Homeworks academic service


Medical consent in the book the immortal life of henrietta lacks by rebecca scott

As she lay on the operating table, a sample of her cancerous cervical tissue was taken without her knowledge or consent and given to Dr. George Gey, the head of tissue research. Gey was conducting experiments in an attempt to create an immortal line of human cells that could be used in medical research. Those cells, he hoped, would allow scientists to unlock the mysteries of cancer, and eventually lead to a cure for the disease.

  1. The immortal life of henrietta lacks rebecca skloot the immortal life of henrietta lacks is her first book at one point, henrietta's medical records were released to a reporter and published without her family's permission.
  2. Turner Station is a classic example of a company town. Summarize the pros and cons of giving patients legal ownership of their cells.
  3. Why did advances in genetic research necessitate establishing the legal requirement that doctors or researchers obtain informed consent documentation prior to taking DNA samples from patients for research? She also explores the birth and life of the immortal cell line HeLa, and shows how research involving HeLa has changed the landscape of medical research, leading to not only scientific and medical breakthroughs, but also new and evolving policies concerning the rights of patients and research subjects.
  4. Describe conditions at the hospital during the time period when Elsie was a patient there. What does Deborah do that illustrates that she has a great sense of humor?
  5. Why do you think Deborah eventually decided to talk with Skloot? How does Skloot proceed with her research when it becomes clear that Sonny Lacks is not going to meet with her?

She was just thirty-one years old. Her family had no idea that part of her was still alive, growing vigorously in laboratories—first at Johns Hopkins, and eventually all over the world. She also explores the birth and life of the immortal cell line HeLa, and shows how research involving HeLa has changed the landscape of medical research, leading to not only scientific and medical breakthroughs, but also new and evolving policies concerning the rights of patients and research subjects.

Central to this narrative is the relationship between Skloot and Deborah. Her work has been anthologized in several collections, including The Best Creative Nonfiction. She is a former vice president of the National Book Critics Circle, and has taught creative nonfiction and science journalism at the University of Memphis, the University of Pittsburgh, and New York University.

She lives in Chicago. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks is her first book. For more information, visit her website at RebeccaSkloot. About the Guide The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks contains three main narratives, each with unique applications to the disciplines of language arts, history, and science.

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

As a result, this guide is structured to provide discussion and writing activities that will engage students in researching, reading, and writing across the curriculum.

Guided Reading and Discussion Questions are provided for each chapter. These questions encourage students to engage in a close reading of the text, prompting them to clarify or infer meaning and to pause to examine not only what is written, but how it is written.

Writing Prompts are thematic and organized in sections that may be of special interest to the disciplines of language arts, social studies, and science. These prompts guide students toward an in-depth analysis of the themes and issues central to the story of Henrietta Lacks, and several may promote outside reading or research. Teachers are encouraged to adapt some of the prompts for use in debates or Socratic seminars.

The questions in the final section, Topics for Further Discussion, require students to expand their thinking and engage in significant research activities related to subjects or issues raised in the book. Many of these topics could be easily applied to group projects. Links to several radio productions and podcasts are provided at the end of the guide. Teachers are strongly encouraged to share the Radiolab episode with their students, as it includes audio recordings that the author taped while researching the book, and illuminates several key scenes from the book.

Before You Read Point out the differences between the genres of historical fiction and nonfiction. Discuss the differences between creative nonfiction and traditional journalism. Discuss the methods by which a nonfiction writer is able to recreate dialogue and recount descriptions of historical events and locations.

As a writing assignment, have students practice writing completely factual and objective narrative descriptions of historical locations or figures based on primary source documents such as photographs, eyewitness accounts, testimonies, and public records.

The Woman in the Photograph 1. The author uses several similes to describe cells. What simile does she use to describe the way a cell looks? What simile does she use to explain the functions of the different parts of a cell?

  • Explain why it would be easy to believe that the Marvel super villain, Hela, Goddess of Death, was based on Henrietta Lacks;
  • What specific details let the reader know that sending Elsie away was difficult for Henrietta?
  • What information about her mother was Deborah unwilling to share with Skloot?

What do these similes suggest about biology? What beneficial biological processes involve mitosis? What simile does Donald Defler use to describe mitosis? What happens when there is a mistake during the process of mitosis?

Customers Who Bought This Also Bought

According to Defler, how important was the discovery of HeLa cells? As a high school student, Skloot began researching HeLa cells to find out more about Henrietta Lacks. Examine pages 5 and 6 and write down each step that Skloot took to begin her research. Why does Sadie think Henrietta hesitated before seeing a doctor? What stereotype or bias might this assumption be based upon?

