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The effects of christopher columbus voyages to africa and america

The 'Columbian Exchange': How Discovering the Americas Transformed the World

Visit Website Christopher Columbus: Early Life Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, was born in Genoa, Italy, in about 1451. When he was still a teenager, he got a job on a merchant ship.

  • The astonishing thing about this was that they had come across the ocean from the east;
  • Word of his finding new lands rapidly spread throughout Europe.

He remained at sea until 1470, when French privateers attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast. The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of wood and made his way to Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography and navigation.

He also began to hatch the plan that would change the world forever. The First Voyage At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach Asia from Europe by land. The route was long and arduous, and encounters with hostile armies were difficult to avoid. Portuguese explorers solved this problem by taking to the sea: But Columbus had a different idea: Why not sail west across the Atlantic instead of around the massive African continent?

Christopher Columbus and his Legacy

He argued incorrectly that the circumference of the Earth was much smaller than his contemporaries believed it was; accordingly, he believed that the journey by boat from Europe to Asia should be not only possible but comparatively easy. He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but it was not until 1491 that he found a sympathetic audience: Columbus wanted fame and fortune. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe.

Columbus, a devout Catholic, was equally enthusiastic about this possibility. On October 12, the ships made landfall—not in Asia, as Columbus assumed, but on one of the Bahamian islands.

  1. A taster even tasted the food from each of his dishes before he ate to "make sure it was not poisoned. Celebrated more than any other explorer in history, Columbus went to his grave without the vaguest idea of which part of the world he had actually discovered.
  2. In 1502, cleared of the most serious charges but stripped of his noble titles, the aging Columbus persuaded the Spanish king to pay for one last trip across the Atlantic.
  3. This put Spain on the same level as Portugal in regards to who was now a world power.
  4. If we were forced to give up everything that was tainted with blood, we wouldn't have much left.

In March 1493, leaving 40 men behind in a makeshift settlement on Hispaniola present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republiche returned to Spain.

Then he headed west, with his own complement of native slaves, to continue his mostly fruitless search for gold and other goods. In lieu of the material riches he had promised the Spanish monarchs, he sent some 500 slaves to Queen Isabella.

Voyages of Christopher Columbus

In May 1498, Columbus sailed west across the Atlantic for the third time. Conditions were so bad that Spanish authorities had to send a new governor to take over. Christopher Columbus was arrested and returned to Spain in chains. In 1502, cleared of the most serious charges but stripped of his noble titles, the aging Columbus persuaded the Spanish king to pay for one last trip across the Atlantic.

  1. Another Chief, named Caonabo in Jaragua , was charged.
  2. Additionally, many of the local tribes were completely wiped out by the Europeans and their diseases. In March 1493, leaving 40 men behind in a makeshift settlement on Hispaniola present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic , he returned to Spain.
  3. Rounding up the slaves led to the first major battle between the Spanish and the native peoples in their homeland, called by Europeans "the New World ". In Europe, the effects of the voyages were generally more benign.
  4. Rounding up the slaves led to the first major battle between the Spanish and the native peoples in their homeland, called by Europeans "the New World ".

This time, Columbus made it all the way to Panama—just miles from the Pacific Ocean—where he had to abandon two of his four ships in the face of an attack from hostile natives. Empty-handed, the elderly explorer returned to Spain, where he died in 1506.

  • Controlled territories in africa, the caribbean, and significant portions of christopher columbus's famous voyage to the americas is considered the most;
  • The Amerindian societies of Mesoamerica occupied the land ranging from central Mexico in the north to Costa Rica in the south;
  • Above all, however, Christopher Columbus opened up new worlds to Europe, and in conclusion, it is hard to overstate the significance of these discoveries, nor their global impact;
  • Even skillfully carved marble figures of Jesus as a baby were on offer;
  • Eventually the king dropped the charges against Columbus and allowed him to sail again;
  • When colonists of what would become the United States arrived, they followed Columbus's lead.

However, his journey kicked off centuries of exploration and exploitation on the American continents. The consequences of his explorations were severe for the native populations of the areas he and the conquistadores conquered. Disease and environmental changes resulted in the destruction of the majority of the native population over time, while Europeans continued to extract natural resources from these territories.

Today, Columbus has a controversial legacy —he is remembered as a daring and path-breaking explorer who transformed the New World, yet his actions also unleashed changes that would eventually devastate the native populations he and his fellow explorers encountered.

  • Columbus was appointed Governor of the Indies, but the duties took a great physical toll on Columbus;
  • When he first saw a map of malaria's range, Mann says it was as if the scales had fallen from my eyes.