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Return to the nature an ecocritical interpretation

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Willy is a man with hugh ambitious but finally failed in the fierce competition of his business.

Linda, his wife, is a loyalconsiderate and strong wife who always takes good care of the whole family and always stands in the back of his husband. It was a story of a sixty-four-year old salesman Willy Lowman keeps travelling and selling everyday to afford his family all because of the inaction of his two sons. He has a hugh dream that he wants to start his own business, but he failed because of his faulty idea that personality can make fortune.

Finally, Howard fired Willy for his unsuccessful business.

  1. Magnified across the distance by the horizontal light, it stood out against the sun, was exactly contained within the circle of the disk; the handles, the tongue, the share—black against the molten red. He asserted that not only did nature need ecological balance, but also society and the spirit of human beings need ecological balance.
  2. This feeling is natural—Madhav Gadgil points out that kinship and reciprocity, which hold human societies together, was, in subsistence-agricultural peoples, extended to include nonhumans as well because nonhuman members of the fellowship provided humans with food, water, and shelter [iv].
  3. The main scenes of his dreams are in their backyard. The Shimerdas and others on the great plains are making their peace, if not their fortune with nature.

To find no way out of the desperation, Willy ends his life in his car. Arthur Miller wrote this drama based on his own experiences which have been considerably influenced by the Great Depression. During the 1930s, the United States went through an all-around economic depression. The collapse of financial system resulted in terrible situations: Also read about Animal Farm Characters But for Miller, it was more like a psychological disaster which influenced a lot on every American people.

It was not only Manny as the prototype of Willy Lowman, but a lot of other victims in the real society. His story of the salesman was just a projection of the whole society.

She reminded us that we can solve the ecological problem through the change of our world viewpoint instead of assisting by war or violent revolution. The one most quoted definition of ecocriticism is raised by Cheryll Glotfelty, the first professor of Literature and the Environment in America, defines: Ecocriticism is the study of the relationship between literature and thephysical environment. He ever defined ecocriticism like this: He asserted that not only did nature need ecological balance, but also society and the spirit of human beings need ecological balance.

Hence, he proposed two new items, social ecology and spiritual ecology. If society is not harmonious, people will feel lonely and unhappy. Then we need to solve the crisis of natural, social and spiritual ecology in order to achieve the genuine harmonious co-existence between man and nature.

  • And there was so much motion in it; the whole country seemed, somehow, to be running;
  • Magnified across the distance by the horizontal light, it stood out against the sun, was exactly contained within the circle of the disk; the handles, the tongue, the share—black against the molten red.

The main scenes of his dreams are in their backyard. And then the peonies would come out, and the daffodils. What fragrance in this room!

  • When Jim first met Antonia at the age of nine, he found her a pretty little girl four year older than him;
  • When Jim first met Antonia at the age of nine, he found her a pretty little girl four year older than him.

For Willy, all the living things in the backyard represent the harmonious relationship between man and nature. Without the trees and flowers in their backyard, Willy still enjoys the beauty of nature.

Happiness Is Returning to Nature: An Ecocritical Interpretation of My Antonia

When he drives in his trip, he is always fascinated by the scenery outside his window. I opened the windshield and just let the warm air bathe over me. Me and my boys in those grand outdoors! He is longing for a house in the countryside and living for a quiet and comfortable life. And in this drama, Willy more than once fancies his brother Ben coming back for him and telling him that: And by God I was rich. Also his son Biff, like his father, has a dream to embrace the nature and live in a farm.

After he returns from the west part, he finds that he is not suitable for the modern life in big cities. He wants to go back to the west and has a farm of his own. Raise cattle, use our muscles.

Men built like we are should be working out in the open. The fast development of the society makes this poetic and picturesque beauty of nature become a highly urbanized and commercialized market. Willy is not only a salesman of a New England company but a victim of the increasingly worse natural inhabited environment of American society. He is like an animal in the box, strained and terrified. There is a garden behind the house with trees around and enough space for two children to play.

However, with the merciless expansion of the city, these houses are surrounded by high buildings. Bricks and windows, windows and bricks. Remember those two beautiful elm trees out there? When I and Biff hung the swing between them? They massacred the neighborhood.

This time of year it was lilac and wisteria. In Death of a Salesman, by using both the joyful memories in the past of Willy and his disatisfaction to the modern life, Miller analyzes the imbalanced relationship between the man and nature. The communication between men and men become utilitarian. It makes the whole society and spiritual ecology become imbalanced.

  1. Farm life is simple but wholesome. He is longing for a house in the countryside and living for a quiet and comfortable life.
  2. University of Virginia Press, The red of the grass made all the great prairie the color of wine-stains, or of certain seaweeds when they are first washed up.
  3. Proponents have been accused by some of advancing misanthropic views. During the 1930s, the United States went through an all-around economic depression.
  4. In this alienated background of society, most friendly contacts in the past are substituted by the merciless modern competitions. He ever defined ecocriticism like this.

In this alienated background of society, most friendly contacts in the past are substituted by the merciless modern competitions. In Death of a Salesman, in order to afford the whole family, Willy has to beg Howard for just a low salary but on the contrary he is fired by Howard.

Willy desperately cries out: Money and profit become the principles of the relationship between men and men. Willy, as a salesman, actually become a product of his company until his death. Only his death can bring his family twenty thousand dollars as his real value. Arthur Miller, as a dramatist, feels deeply the slavery and alienation the commercialized society bring to people. Only when the relationship between man and nature become harmonious, men can live a healthy life.

This drama gives the development of modernization some important warnings.