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The positive social and political effects of the american civil war

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Civil War Culture

As the Union and Confederate armies camped across the Rappahannock River from each other in the winter of 1862-63, bands on both sides played the popular ballad "Home Sweet Home. Before 1862, new volunteer regiments usually included a regimental band; when the proliferation of bands became too unwieldy, many regimental bands were dismissed, but some survived, or were replaced by brigade bands to serve a larger contingent of troops.

American Industrialization from Civil War to WWI Essay

The Role of Newspapers With the invention of the telegraph 1837 and a better mechanical printing press 1847the newspaper business had begun to explode in the years leading up to the Civil War. By 1860, the country could boast some 2,500 publications, many of them published weekly or daily.

Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Widespread use of the telegraph meant that war-related news reached Americans across the country, in both rural and urban areas, in an extremely short time. The Civil War would become the most well-reported conflict in history: Reporters traveling with the armies sent dispatches directly from the field, and many soldiers wrote letters for their hometown newspapers.

  1. The Emancipation Proclamation was not a well-received action.
  2. The president himself has very little power outside of what Congress allows, except in wartime.
  3. By the beginning of 1862 prices had already doubled; by middle of 1863 they had increased by a factor of 13.
  4. There was no national banking system, no national railroad gauge, no national tax system, not even reliable maps of the areas where the war would take place.
  5. He was greatly trying to encourage each state to abolish slavery, attempting his best to offer compensation to the slave-owners in the hopes that eventually they would free their slaves.

In addition, mass-produced newspapers were selling for just a penny, enabling them to reach a much greater audience than ever before. In addition to straight reporting, newspapers particularly pictorial ones published a wide variety of political cartoons. By satirizing controversial leaders, celebrating victories and laying blame for defeats, the cartoons became an integral part of how many Americans processed the staggering events of the war.

12a. The Impact of Slavery

Wartime Photography The Civil War was also the first major conflict in history to be extensively photographed. Like newspapers reporters, photographers went into army camps and onto the field of battle to capture images of wartime life and death.

Mathew Bradywho by 1861 had built a successful career taking daguerreotype photographs of politicians, authors, actors and other famous figures, decided to make a complete record of the war. Hiring a staff of photographers including Alexander Gardner and Timothy H.

He got behind the camera himself on only a few occasions notably at Bull Run, Antietam and Gettysburg but generally refused to give his staff individual credit for their photos.

Consequences

Photography in the war years was a difficult and cumbersome process. Photographers transported their heavy equipment in wagons, and were often forced to develop the images in makeshift darkrooms inside those same wagons.

Confederate and Union Money Of all the disadvantages the Confederacy experienced during the Civil War, its lack of a sound currency was particularly damaging.

In addition, the South never developed an adequate system of taxation and was unable to produce what it needed or export the goods it did produce, due to the increasingly effective Union blockade of the Atlantic coast. By comparison, the North had relatively little trouble financing the war effort.

  1. By mid-1864 the costs of paying interest on outstanding government bonds absorbed more than half all government expenditures. This still left a huge shortfall in revenue that was not covered by either taxes or the printing of money.
  2. In late 1863 and early 1864, following the Confederate defeats at Gettysburg and Vicksburg, prices rose very sharply despite a marked decrease in the growth of the money supply.
  3. Historically, this led to the establishment of fiscal and accounting institutions to collect taxes from the population to fuel war.
  4. When the Union offensives in Georgia and Virginia stalled in the summer of 1864, prices stabilized for a few months, only to resume their upward spiral after the fall of Atlanta in September 1864.
  5. What should be the balance of power between local authority and the national government; who is entitled to American citizenship; what are the meanings of freedom and equality in the United States? One group that tends to be vulnerable to a sudden rise in prices is wage earners.

Congress passed the Internal Revenue Act of 1861, which included the first personal income tax in American history; the new Internal Revenue Board began collecting taxes the following year. The value of these greenbacks rose and fell throughout the war, but they did provide enough currency for circulation.

The National Bank Act 1863 provided additional stability by establishing a national banking system, which gave the country a federal currency for the first time.

Effects of war