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The advantages and disadvantages of making decisions in a group

  • In case of an emergency or situations that require urgent action, a team might not act fast enough to meet the requirements for sound decision making;
  • An individual cannot have all the information that is available to a group as it consists of several individuals;
  • Its effectiveness can be influenced by many factors, so it is not suggestive that this type of decision making process is better all the time or otherwise;
  • As with brainstorming, the prohibition against criticizing proposals as they are presented is designed to overcome individuals' reluctance to share their ideas;
  • Decision-making in groups is a fact of organizational life for many individuals;
  • The process used to arrive at decisions may be unstructured or structured.

In the context of group decision making, homogeneity refers to a set of consistent and uniform ideas, prejudices, and beliefs held by all members within a group. Full Text Group decision making also known as collaborative decision making is when individuals collectively make a choice from the alternatives before them.

Group Decision-Making : it’s Advantages and Disadvantages

Such decisions are not attributable to any single individual, but to the group as a whole. By definition, group decisions are participatory, and often a member's contribution is directly proportional to the degree to which a particular decision would affect him or her. Group decisions are subject to factors such as social influence, including peer pressure, and group dynamics.

  • The external contingencies faced by groups time pressure and conflicting goals impact the development and effectiveness of decision-making groups as well;
  • The group leader or facilitator then solicits ideas from all members of the group;
  • Getting them organised, planning and coordinating their meetings, defining and explaining to them the purpose of a meeting and the goals, and finally reaching a solution or arriving at a decision can be quite cumbersome;
  • A group involves several individuals;
  • The dysfunctional group dynamics of the in-group produces an illusion of invulnerability an inflated certainty that the right decision has been made;
  • Each is designed to improve the decision-making process in some way.

These social elements can affect the process by which decisions are reached and the decision outcomes themselves. A group can make decisions by consensusin which all members come to agreement, or it may take a majority-rules approach and select the alternative favored by most members. Advantages of Group Decision Making Group decision making provides two advantages over decisions made by individuals: Synergy is the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

Advantages of Group Decision Making

When a group makes a decision collectively, its judgment can be keener than that of any of its members. Through discussion, questioning, and collaboration, group members can identify more complete and robust solutions and recommendations.

The sharing of information among group members is another advantage of the group decision-making process. Group decisions take into account a broader scope of information since each group member may contribute unique information and expertise. Sharing information can increase understanding, clarify issues, and facilitate movement toward a collective decision. Disadvantages of Group Decision Making Diffusion of Responsibility One possible disadvantage of group decision making is that it can create a diffusion of responsibility that results in a lack of accountability for outcomes.

GROUP DECISION MAKING

In a sense, if everyone is responsible for a decision, then no one is. Moreover, group decisions can make it easier for members to deny personal responsibility and blame others for bad decisions. Lower Efficiency Group decisions can also be less efficient than those made by an individual. Group decisions can take additional time because there is the requirement of participation, discussion, and coordination among group members.

Without good facilitation and structure, meetings can get bogged down in trivial details that may matter a lot to one person but not to the others.

  • In general, this research suggests that demographic diversity can sometimes have positive or negative effects, depending on the specific situation;
  • An Integrative Model and Research Agenda;
  • Some members of a group may start harbouring a feeling that they are different from the others;
  • Group decisions are subject to factors such as social influence, including peer pressure, and group dynamics;
  • Still Much to Learn For a lot of people, this notion of group decision making is a continuous life process;
  • Once all proposals are listed publicly, the group engages in a discussion of the listed alternatives, which ends in some form of ranking or rating in order of preference.

Groupthink One of the greatest inhibitors of effective group decision making is groupthink. Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. By isolating themselves from outside influences and actively suppressing dissenting viewpoints in the interest of minimizing conflictgroup members reach a consensus decision without critical evaluation of alternative viewpoints.

  1. In a sense, if everyone is responsible for a decision, then no one is. Brainstorming method involves members of a group actively participating in the suggestion of ideas and alternate course of action.
  2. The individuals in a group may be demographically similar or quite diverse.
  3. Decision-making groups may be relatively informal in nature, or formally designated and charged with a specific goal. The "brainstorming session" is usually relatively unstructured.
  4. Group polarization is another potential disadvantage of group decision-making. A group usually provides a platform for people to present their ideas.
  5. Provides Greater Alternative Solutions Due to the number of people involved with this process, it can take advantage of the expertise and strengths of the members.

Loyalty to the group requires individuals to avoid raising controversial issues or alternative solutions, and there is a loss of individual creativityuniqueness, and independent thinking. The dysfunctional group dynamics of the in-group produces an illusion of invulnerability an inflated certainty that the right decision has been made.

Thus the in-group significantly overrates its own decision-making abilities and significantly underrates the abilities of its opponents the out-group. Furthermore, groupthink can produce dehumanizing actions against the out-group.

  1. Quite often, discussions in a group are dominated by a few members. When a group makes a decision collectively, its judgment can be keener than that of any of its members.
  2. By tapping the unique qualities of group members, it is possible that the group can generate a greater number of alternatives that are of higher quality than the individual.
  3. Group decision-making is quite expensive in terms of time, money, energy and man-hours.
  4. The group discusses, decides, and delegates, but the team discusses, decides, and does real work. Collective Understanding The essence of group decision making may lead to a higher collective understanding of the course of action to be chosen.
  5. In organizations many decisions of consequence are made after some form of group decision-making process is undertaken.