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The life and contributions of geraldine a ferraro to the gender equity movement

Women of all ages and classes demonstrated on a massive scale; the demonstrators were jailed, locked out of their meeting places, and thrown down the steps of Parliament. The ensuing mobilization by the WSPU of thousands of its members for voluntary participation in the war industries and support services was a highly influential factor in overcoming government resistance to WSPU aims.

FERRARO, Geraldine Anne

In 1928 the voting age was lowered to 21. The ensuing campaign attracted many educated, wealthy, and influential women to the cause, with resultant political professionalism, increased funding, and the development of massive parades and demonstrations in the major cities.

Such groups supported various types of liberal reforms related to the rights of both men and women. Three related conferences—in Mexico City 1975 ; Copenhagen 1980 ; and Nairobi, Kenya 1985 —did the same.

That conference endorsed a nonbinding "Platform for Action. During the 1960s a militant feminist trend emerged in the United States.

  1. John Zaccaro later was convicted in February 1985 of conducting fraudulent real estate transactions. Although she was defeated in the primaries by Sen.
  2. University of New Mexico Press, 2003.
  3. Ferraro was passed over, mainly because New York was already heavily represented on that committee. Indie subcultures defined by girl-made zines, music, art and websites flourished, providing young women new platforms for self-expression.
  4. This continuous, addictive format produced an unrelenting fixation on public figures and news makers, but none so much as the women gaining power and prominence in the 90s.

More significantly, feminist political organizations arose that developed into a full feminist movement by the 1970s. The ERA was approved by the U.

  • House of Representatives in 1971 and by the Senate in 1972;
  • As the first Congresswoman from Queens, she also was re—elected to two subsequent Congresses, winning in 1980 and 1982 with 58 and 78 percent of the vote, respectively;
  • More women won political office than ever before in 1992, the so-called Year of the Woman , when their numbers in the Senate tripled from a measly two to a small but more respectable six;
  • On July 16, a week after graduation, she married a real—estate broker, John Zaccaro; however, Ferraro kept her maiden name as a tribute to her mother;
  • The movement, which hinged on the belief that selecting a woman as the vice presidential candidate would energize the party and help Democrats compete against popular incumbent President Ronald Reagan by attracting women voters , gained momentum in the months preceding the convention.

House of Representatives in 1971 and by the Senate in 1972. On June 30, 1982, however, ratification of the ERA fell three states short of the 38 needed by that deadline. Later congressional efforts to reintroduce the measure have failed, although a number of states have added equal-rights clauses to their constitutions.

A Brief History of Women

Women continue to make advances in the political field. Although she was defeated in the primaries by Sen.

Women have made considerable gains in the other political arenas. In 1991, there were 2 women serving in the U.

How the ’90s Tricked Women Into Thinking They’d Gained Gender Equality

Senate and 28 in the U. Following the 2010 elections 17 female senators and 75 female representatives were serving, including 3 nonvoting delegates.

  • The ensuing mobilization by the WSPU of thousands of its members for voluntary participation in the war industries and support services was a highly influential factor in overcoming government resistance to WSPU aims;
  • By the end of the decade, however, the promise of equality for women was revealed to be something between a false hope and a cruel hoax.

In January 2007, Rep. She was chosen House minority leader after the Republican party won control of the House in 2010. Also, 6 women were governors in 2011.

  • Meanwhile, news consumers blamed women for their own unceasing visibility, as if they had narcissistically engineered unflattering coverage of themselves for personal gain;
  • By the end of the decade, however, the promise of equality for women was revealed to be something between a false hope and a cruel hoax;
  • Especially in her first two terms, she remained mindful of the needs of the citizens in her district;
  • Three related conferences—in Mexico City 1975 ; Copenhagen 1980 ; and Nairobi, Kenya 1985 —did the same.

In January 2009, Hillary Clinton succeeded Rice as secretary of state. How to Cite This Article: