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Compare and contrast essay on mesopotamia and egypt

Comparing Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay Comparison between Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay Mesopotamia and Egypt were two civilizations that while similar in some ways, also had many differences.

  1. The Egyptians wrote their information on papyrus created from reeds. They believed that the gods created them, and they were also responsible for good harvests.
  2. Order now The ancient river-valley civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt share many similarities in their social, political, economic, intellectual, and cultural aspects, however, at the same time; both are very separate from one another. The name of their writing system, cuneiform, was named after the wedge shaped utensil.
  3. The differences in geography between the two civilizations led to the development of different writing technology.
  4. You can order a custom essay on Mesopotamia and Egypt now!
  5. Although different in many aspects of life, there are also several similarities between the two civilizations. Egyptians were so enthralled with afterlife that they created small tunnels within the pyramids just big enough to allow only the spirit access in and out of burial chambers.

Not only did they differ in the geographical layout of the civilization, but also in many aspects of basic life. Although different in many aspects of life, there are also several similarities between the two civilizations.

Compare and Contrast Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay

Mesopotamia was originally focused in the river-valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, but the civilization eventually spread throughout an entire region. The Mesopotamia culture was affected by the erratic and sometimes destructive flooding from the two rivers.

Comparison between Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay

In contrast, the Egyptian civilization remained focused on the Nile River and the surrounding deserts. The Egyptian culture viewed the Nile River as a source of unending bounty to be received with thanks, not as a menacing cause of floods. Unlike Mesopotamia, Egypt moved almost directly from the pre-civilization state to a civilization ruled by a large government without passing through the city-state phase.

  • Mesopotamia and Egypt were different with their achievements, because over time they gained knowledge of things that helped their civilizations, and helped them adapt to their environment;
  • Mesopotamia and Egypt were both intellectually similar, because they both had a written language forming;
  • Egyptians were so enthralled with afterlife that they created small tunnels within the pyramids just big enough to allow only the spirit access in and out of burial chambers;
  • Comparing Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay Comparison between Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay Mesopotamia and Egypt were two civilizations that while similar in some ways, also had many differences.

Because the culture was unified around the Nile river, the authoritarian government in Egypt had fewer problems with its political structure than did Mesopotamia. Because it was considered to b a city-state, Mesopotamian provided the opportunity for councils and other participatory government structures.

  • They made board games, and other fun activities;
  • Now that Mesopotamia and Egypt were more technologically advanced, they both built religious structures;
  • Science in the Egyptian civilization was based on mathematics and astronomy, and was less advanced than the science of Mesopotamia.

Egyptian culture was influenced to some degree by Mesopotamia, Egypt separated from Mesopotamia in many ways other than politics. The Sumerian cuneiform alphabet developed by Mesopotamia was not accepted by the Egyptians; instead, they developed the hieroglyphic alphabet.

  • Unlike Mesopotamia, Egypt moved almost directly from the pre-civilization state to a civilization ruled by a large government without passing through the city-state phase;
  • They were both polytheistic, meaning they believed their world was ruled by more than one god.

In both Mesopotamia and Egypt, the system of writing was complex and therefore mainly used by the upper classes. Through the development of the papyrus, the Egyptians were able to reduce the cost of the writing materials and it developed extensive record keeping practices.

Egypt, did not however establish the epic literary tradition that was prevalent in Mesopotamia.

  1. The purpose of mummification was to maintain the human structure as much as possible, in order for the spirit to find its way back to its body. The differences in geography between the two civilizations led to the development of different writing technology.
  2. The Egyptians also made important advances in medicine, some of which were passed to the Greeks and then to the Middle Eastern and European civilizations.
  3. They believed that the gods created them, and they were also responsible for good harvests.
  4. These similarities were due to the basic society that Mesopotamia laid down for Egypt to later build off on; the plain and simple ideas that were adopted to the need of the civilization came from Mesopotamia.
  5. Egyptian culture was influenced to some degree by Mesopotamia, Egypt separated from Mesopotamia in many ways other than politics. Through the development of the papyrus, the Egyptians were able to reduce the cost of the writing materials and it developed extensive record keeping practices.

Science in the Egyptian civilization was based on mathematics and astronomy, and was less advanced than the science of Mesopotamia.

Egypt was first to establish the calendar of the solar year.

Compare and Contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia Essay

The Egyptians used a calendar based on the natural cycles and it suggests that they were trying to predict the cycle of Nile flooding. The Egyptians also made important advances in medicine, some of which were passed to the Greeks and then to the Middle Eastern and European civilizations.

Compare and contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia Essay

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