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Review of related literature about bullying philippines

Review of Related Literature This chapter provides review of related to the present study.

Review of Related Literature by Val Gabriel Asegurado

These includes on bullying problem, the problem of bullying, types and forms of bullying, the bully and the bully victim, effects of bullying, school bullying in the Philippines, anti-bullying act of 2013, factors of bullying, conceptual framework of the study and the operational definition of terms.

Bullying can have destructive consequences for our young people. He manifested that living in this world make us equal review of related literature about bullying philippines discrimination will diminish. Much more, bullying is a form of aggressive behaviour manifested by the use of force or coercion to affect others, particularly when the behaviour is habitual and involves an imbalance of power. It can include verbal harassment, physical assault or coercion and may be directed repeatedly towards particular victims, perhaps on grounds of race, religion, gender, sexuality, or ability.

Bullying may inflict harm or distress on the targeted youth including physical, psychological, social, or educational harm Fact Sheet, 2016. Moreover, there had been many definitions of bullying and it comes in many forms, shapes and sizes.

It is commonly defined as an adverse behaviour towards another with the deliberate intent to harm, putting the targeted victim in a situation that is hard for him to defend himself. Much has been researched about bullying in schools but it only focuses on students and their rights. Likewise, according to Domenech 2009bullying is an ever-present problem in the lives of school kids. Bullying is an everlasting problem in the lives of school kids. It is a problem that affects all students, the person who bully, those who are victims, and the persons who witnesses to interpersonal violence.

It is a problem that affects ALL of our children — those who bully, those who are victimized, and those who are witnesses to interpersonal violence. Statistics on the rates of bullying and cyber bullying vary between studies due to the measures used, the questions asked, and the population studied.

However, the general consensus is that one out of three children are bullied at school, in the neighbourhood, or online and that one out of three children bully others. Additionally, the rates of bullying vary considerably across countries.

  • These include indigenous identity, ethnicity, material deprivation, gender and grade level;
  • Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children;
  • Parental modeling also refers to behaviors that parents use to guide or control their children.

Types and Forms of Bullying Bullying is behaviour that includes the use of any physical, verbal, emotional, and social or other means that triggered bullying. Any unwanted physical contact between the bully and the victim. This is one of the most easily identifiable forms of bullying. Examples include punching, pushing, kicking, teasing, fighting, etc. Both boys and girls indulge in physical bullying, boys perhaps more so, as they have a greater tendency towards physical aggression.

Is any slanderous statements or accusations that cause the victim undue emotional distress. Examples include profanity at a target, tormenting, rumours, being laughed at; etc. Verbal attacks can be of a highly personal and sexual nature.

Review Of Related Literature About Bullying Philippines

Types of bullying that usually done in our daily living. It includes our daily interaction that makes us emotional unhealthy. The socialization process may contribute a negative relationship if it is not tolerantly inclined.

It includes gossips, murmur and other nonprofessional causes that may cause harm to the wellbeing of a person. The Bully The bully may form a habit or misunderstand that attack and bullying behaviour are effective, they may commit more serious attacks, bullying behaviours and criminal behaviours in the future.

  • As more schools adopt whole school prevention programs and actively work with students, staff, and parents in effectively addressing the issues of bullying and harassment in each individual school, students will develop Literature Review of School Bullying Effects on the victim- Kids who are bullied can experience negative, physical and mental health issues;
  • Verbal attacks can be of a highly personal and sexual nature;
  • For any bullying prevention program to be successful it is necessary for each school to have a clear and easily understood philosophy that promotes a safe and positive environment;
  • Finally, a third type of direct parental influence on children's peer relationships is parents' coaching of children's interactional strategies with peers.

Likewise, bully may form a habit or misunderstand that attack and bullying behaviours are effective, they may commit more serious attacks, bullying behaviours and criminal behaviours in the future. Research indicates that bullying during childhood puts children at risk of criminal behaviour and domestic violence in adulthood Monato, 2014. The Bully Victims The students often suffer from bullying behaviour at school are usually the ones who cannot accommodate to collective life, being characterized by slow in action, small and weak body building, reserved, wilful and unsociable personality.

