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Media system and press regulation of philippines

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Data generated is not shared with any other party. For more info, see our Privacy Policy. Another unique feature of our media system is the friendly co-existence of private commercial and government media outfits. Among these are the Philippine Journalists Inc.

Public information is a critical part of governance that could be effectively channeled through government media. This is because public information creates awareness and generates acceptance of government policies and programs if used effectively. It also mobilizes public participation in development works and improves the image of government. It will be difficult for private commercial media to discharge the above functions as they essentially play a watchdog if not adversarial role towards government.

Likewise, the use of commercial airtime and space can be very expensive for government to sustain. The Marcos regime convincingly illustrated the ability of government media to promote development and its so-called accomplishments. But the regime abused this power by institutionalizing a Marcos personality cult as well using a big portion of meager government resources for propaganda. When Corazon Aquino assumed the presidency after the 1986 People Power Revolution, the new government was poised to privatize government media.

But after a series of coup attempts, media system and press regulation of philippines need for a strong government communication and information machinery was recognized. A media infrastructure would undoubtedly enhance the capability of the government not only to communicate to the public and gain its support but also to counter anti-government propaganda being initiated by groups representing diverse ideological and political stances. The capital intensive nature of media inevitably resulted in their control by the economic elite.

The voice of the silent majority is seldom heard on important local, national, and global issues. Government media channels are also ideal venues for popular or pluralistic expression of views and opinions by all sectors, particularly the marginalized. While the need to keep government media can be rationalized, there is no assurance that government media would play the role envisioned for them. Today, there are serious efforts by the Estrada government to review the role of government media and put in place the needed policies for them to serve the alternative channel they are envisioned to be.

Aquino on March 26, 1992. Among the functions of the PTNI are: To improve the technical quality of its programs and widen its reach, PTNI upgraded its network facilities, set up new provincial stations, and increased the power of existing stations. State-of-the art digital equipment was also installed to improve audio-visual capability and provide immediate live coverage of news-breaking events.

At present, PTNI has 20 provincial stations nationwide. But while RA 7306 provided equity funding to the network, it also stipulates that no funds from the General Appropriations Act annual national budget will be provided for its operation. PTNI has to raise its own resources through advertisements, blocktimers, and other sources.

Despite limited resources, PTNI is still able to produce quality news, public affairs and educational programs. It continues to broadcast three telecourses for teachers namely: The proposed PBS affirms the principle that communication and information are a national resource to be harnessed for nation building.

It will be autonomous and independent of government although it would be funded partly from regular government budget and through priority rights to broadcast production services for public corporations and government agencies. Dependence on advertising is to be avoided if the PBS is to be anything different from the private commercial networks.


The proposed PBS programming would focus on education, news and public affairs, culture and arts, among others. Philippine Broadcasting System Radio was introduced in the country in 1922, but it was only in September 1946, immediately after gaining independence from the United States, when the Philippine government operated its own radio station through KZFM.

These stations still exist today. In 1980, BB merged with the MBS which paved the way for the integration and expansion of government broadcast. Of these stations, two are 50 kws, one 25 kw, twenty-four 10 kws and six 1 kw.

The PBS is committed to serve as conduit for dialogue between government officials and the public. Its priority is to provide news and development information, particularly those which will improve the quality of life of the people. PBS programming exemplifies its mission which features programs on health, social welfare, livelihood, home management, environment, science and technology, responsible parenthood, nutrition, women and child rights, among others.

A related program, Itawag mo kay Erap, is aired every Wednesday media system and press regulation of philippines commercial station DZRH which is hooked up with government stations. Listeners are allowed to ask questions or seek clarification on various issues from the President. It does not toe the line on government issues, but rather presents views in an accurate, comprehensive and in-depth manner to allow the listener to make his or her own decision or viewpoint.

So are interviews with local and national government officials.

The Philippine News Agency The Philippine News Agency is the state-run wire agency which provides ready access to government news and information to its local and international media subscribers.

