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The african american slave issues and the constant racism in the united states

President of African descent, many believed that racism was on the decline.

Institutional Racism & the Thirteenth Amendment

Some on the right wing argued that institutional racism was no longer an issue in modern U. There is a steady rise of video-recorded police violence and murders of Black men. Police shooters, protected by the brass and so-called union bosses, are put on leave with full pay while the family members and protesters demand justice. Tennessee Congresswoman Marsha Blackburn said after another murder of a Black man: It is what separates us. It is the twisted belief that Blacks are to blame for what happens to them.

Underlying that view is the assumption that Blacks are not equal citizens to whites — who expect the governmental and corporate institutions to enforce racial bias. It is how, and why, African Americans are still denied fair housing and market values and how employment can still be based on the color of their skin, not their qualifications. Even slaves who won their freedom and moved North had to carry papers proving their legal status. As the movie 12 Years a Slave showed, even a free Black man could be captured and denied his freedom.

A Civil War, the Second American Revolution in 1861-65, overturned that violation of freedom in the original Constitution. The constitutional change by revolution, however, was not accepted by most southern whites, nor by many in the North.

Because of that reality, whites and Blacks have always been treated differently by state institutions.

  • Shaping the Terrain Let me pursue a bit further this analogy of terrain;
  • As such, ideologies are not delusions but real, as real as the social relations for which they stand;
  • Scholars occasionally maintain that English indentured servants escaped that fate while Africans fell victim to it because Europeans would go only so far and no farther in oppressing people of their own colour;
  • Racial ideology supplied the means of explaining slavery to people whose terrain was a republic founded on radical doctrines of liberty and natural rights; and, more important, a republic in which those doctrines seemed to represent accurately the world in which all but a minority lived;
  • Not until late in the century, after the boom had passed, did landowners begin buying slaves in large numbers, first from the West Indies and, after 1680, from Africa itself;
  • Others have joined him, including college and high school student athletes, and women professional basketball and soccer players.

In fact Black cops act just as violently as white cops and often display the same implicit attitudes towards Blacks on the streets. The irony is that these same Black police face racial profiling when out of uniform. The significance of the 13th Amendment is dual: The Mass Incarceration State A result is the mass incarceration state.

African Americans are imprisoned disproportionally to all other ethnic groups. The total is higher than the number of Blacks enslaved in 1850. Hundreds of years later, America is still not an egalitarian democracy. The arguments and rationalizations that have been trotted out in support of racial exclusion and discrimination in its various forms have changed and evolved, but the outcome has remained largely the same.

The Netflix film, according to IndieWire, chronicles the history of racial inequality in the United States, examining how the country has the highest incarceration rate in the world, with a hugely disproportionate percentage of prisoners being African American. DuVernay traces the history of racism in the United States and how fear and division facilitate a system that drives mass criminalization. Using a mix of archival footage and testimonies from politicians, activists and formerly incarcerated men and women, DuVernay unearths an untold history for the world to watch.

Slavery, Race and Ideology in the United States of America

Institutional racism is a key reason why President Obama received low white support in southern states; why many whites are open about being white nationalists first and Americans second; and why it was so easy for longtime Dixiecrats to turn Republicans overnight after the civil rights laws were adopted in the 1960s. Confederate flags and monuments for former Confederate generals and officials are prominently displayed. Part of the Smithsonian, it took over 100 years to build from its first proposal after the Civil War until Congress passed a law to do so in November 2003 which President George W.

Much of the early funds came from individual contributors like myself. The museum tells the story of oppression and institutional racism, as well as the advantages of being white, from the eyes of African Americans from slavery, Jim Crow and the lynchings of 4000 Blacks by white mobs to housing discrimination and segregated military through World War II, to contemporary issues.

The museum shows the level of terror against Blacks and the great contributions made by African Americans in science, education, sports and culture. The segregationists in the South sought to stop the museum and delayed its approval for decades.

Modern day white nationalists continue to push back the march of progress. They are confident that the gains won legally by Blacks can be eroded and eventually rolled back. Many gains won in the civil rights revolution of the 1960s, such as affirmative action programs and school desegregation efforts, have been crippled if not overturned.

The rise of the Black Lives Matters movement is narrowing the gap among upper-class Blacks and the vast majority of working-class and poor African Americans.

The new generation of Black activists organizing militant anti-police shooting protests are leading the way in this cross-class community solidarity that has also created multiethnic unity. Kaepernick is a biracial man who grew up with his white adoptive parents in a white community in northern California. He experienced personal racism in college and educated himself about historical racism and discrimination as he watched the police brutalize Blacks for being Black and in the wrong place.

He spoke up in his Twitter account and decided not to stand for the national anthem. He did so quietly until a reporter noticed him sitting or the bench and later putting a knee down.

  • Even the greediest and most short-sighted profiteer could foresee disaster in any such policy;
  • Or, to be more exact, they have grown up in a society that constantly ritualizes that discovery—by making people stop again and again for red lights—without each person having to make the discovery anew by ad hoc calculation at every intersection;
  • Not until the 1660s did that morbid arithmetic change; and by then other things had changed as well;
  • The creators and re-creators of race include as well a young woman who chuckled appreciatively when her four-year-old boy, upon being asked whether a young friend whose exploit he was recounting was black, answered;
  • Many gains won in the civil rights revolution of the 1960s, such as affirmative action programs and school desegregation efforts, have been crippled if not overturned;
  • As the labour of slaves for life replaced that of servants for a term, the problem of providing for freedmen receded into the past.

Others have joined him, including college and high school student athletes, and women professional basketball and soccer players. Kaepernick has pledged one million dollars of his salary to community oganizations. He knows that he could lose his professional career and millions of dollars of future income. Key strongly opposed the abolitionist movement.

The third verse of his poem that became the national anthem is never sung, but reads: After the war, many migrated to Canada to live. Many abolitionists did not celebrate Independence Day either, because of slavery. I answer; a day that reveals to him, more than all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim.

It must be exposed and rooted out by legal and other means. The government must provide real compensations for descendants of slaves. How the reparations are paid can be discussed by establishing an independent Truth and Reconciliation Commission with executive authority.

  • Inequality was ordained by God, not by science, and was applicable not only to relations between slaveholders and slaves, but also to relations between men and women and between the planter elite and the non-slaveholding majority;
  • For those living within the maturing slave society of the South, racial ideology in its radical American form could not fully account for the social landscape;
  • This is perhaps a good moment to say a few words about what ideology is and what it is not; because without an understanding of what ideology is and does, how it arises and how it is sustained, there can be no genuinely historical understanding of race;
  • And the prospect of gaining enslaveable children in the future—an uncertain prospect, considering how few women arrived during the boom years—could not compensate for the certain loss of adult immigrants in the present;
  • The revolutionary bicentennials that Americans have celebrated with such unction—of independence in 1976 and of the Constitution in 1989—can as well serve as the bicentennial of racial ideology, since the birthdays are not far apart.

History has shown that many goals thought unobtainable were won by revolutionary war and mass struggles. The victories were eventually codified by Constitutional Amendments and fundamental changes in new laws. Understanding the 13th Amendment, and the 14th and 15th, is important to know why full equality is still to be won. The written words on paper including the Bill of Rights must be validated — by force if necessary — to defeat those who want the return to unchallenged white and male domination.

November-December 2016, ATC 185.