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An essay on the pros and cons of alcoholism

But during the Vietnam War, in consideration of young people in military service, 29 states lowered the legal drinking age. As a result, there was no uniform drinking age, with some states choosing 18, 19, or 20, and some states also putting restrictions on types of beverages that could be purchased such as beer and wine, or limited the right to on-premise sales only, etc. As a result of these changes, there was a marked increase in car fatalities where young people and drinking was involved.

This patchwork of laws also led to problems at state borders, creating significant risk for teens that would drive to an adjacent state to obtain or consume alcohol.

For instance, Wisconsin allowed liquor sales to 18 year olds, and Illinois did not, and it is not uncommon to hear local adults tell stories, some tragic, of their youth and driving back and forth to Wisconsin to drink. Funding for highway construction was tied to compliance, providing a strong incentive, but the concern about teen drinking and driving was the most compelling reason for the change.

Some restrictions on rights, privileges, and accountability do vary by state or across the nation from 16-35; examples are the age one can rent a car 25age considered an adult in an arrest 17age of consent can marry, have sex—16 with permission, 18 withoutthe age one can run for the state legislature 18 to 21the age one can be held responsible for a contract 21age one can run for US elected positions House of Representatives, 25, Senate 30, President 35and so forth.

Some states, such as Ohio, allow alcohol consumption in establishments by minors when parents are present; most allow parents to serve alcohol to their children in their own homes. All states have penalties for fake id possession, sale, or use, and most consider this a felony.

Even so, many high school and college students report that they have a fake id for purposes of obtaining alcohol. Proposals to lower the legal drinking age for purchase or service, or for those under 21 in the military have been proposed in Vermont, Missouri, Minnesota, Kentucky, Wisconsin, and South Carolina each proposal is different. In 2004, John McCardell, former president of Middlebury College, spoke out about the problems of underage drinking and advocated lower the drinking age in his state and the country.

With the help of the Robertson Foundation, he formed Choose Responsibility in 2007, a non-profit group whose mission is to investigate the issue of youth and risky alcohol use, and more specifically, to promote consideration of lowering the drinking age.

McCardell argues that lowering the age will end covert and dangerous drinking. Other Countries There is little uniformity in the legal drinking age across the rest of the world.

Some countries have no law regarding the age one can purchase or consume alcohol; others allow use as early as 16. Few other countries have a legal drinking age of 21. US students frequently report no restrictions on obtaining alcohol in Mexico, for instance, even at 12-13 years of age. Despite the higher drinking age, the level of automobile crashes and fatalities related to drinking is higher in the US than other countries.

Drink Driving Essay

While the larger number of cars available to youth is a factor, another contributing factor is the higher BAC level allowed for drinking in the US vs. Binge drinking, among youth however, has been recorded at higher levels in many other countries than the US. The European An essay on the pros and cons of alcoholism Union http: Thus, early access to alcohol, and normalized use of alcohol in families and among youth has not appeared to lower the rate of binge drinking that is popular with youth people today.

Some countries are currently contemplating an increase in the drinking age to address the health issue of risky teen drinking, but there is strong opposition from youth and from the powerful liquor industry to do so.

This would be the case in the US as well, as sales to minors represents a significant portion of liquor sales in this country. Information about Local Youth and Drinking While college presidents have recently been the most vocal on the subject of underage drinking, most American youth start using alcohol well before moving on to college. Average age of first drink was 15 years of age, but over half of those who drink in high school indicated they started drinking before starting high school.

As well, they feel the adults around them do not feel that drinking is Very Wrong, either, once they reach the later years of high school. Most recent surveys, however, do indicate a decline in the past two years of drinking and risky binge drinking, a trend that in the long term has been seen across the country.

Arguments For Lowering the Drinking Age These are the arguments presented by those who favor a reduction in the drinking age and some questions we have regarding those arguments: Young people are still drinking despite the fact that this behavior is illegal; teens and many adults are ignoring the law.

  • Invest in harm reduction options that reduce drunk driving risks;
  • This argument has also been made about illicit drug legalization;
  • It is a concentrated source of calcium;
  • Persuasive essay on alcohol use this essay highlights many pros and cons of alcohol alcohol is many things to many people;
  • Studies on other kinds of cancer are ongoing but not yet conclusive;
  • Lowering the drinking age would be accompanied by other harmful behavior such as unplanned or unwanted sexual activity, violence, alcohol poisoning, etc.

Are the laws on the books being effectively enforced and supported by the community at large? Why are some towns able to get the community behind being tough on teen drinking and others are not? The age restriction makes underage drinking cool violating rules and makes teenagers more likely to do it. Removing the age restriction would no longer make drinking cool.

Since most of our high school students reach 18 while still in high school, would lowering the age make drinking cool and accessible for an even younger group, then? Is it socially responsible to take this risk?

  • Most recent surveys, however, do indicate a decline in the past two years of drinking and risky binge drinking, a trend that in the long term has been seen across the country;
  • When giving a persuasive speech on drunk driving, it is important to highlight the.

Would teens really change the way they socialize and stop drinking games and parties with drinking to get drunk because it is legal?

What evidence is there that this change would indeed occur? The law and fear of being caught creates covert drinking, and such secretive drinking makes it difficult for adults to know it is happening and help those with a problem.

Those who desire to get drunk are likely to still drink covertly even if access to alcohol is legal for them. Could the real reason kids drink heavily before going out be that they like themselves better and have more fun drunk than sober?

Alcoholism - Pros And Cons

How should we address this fundamental emotional health issue? How would the change in the law address this? If youth are allowed to make other choices, such as voting, going to war, getting married, then they should be given the choice to consume alcohol, too, even if it hurts them. Not all choices are available to youth who an essay on the pros and cons of alcoholism 18. Does a society have an obligation to limit the damage to a population through its laws?

Like prostitution, youth smoking, sex with minor, stealing, speeding? Is allowing young service personnel alcohol a good way to reward them for military service? Alcohol abuse is already a huge problem among military personnel. How would this help? What alternative support systems could be developed to address the issue? Would harsher laws about DUI be more effective at getting this message across?

Why do we have some of the weakest DUI laws in the world? The age limit restricts educators at high schools and colleges from directly addressing drinking and teaching responsible drinking—since such advice would appear to condone drinking. The majority of US colleges are already openly discussing moderate alcohol use and many require education programs for incoming students.

We should teach children to drink responsibly at a young age, while they are still at home. How can one justify alcohol use by a developing youth if the data shows that the substance is harmful e. Can you teach a teenager to have just one drink, or do they seek the effects that only larger amounts of alcohol provide? Prohibition restricted access to alcohol by adults, not youth, so is this a fair historical reference point?

By lowering the drinking age, adults could openly model responsible drinking in establishments and at parties and irresponsible behavior would be discouraged. Do all adults in drinking establishments model responsible drinking? Do kids generally attend parties with adults?

Persuasive speech alcohol

How would irresponsible drinking be enforced if no law exists? What proof is there that a license to drink would change the cultural norm of drinking heavily for fun? Reasons Not to Lower the Drinking Age These are reasons we have identified to oppose reduction of the drinking age.

Current scientific data has proven that alcohol, when consumed the in any amount, but especially at levels kids are using today, is damaging to the developing brain cognitively, emotionally, functionally. Permitting free access to alcohol for even younger youth goes counter to sound health practices, increases the risk of heavy use. The majority of high school seniors reach the age of 18 by senior year in high school; lowering the drinking age would pose significant risk to them and to their younger classmates and siblings and transfer an even larger problem to the high school community.

Would more kids drink if it were legal? Yes, we think so and history documents this. Furthermore, the levels of teen alcohol use since the drinking age was raised have steadily declined it is still dangerously high, however. Consumption of this substance at a young age would increase health risks, not decrease them. Would the resulting hike in youth deaths ever be worth it? Lowering the drinking age would be accompanied by other harmful behavior such as unplanned an essay on the pros and cons of alcoholism unwanted sexual activity, violence, alcohol poisoning, etc.

Data conclusively shows that the earlier kids start drinking, the higher the chance they will have a life long problem with alcohol, and the more quickly they will have the potential to become an alcoholic.

Again, lowering the age of legal drinking is forecast to increase the percentage of the population with life long alcohol problems, already a huge health issue for our country. It is true that students are drinking heavily before the legal age, but are the laws that we have on the books being enforced? Have we given our laws the chance to be successful in protecting us? Have we provided the support to our police departments to enforce the laws?

Changing the law to suit the residential population of those 18-20 does not serve the majority of this demographic group who are not residing in a resident college. The rest of this age group are driving, attending school but living off campus, are working, living at home or elsewhere outside of a potential support group. This argument has also been made about illicit drug legalization.

Until that social issue is addressed, changing the law is taking a huge leap of faith, fraught with risk. If colleges are the driving force behind changing the law, have they diligently applied all of the best practice programs currently recommended to curtail risky underage drinking before recommending giving up? Most admit they do not have the resources to do so, or the lack support on campus to do these things. Loss of federal funding, millions of dollars, would occur if states lower the drinking age.

This is unlikely to change given the preponderance of data supporting the health and safety benefits of a higher drinking age. Lowering the drinking age is being rationalized by some on the mistaken perception of the European model of early access to alcohol. Binge drinking in the European Union is significantly higher than the US. Changing a law that was justified as a protective measure because it is ignored is addressing the wrong side of the issue.

Yes, allowing flagrant disobedience creates disrespect for authority and our legal system. But taking the law away does not solve the problem that alcohol poses to our children and the community. Lowering the drinking age does not address the serious problem of alcohol abuse among those who are drinking legally on campus. Best Practice Programs to Reduce College Drinking There are several recommended approaches that have proven to reduce levels an essay on the pros and cons of alcoholism risky drinking on college campuses in the US.

Some of them are: Promotion of prevention programs before college. Data conclusively shows that most students are coming to college with drinking patterns in place. Communities must start prevention programs earlier and be more aggressive in order to change this cultural pattern.