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Incorporating kohlberg s stages of moral development into the justice system

The concept of justice is said to be composed of three aspects. The interpersonal adjudication aspect refers to the responsibility of every individual in the resolution of disputes irrespective of whether they are the cause of the dispute or whether they are the aggrieved parties. The second aspect implies that there is no reason why one should be punished unless it is proven beyond reasonable doubt that they were perpetrators of crime.

The third aspect focuses on the delivery of justice which should be done after one has undergone the due process of the law. Criminal justice on the other hand refers to the efforts of the authorities to prevent crime and punish crime when it occurs.

The criminal justice system is reliant on the concept of justice as it enables the concerned authorities to reach their mandate without abuse of the system or of other people. With reference to interpersonal adjudication, the judicial officers are expected to accord both the suspects and victims proper and professional treatment when attempting to solve the crime Hadit, 2001.

The officers of the law as well as the judicial officers should be in a position to describe the crimes committed in accordance to the standard definitions of those crimes. The legal processes should be followed at all times while investigating the crime especially in relation to the suspects Shaffer, 2004. They should be allowed to have a lawyer present during interrogations and should not be abused physically, verbally, emotionally or in any other way by the officers processing them Shaffer, 2004.

The higher the level of development at which an individual is at, the more advanced the decisions that he or she can make Hadit, 2001. Obedience and punishment orientation, self-interest orientation, interpersonal accord and conformity, authority and social order maintaining orientation, social contract orientation as well as the universal ethical principles.

Based on the characteristic of these stages, criminals may be evaluated for their moral development.

  • A drug abuser that steals money from family members rather than strangers may be operating at stage one as they may believe that, by only harming family, they are not breaking rules that will see them punished;
  • These choose to benefit even as others lose but are careful to avoid detection as they know there are repercussions to their actions.

Juvenile delinquencies are usually teenagers whose moral development has been impaired at the third stage. This stage consists of interpersonal and accord conformity as well as authority and social order maintaining law.

Juvenile delinquents are unable to recognize the authority of the legally appointed leaders as well as that of their parents Woolfolk, 2012. They are also unable to respect social norms and the laws that have been instituted by the authorities. Individuals that have not properly developed at stage two, which is driven by self-interest, include insurance frauds.

These choose to benefit even as others lose but are careful to avoid detection as they know there are repercussions to their actions. Serial killers are usually underdeveloped as far as universal ethical principles are concerned Hadit, 2001.

  1. Juvenile delinquencies are usually teenagers whose moral development has been impaired at the third stage.
  2. Criminal justice refers to a system of practices and government institution that directly control, deter and mitigate crime and sanctioning those who have committed a crime by violating laws.
  3. The interpersonal adjudication aspect refers to the responsibility of every individual in the resolution of disputes irrespective of whether they are the cause of the dispute or whether they are the aggrieved parties. The last element of the concept of justice is that there should be an emphasis on procedures.
  4. Juvenile delinquencies are usually teenagers whose moral development has been impaired at the third stage. The legislative system of the criminal justice system creates laws if any person fails to follow those laws he needs to be punished.
  5. The interpersonal adjudication aspect refers to the responsibility of every individual in the resolution of disputes irrespective of whether they are the cause of the dispute or whether they are the aggrieved parties. Justice can also be understood from that fact that when people are treated fairly according to how they should be treated justice is treated every individual equally.

They are aware that what they are doing is wrong with reference to the attitudes held by society but they still continue to commit crimes. Juvenile delinquents may be deterred by counselling and by punishment.

Incorporating Kohlberg's Stages Of Moral Development Into The Justice System

This will make them aware of the expectations of society and will show them the benefits of obliging as far as the law is concerned. Insurance frauds and serial killers will be deterred by punishment such as incarceration.

Incorporating Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral development Into the Justice System

This will make keep them from committing crimes. The emotional dog and its rational tail: Social and Personality development. Wadsworth Publishing Woolfolk, Anita.