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The life and times of johannes gutenberg

February 3, 1468 in Mainz, Germany Best known for: Introduced movable type and the printing press to Europe Biography: Johannes Gutenberg introduced the concept of movable type and the printing press to Europe.

  • Gutenberg was born in 1398 in German city Mainz;
  • Johannes Gutenberg Lived from 1400-1468;
  • So Gutenberg got the right to repair that room and use it as his workshop;
  • Fust and Gutenberg eventually became estranged, Fust, apparently, wanting a safe and quick return on his investment, while Gutenberg aimed at perfection rather than promptness;
  • But as the experiments did not at first succeed Fust lost patience.

While this may not sound like a big deal at first, the printing press is often considered as the most important invention in modern times.

Think about how important information is today.

Johannes Gutenberg Biography

Without books and computers you wouldn't be able to learn, to pass on information, or to share scientific discoveries.

Prior to Gutenberg introducing the printing press, making a book was a laborious process in Europe. It wasn't that hard to write a letter to one person by hand, but to create thousands of books for many people to read was nearly impossible.

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  • According to certain accounts, his family moved to Strasbourg in France;
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Without the printing press we wouldn't have had the Scientific Revolution or the Renaissance. Our world would be very different. Where did Johannes Gutenberg grow up?

Johannes was born in Mainz, Germany around the year 1398. He was the son of a Goldsmith.

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Not a whole lot more is known about his childhood. It appears he moved a few times around Germany, but that's about all is known for sure. Gutenberg took some existing technologies and some of his own inventions to come up with the printing press in the year 1450.

  1. The letters were sharp and clear. So he looked for a workshop where no one would be likely to find him.
  2. So everything in the world that Gutenberg had, even the tools with which he worked, came into Fust's possession.
  3. Howevr, this can not be ascertained as Gutenberg never printed his name on the books he printed.

One key idea he came up with was moveable type. Rather than use wooden blocks to press ink onto paper, Gutenberg used moveable metal pieces to quickly create pages. Gutenberg introduced innovations all the way through the printing process enabling pages to be printed much more rapidly. His presses could print 1000's of pages per day versus only 40-50 pages with the old method.

This was a dramatic improvement and allowed books to be acquired by the middle class for the first time in the history of Europe.

  • He was the inventor of the art of printing with movable types;
  • Gutenberg was ordered to pay Fust the total sum of the two loans and compound interest probably totaling 2,020 guilders;
  • Gutenberg introduced innovations all the way through the printing process enabling pages to be printed much more rapidly;
  • They lost the suit, but the trial revealed that Gutenberg was working on a new invention.

Knowledge and education spread throughout the continent like never before. The invention of the printing press spread rapidly throughout Europe and soon thousands of books were being printed on printing presses. It's thought that the first printed item from the press was a German poem.

Other prints included Latin Grammars and indulgences for the Catholic Church. Gutenberg's real fame came from producing the Gutenberg Bible. It was the first time a Bible was mass produced and available for anyone outside of the church. Bibles were rare and could take up to a year for a priest to transcribe.

  1. He was the son of a Goldsmith.
  2. Invention of the press When Andreas Dritzehn died at Christmas 1438, his heirs, trying to circumvent the terms of the contract, began a lawsuit against Gutenberg in which they demanded to be made partners. Johannes Gutenberg Lived from 1400-1468.
  3. His father died in 1419 and a letter written by him in 1434 confirms that he was residing in Strasbourg.
  4. Other prints included Latin Grammars and indulgences for the Catholic Church. It is also said the idea for the printing press, came like a flash of light, though this may have been an embellished story — added at a later day.

Gutenberg printed around 200 Bibles in a relatively short time. Fun Facts about Gutenberg In 1462 he was exiled from Mainz.

Johannes Gutenberg Biography (1395-1468)

However, things turned around for him and in 1465 he was given a fancy title, a yearly salary, and more as a reward for his invention. The original Bible sold for 30 florins. This was a lot of money back then for a commoner, but much, much cheaper than a hand written version.

Johannes Gutenberg

There are around 21 complete Gutenberg Bibles existing still today. Activities Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.