Why did David Lacks take Henrietta to the public wards at Johns Hopkins instead of a closer hospital? Explain what the Jim Crow laws were.

Why did Henrietta end up being raised by her grandfather, Tommy Lacks? What does this term suggest about the values of the Lacks family? How was Day related to Henrietta? Locate a passage that you found particularly effective or memorable, and explain why you selected it. Describe the relationship between Crazy Joe and Henrietta. How old was Henrietta when she had her first child with Day?

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks (Movie Tie-In Edition) Teacher’s Guide

What are the connotations of the two sets of terms? How did Pearl Harbor change life in Turner Station? Contrast the working conditions of black workers and white workers at the Sparrows Point Steel Mill. Diagnosis and Treatment 1. How are different types of cancer categorized? Explain how the development of the Pap smear improved the survival rate of women diagnosed with cervical cancer.

How did doctors justify using patients in public hospital wards as medical research subjects without obtaining their consent or offering them financial compensation? Do you agree or disagree with their reasoning? How did TeLinde hope to prove that his hypothesis about cervical cancer was correct? Explain what an immortal cell line is.

Analyze the consent statement that Henrietta signed on page 31. Based on this statement, do you believe TeLinde and Guy had the right to obtain a sample from her cervix to use in their research? Do you think Henrietta would have given explicit consent to have a tissue sample used in medical research if she had been asked? Do you think she would have understood what was being asked of her? Were cells taken only from black patients? Were black patients generally treated differently from white patients in the early 1950s?

The Birth of HeLa 1.

Medical consent in the book the immortal life of henrietta lacks by rebecca scott

Summarize the main obstacles Gey and his assistants faced in their effort to grow cells. Based on the descriptions of Gey found on pages 38—39, offer three adjectives that best describe his personality. What happened to the HeLa cells that Mary cultured? Gey chose to give away samples of HeLa to his colleagues almost immediately. Do you think this was a good decision? After her diagnosis and treatment, how did Henrietta behave? What can you infer about her personality based on this behavior?

What specific details let the reader know that sending Elsie away was difficult for Henrietta? Why do you think Henrietta initially chose not to tell people about her cancer diagnosis? How did she react when this information was eventually shared with her? Explain who Roland Pattillo is. How is he connected to both Henrietta Lacks and George Gey?

Paraphrase the information on page 50 describing the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. What does Pattillo tell Skloot about Elsie Lacks? What questions does Deborah have about her mother? The Death and Life of Cell Culture 1.

What did Gey hope to accomplish with HeLa cells? What did HeLa allow scientists to do for the first time?

  • What objective details suggest that Henrietta was a devoted and loving mother?
  • As a high school student, Skloot began researching HeLa cells to find out more about Henrietta Lacks;
  • Did Gey benefit or profit in any way from his participation in the research studies?
  • Summarize the pros and cons of giving patients legal ownership of their cells;
  • Where does he ask the burden to be placed?

Who was Alexis Carrel? Why did he win the Nobel Prize? What controversial beliefs did Carrell have?

Medical consent in the book the immortal life of henrietta lacks by rebecca scott

When did the doctors realize that Henrietta had been correct about the growth of her cancer? What objective details suggest that Henrietta was in extreme pain at this point in her illness? What objective details suggest that Henrietta was a devoted and loving mother? Do you find this story believable? If Gey did speak to Henrietta just before she died, do you think she would have understood what immortal cells were?

How does Skloot proceed with her research when it becomes clear that Sonny Lacks is not going to meet with her? Compare and contrast the Turner Station that Skloot visited in 1999 with the Turner Station that Henrietta experienced as a young woman. What subjective conclusions can you make about Mama Speed based on the objective details on page 72?

Make a prediction based on the foreshadowing regarding Mr. What do you think Cofield did?

  1. Explain what an immortal cell line is. Skloot begins the book with the following quote from Elie Wiesel.
  2. These prompts guide students toward an in-depth analysis of the themes and issues central to the story of Henrietta Lacks, and several may promote outside reading or research.
  3. Spigner teaches a course in the university of washington's honors' college based on the book, the immortal life of henrietta lacks henrietta yet since the book's publication in 2010, bio-medical institutions have successfully adopted rebecca skloot, the immortal life of henrietta.

The Other Side of the Tracks 1. What do the names of the creek and the river suggest about life in Lacks Town?