Hence, these students are likely to be late, be in low self-respect and confidence, as well as fall back on academic achievements, thinking lowly about themselves and looking down upon themselves Chiu, 2013. Bullied refers to the children who experienced bullying.

Research indicates that bullying during childhood puts children at risk of criminal behaviour and domestic violence in adulthood Carthy, 2014. Any child, through no fault of their own may be bullied. It can also be as simple as being in the wrong place at the wrong time. Children who are bullied tend to see the cause of bullying in themselves and feel or imagine that there is something wrong with them Monato, 2014. Children who are bullied tend to see the cause of bullying in themselves and feel or imagine that there is something wrong with them Carthy, 2014.

  1. Kids who are bullied are more likely to experience. Outcomes studies of anti-bullying intervention programs, focusing on the school environment, revealed a diverse pattern of positive Olweus and Alsaker, 1991 , moderate Smith and Sharp, 1994; Stevens et al.
  2. Any child, through no fault of their own may be bullied.
  3. Chapter 6 the review of related literature and studies Chapter 6 the review of related literature and studies 1. The critical analysis review of literature does show several...
  4. A Critical Review ofLiterature.
  5. Bullying victims were 1.

Moreover, Ouellet-Morin et al. Effects of Bullying Aggression is inherent both in humans and animals. What makes humans different is that they can bring the aggressive behaviors under control through the education received for years. Particularly in their adolescence period, aggressive behaviours of humans increase.

There can be generally groupings among students in adolescence. Many of the students who were bullied reported experiencing severe emotional stress, with negative effects on their schoolwork and school attendance.

Yet, millions of children worldwide from all socio-economic background, across all ages, religions and cultures suffer from violence, exploitations and abuse every day. School Bullying in the Philippines It is now well established that bullying in school constitutes major problem worldwide.

Likewise, there have much news and stories regarding in the Philippines; however, research in the phenomenon regarding bullying in the Philippines is scarce. A study on bullying in Manila area done by Roman 2005.

  • In bullies' families, he also observerd more negativism toward the child;
  • In the context of the Philippine society, it seems quietly like that, similarly to the primary socialization setting with in the family, schools as the secondary socialization setting may be perpetuating gender stereotypes;
  • PDF A review of the literature on bullies - workplace bullying A review of the literature on;;;
  • Peer aggression was found to be associated with an avoidant attachment history Smith et al;
  • Thus, methodological considerations have limited the usefulness of many initiatives within the schools.

On the other hand, apart from issues of values and perception of diversity; violence, bullying and harassment can have a negative impact on the overall wellbeing of the victim.

In the context of the Philippine society, it seems quietly like that, similarly to the primary socialization setting with in the family, schools as the secondary socialization setting may be perpetuating gender stereotypes.

Anti-Bullying Act of 2013 Bullying is prevalent to the society context of the Philippines. The Republic Act 10627 or named as the Anti-Bullying Act of 2013 protects the right of individual away from harm. Also known as an act requiring all Elementary and Secondary schools ar the policies that adopt to prevent and address the acts of bullying in their institution. This law had been approved by former President of the Philippines Benigno C.

Aquino III on September 12, 2013. This article founded the implementation of the law as an active of the Department of Education DepEd Php. Factors of Bullying Bullying is a complex and age-old problem with many factors causing the prevalence in the school Domenech, 2009. Schools were influenced a good deal by factors in their professional environment, especially from education department policy and also suggestions made by staff members and feedback from students and parents.

The demographic and social factors relate to the prevalence of bullying and the response to what is done to address the problem. These include indigenous identity, ethnicity, review of related literature about bullying philippines deprivation, gender and grade level.

It can be proved that bullying behavior is just like the involving door of effect, the one who is a bully at school usually tends to be a victim at school Chiu, 2013.

Courts ruled that when schools have a duty to take appropriate action and are not allowed continuing to use methods that fail to address what they know is happening Coloroso, 2013.