount of conflict that is prevalent in their surroundings;
  • Making realistic expectations and house rules clear to all step-family members is very important;
  • However, trying to maintain normalcy as much as possible, even in the face of illness or trauma will help provide stability to your child in the short term.

They may miss the support that having another parent or carer would provide and may feel over-stretched by the responsibility of caring for children alone. For sole parent families in particular, having a support network of friends and relatives makes a big difference. Separated sole parents and children also benefit from having a positive co-parenting arrangement with the other parent.

This can be achieved when parents and carers value and respect the importance of children having opportunities to develop their relationships with both parents. Blended and step-families can have more complex relationship needs to take into account. Children may feel their prior relationships with parents or carers are displaced by the new couple relationship.

Family members, especially children, may still be grieving the loss of their original family. New relationships between children and parents or carers need to be negotiated and old ones renegotiated.

Children may spend time with two families who have different expectations of them. These changes can cause significant strain and stress to children as well as to parents and new partners.

Family relationships

It is important to reassure children that they will still have the love and support of both parents. Taking things slowly helps by allowing time for everyone to adjust to new circumstances. Making realistic expectations and house rules clear to all step-family members is very important. All families experience ups and downs as they strive to do their best for children and deal with challenges that come along.

They form the building blocks of healthy family relationships. Togetherness — sharing similar values and beliefs that create a sense of belonging and bonding. Sharing activities — spending time together doing things they enjoy, for example, sports, reading, camping, playing games. Affection — showing affection and care on a regular basis through words, hugs, kisses and thoughtfulness. Support — offering and being able to ask for support, with family members knowing they will receive assistance, encouragement and reassurance from one another.

Acknowledging existing family strengths is a good starting point for addressing challenges and building stronger family relationships.

Family Strengths Research Project. Family Action Centre, University of Newcastle.