The Agency operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The Agency claims that it moves an average of 50,0000 words per day to its growing number of subscribers worldwide. It is also capable of providing color photos of national events. This has facilitated the immediate and two-way flow of exchange of news and information within the country. The Philippine Information Agency The Aquino government assessed the existing government information system.

  • The 1920s also saw the birth of English-language women's magazines, which were primarily the products of women's clubs;
  • Ownership changed hands a few times after that until the Times joined the press holdings of Alejandro Roces Sr.

Created in December 1986, the PIA aimed to provide for the free flow of accurate, timely, and relevant information to assist people in decision making and in identifying opportunities to improve the quality of life. This would enable citizens to participate meaningfully in democratic processes. The PIA has a mandate to either initiate development information programs or provide technical assistance to various government agencies in their public information projects.

  1. This may be interpreted as some crafty commercial tactics of GMA. The proposed PBS affirms the principle that communication and information are a national resource to be harnessed for nation building.
  2. Philippine Media prides itself as the "freest in Asia"; the constitution-backed protection of press freedom gives it a characteristic Libertarian flavor.
  3. They should also provide the channel by which the public can give feedback to government.
  4. Although only one newspaper, the Philippine Daily Inquirer, ran the story, three days later the Securities and Exchange Commission took over a disputed one-third of its shares. A researcher and librarian also are employed.
  5. In contrast to these lofty ideals, the Philippines press from the time of its inception has faced American influence, confiscation of assets for those papers not among the ownership of a former leader, and mistrust of reporters due to shoddy reporting. When PCIJ reported on March 11, 1996, that the former health secretary was reportedly skimming off up to 40 percent on government contracts, he was forced to resign two weeks later.

PIA services include communication training, infrastructure development, creative services, and communication research.

It has broadcast and film divisions capable of producing radio, TV and cinema plugs.

Government Media: Rewriting Their Image and Role

Essentially, the PIA serves as the advertising and public relations arm of the government. The Agency has 16 regional offices in various provincial capitals nationwide. These are under the operational control of and are funded by local government units in cities and towns. Reengineering government media One of the most important lessons gained from the past is that government media must be responsible and accountable to the public first rather than to the personal interests of our political leaders.

While government media may be used to gain respect for government officials, they should never be used as channels for institutionalizing personality cult.

Government media are mandated to help create an image of efficient and effective bureaucracy. In performing this task, they are also expected to be objective and fair in their reportage. This is in contrast with the one-way, top-down information flow that characterizes traditional government media system and press regulation of philippines programs.

This is why President Estrada regularly speaks to the people in two regular radio programs. Government media personnel are also professionals who must strive to continuously hone their craft. They are given security of tenure to insulate them from political maneuverings. This implies that government media should provide more information that are relevant to the needs of the people.

They should also provide the channel by which the public can give feedback to government. Government media organizations are hampered by limited budgets, difficulty of hiring better and more creative personnel due to low wages and lack of incentives, bureaucratic procedures that curtail flexibility and innovativeness. Another challenge is how to keep abreast with new information and communication technologies — satellites, computers, digital facilities, among others.

But the most serious challenge for government media is maintaining its credibility. The Marcos regime cultivated a propaganda-oriented information system for 20 years which eventually resulted in the public distrust of government information. Over the past years, government media have shown greater responsibility and accountability that has resulted to improved credibility and wider share of the media audience. Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication. Communication sector analysis for child rights-based programming.

Government information in practice. Navarro and Ramon R. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publisher. Philippine Association of Communication Educators. Ensuring universal access to telecommunication services. Toward more effective public information: Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Santos was born in Pasig. He is considered as the Father of Filipino Grammar. Culture and Arts Events.

  • Community papers face feuding political clans, "patronage politics," and resistance to change;
  • These laws mandate that no information scathing to national security shall find its way to the media;
  • Significant Dates October 1898: