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Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions 2 essay

Decisions have always been tough issues to tackle. Deciding what one wants to order from a menu, what kind of candy to choose, whose heart to break and whether or not war is wrong are all complex decisions in their own right.

How does one know whether reason or emotion is the compass from which to follow to make the right decisions? To examine this, an analysis of the role of reason and emotion is necessary. However, the issue often arises as to what, even with reason and emotion, is a right decision composed of.

Kant and Hume have independent views on the role of emotion and reason in making moral decisions and their opinions can, and are, extrapolated into science, politics and eventually into our own human perceptions. Instead of intertwining the two, the study of ethics has isolated reason from emotion which is ironic as both are necessary in making a solid moral decision. Reason has typically been interchangeable with logic in moral decisions. Reason is characterized by being the systematic comparisons of differing views and weighing out their consequences in relation to the moral dilemma at hand.

  • I evaluated the pros and cons of the situation and the effects of my decision;
  • In ethics of science moral dilemmas arise when discussing psychological research and testing involving human beings.

When, for example, I was deciding which high school to attend in grade 9, a clear logical approach was necessary. I evaluated the pros and cons of the situation and the effects of my decision. This situation is far from being a moral one- it is simply a question of attaining my right to education, not putting my right to education in question. If however, one examines the case of child labour, the right to education becomes a moral dilemma.

  • Decisions have always been tough issues to tackle;
  • This view is echoed by Emmanuel Kant who believed that reason can be the only factor in determining moral decisions[1];
  • Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions?
  • It could be fun to read and some help to current IB students;
  • Extracts from this document introduction theory of knowledge external assessment question 2:

A family in a developing nation has too many mouths to feed and not enough financial support so; they pull their oldest children out of school and send them off to work in horrendous conditions with negligible pay. Reason thus, in this sense, appeals to pleasing the greatest amount of people in the outcome of a moral decision, which rings true to the ideals of Utilitarianism.

In making moral decisions, emotions are valid determinates of human empathy. In moral dilemmas emotions provide justification as well as incentive for the result of moral decisions.

However, it is widely disputed as whether or not emotion can properly be used as a basis to form moral decisions. With emotion comes passion and bias which leads to making a, usually, selfish decision which strong sentiment.

Many argue that emotional decisions are rash and easily swayed.

ARE REASON AND EMOTION EQUALLY NECESSARY IN JUSTIFYING MORAL DECISIONS?

However, this view is based on western culture and its values. As a Western society, consistent with Ancient Greek philosophy, we believe that logical justification is necessary to make wise decisions- thus reason leads to knowledge.

This view is echoed by Emmanuel Kant who believed that reason can be the only factor in determining moral decisions[1]. In the previous example of child labour, it is clearly noticeable that reason lacks what emotion provides- the focus on the individual in making moral decisions.

Moral decisions themselves seem synonymous with conflicts of ethics. In ethics of science moral dilemmas arise when discussing psychological research and testing involving human beings.

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Being able to scare my subjects without subjecting them to intense emotional discomfort is a fine line to trod upon. However, these experiments themselves have significantly changed and improved the field of sociology and psychology.

Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions 2 essay

What then constitutes as making a proper moral decision? In various ways, reason and emotion are necessary for moral decisions. In war, the ultimate way of pitting humanity against humanity, moral decisions are either extremely dominant or completely ignored thus this provides an excellent subject of investigation.

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The politics behind war, such as strategic offenses and defenses as well as motives for the war itself, can either be extremely selfish or completely selfless. Selfish acts can easily be turned into selfless acts and vice versa.

Politicians can skew a completely selfish action into one which would benefit the masses. Most of these scenarios involve a calculated determinedness reason and the passion to execute it emotion. In the most obvious question of whether the killing in war is necessary or not, certain things need to be examined in context to emotion and reason.

Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions?

However, emotionally one must completely condition oneself to only focus on reason. The other view is that to kill someone one must be so nationalistic, passionate, and honourable that to do the act would seem glorifying.

These differing opinions, however, are not separate and must be conjoined for the act to be committed. The nationalism is derived from the propaganda of the country, the passion from the complete reluctance to acknowledge the act itself; therefore both emotion and reason are responsible for bringing the knowledge that killing is right.

It is, notably, widely unacceptable to kill. The main religions of Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism all maintain that killing is unacceptable. International Law decrees killing to be unacceptable, society believes it is unacceptable, in fact most human cultures believe killing is wrong.

Human perception of the effects of death and our own fear of death make for a strong emotional response to death. To come to either conclusion killing is right vs.

  1. Reason is our parts which works exactly like a computer, lists the facts and circumstances and finds out the best thing to do.
  2. Reason is our parts which works exactly like a computer, lists the facts and circumstances and finds out the best thing to do. Reason and emotion are both equally important in making moral decisions.
  3. In some Middle Eastern cultures and societies, killing women because of having sex with a man without marriage, sometimes even they have been raped is acceptable.
  4. To come to either conclusion killing is right vs. This could explain why doctors should avoid treating his friends and family.

Reason and emotion are both equally important in making moral decisions. Although the nature of the decision itself is vague and ambiguousreason and emotion provide the basis of the argument as to the decision itself and its effects.

Every individual carries their own personal baggage into their decision making process but ultimately it is reason and emotion which link us all together in the decision making process. Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions?