Homeworks academic service


Essay on energy crisis in pakistan 2018

Share Energy Crisis in Pakistan In present era of industrialization and technological advancement energy sector has gained prime importance for every country. All countries are in unremitting struggle to fulfill their energy needs and to explore more reservoirs.

Energy crisis

New strategies are being devised and successful planning is being done to satiate the hunger for power. Unfortunately Pakistan is lagging behind in this race. We are facing the worst energy crisis of our history in present years. Long hours of load shedding have crippled industrial progress and badly affected just about every segment of society. Essay on energy crisis in pakistan 2018 is not that Pakistan is devoid of energy resources, rather the crisis is a result of poor management and criminal negligence of this important domain of life.

Pakistan is facing governance problem right from the beginning. Unstable political system and weak democratic institutions resulted in the development of policies which serve the cause of ruling elite rather than national interest. Moreover politicization of projects of national interest like Kala Bagh Dam has further aggravated the power crisis. Energy crisis in Pakistan is outcome of multidimensional reasons.

Most important is increasing dependence of power sector on thermal power generation. Rising oil prices has burdened the power sector with huge loans. Government debts to oil companies regularly fluctuates to around 400 billion. Consequently, power plants are working below their capacity owing to insufficiency of fuel.

Alternate to this source is hydel power generation. It is economical and much efficient source of power, but unfortunatelycurrent hydel power projects are not sufficient to meet the ever rising demand. There is a need to develop new reservoirs for generation of electricity, but as stated earlier such projects have become highly politicised.

Moreover, it require considerable time and resources to complete such projects. So we are unable to get benefit of this cheaper source of energy. Other forms of renewable energy sources like solar, wind and nuclear are also being neglected. All this has led to the energy crisis which we are facing now. Energy crisis has severely affected our economy. Industrial sector has crippled: Before analyzing the energy crisis in Pakistan first we discuss the important forms of energy in the world and present scenario of global energy consumption.

Sources of energy can be broadly classified into two categories i. Former include the cheaper resources like water, solar energy, wind energy which are non polluting and can be utilized again and again. Latter are fossil fuels, hydrocarbon compounds like crude oil, natural gas and coal, which have polluting tendency and are continuously being depleted due to excessive usage.

  1. Pakistan should also aim to attract a more geographically diverse set of foreign investors. Pakistan is facing governance problem right from the beginning.
  2. Latter are fossil fuels, hydrocarbon compounds like crude oil, natural gas and coal, which have polluting tendency and are continuously being depleted due to excessive usage.
  3. By adopting water conservation measures and betterment of irrigation system, consumption of electricity and diesel oil to run tube wells can be minimised.
  4. First and foremost solution to this worsening crisis is effective and proper utilization of hydroelectric powers projects. Energy crisis in Pakistan is outcome of multidimensional reasons.

At the world level, most of countries are dependent on non-renewable resources for their energy demands. As these resources are being depleted due to excessive usage, resultantly demand-supply gap is widening and nations are worried about these depleting reservoirs. Crude oil is a major source of energy throughout the world for industrial and other sectors.

According to a recent study present global demand of oil stands at 91 million barrels per day but the supply is much less i. Demand is increasing at the rate of 1. It is estimated that by 2030, the demand will be exceeded further by 125 Million barrels a day. Total oil reservoirs in the world are estimated to be 1900 billion barrels.

Saudi Arabia is sitting on the largest reservoirs of 262 billion barrels, Canada is second with 178 bb while Iran ranks third in row with 133 bb.

Solutions of Current Energy Crisis for Pakistan

These major oil reservoirs are almost 30 years old on average and out of total 1900 bb, 850 bb in expected to be utilized by next 15 years. Another important natural reservoir which is being rapidly utilized in the world is natural gas. Discovered natural gas reservoirs in the world are about 6112 trillion cubic ft. Russia is at the top of the list with 1680 trillion cubic ft, Iran is second with 971 trillion cubic ft and Essay on energy crisis in pakistan 2018 follows Iran with 911 trillion cubic ft.

Rising demand of natural gas like crude oil due to rapid industrial and economic growth has also posed the risk of depletion of this important natural reservoir. Hence at the world level nations are trying to exploit other resources like coal and developing power plants to utilize cheaper, renewable energy resources like hydel, nuclear, wind and solar energy. Now we will briefly discuss the power generation capacity and power plants in Pakistan.

Major share of electricity in Pakistan is given by thermal and hydel sectors. Other sources include nuclear and renewable sources like solar and tidal energy with little contribution. Total installation capacity in Pakistan is 20,000 MW.

Energy crisis in pakistan essay

Hydel power is second major, but not a properly exploited energy resource. Tarbela Dam, Ghazi Brotha hydel power project and Mangla dam on river are largest source of hydel energy. Nuclear power sector is another contributor of electricity to national grid, but it has a minor share. Smallest contribution of energy comes from renewable sources of energy and this is the factor behind the power crisis engulfing Pakistan.

In late 80 and early 90s total installation capacity was 10800 MW. Robust economic growth in this era resulted in power shortage and a shortfall of 2000 Mw.

The shortage was success fully overcome by power friendly policy and power was also in excess due to declining economic and industrial growth in South Asia. Industrial sector was given due importance.

Rapid industrialization and robust economic growth increased power demand, which caused shortfall and its severe impact was started to be felt in 2007. Domestic sector is major consumer of electricity in our densely populated areas. As a result of which domestic consumption was raised. According to estimates in fiscal years 2005-06, use of Air essay on energy crisis in pakistan 2018 were increased massively and an additional 2250 MW was required to run domestic appliances.

This sudden rise in power demands further added to worsening energy crises. Moreover, electricity theft is a major contributor to power crisis in Sub-Continent.

Both in large industrial units and domestic sector people manage to get electricity by unlawful means with the help of meter readers. Rising shortfall clearly depicts that our energy generation capacity is much less than the demand. One of the major reasons is that our energy production is mainly from thermal sector, which require fossil fuels for its preparation.

Recent hike in oil prices has worsened our energy crisis. Government is unable to pay high cost of oil to state owned oil companies.

As a result of which thermal power stations are working much below than their original capacity due to shortage of oil. Moreover political interference, red-tapism and bureaucratic hurdles have reduced the efficiency of these state owned institutions.

Resultantly thermal power sector is working much below its installed capacity.

  • Nuclear power sector is another contributor of electricity to national grid, but it has a minor share;
  • Pakistan is unfortunate to;
  • Energy generators, distributors, and transmitters lack funds;
  • Economic sector is badly influenced by power shortage;
  • Existing power structure needs due attention regarding it maintenance.

Hydroelectric power sector is perhaps the most neglected sector. Pakistan has capacity to generate 40000 MW from this sector but only getting 6500 MW due to lack of physical infrastructure.

Storage reservoirs in our country are not sufficient to meet power demands. Other dams are also facing financial and administrative hurdles in their construction. Due to lack of these storage reservoirs most of the water which can be utilized for power generation and agriculture go unabated to sea. Pakistan utilised about 145 MAF water from Indus river system annually, rest in wasted. Another failure in this important power essay on energy crisis in pakistan 2018 is mismanagement of existing storage reservoirs.

Non exploitation of natural resources and neglecting the renewable energy resource is perhaps single most important factor worsening power crises of our country.

Pakistan has largest coal reservoirs of about 185 in tons, which if utilized have power generating to 400 Billion Barrels of oil. Increased utilization of natural gas for thermal power generation is rapidly depleting its resource and presently we are facing worst crisis of natural gas. Transport sector is getting badly affected due to this shortage. If these coal reserves are properly utilized and exploited, the depletion of resources of natural gas can be supplemented.

Other unexploited energy resources are renewable resources like solar energy and wind energy. Pakistan in considered to be one of few countries in the world which receive 16hrs sun light on average.

Energy Crises in Pakistan- CSS Essay

According to an estimate we can generate 100,000MW of electricity if solar energy is used. Another major contributor can be tidal energy.

  1. In order to cover every region, government has to initiate long distance transmission networks so increased financial burdens on power distribution companies and transmission losses due to haphazard distribution system are adding to our power woes. Revised in June 2014.
  2. That, however, would be a big mistake.
  3. By closure of industrial units and less agricultural productivity, new employment opportunities ceased to exist and already employed manpower is shredded by the employers to increase their profit ratios.
  4. Some Western companies, citing electricity deficits, have suspended operations in Pakistan.

Pakistan has one of largest coastal belts in the world, which has potential to generate about 40000 MW. Rapid population growth and resultantly increase power demand is another cause of energy problem. Rapid population growth of 2. In order to cover every region, government has to initiate long distance transmission networks so increased financial burdens on power distribution companies and transmission losses due to haphazard distribution system are adding to our power woes.

Power shortage resulting from all these reasons has adversely effected our national interest major sectors of national development have been failed and country in facing worst economic crisis of its history. Impacts of this national disaster are summarized in fallowing paragraphs.

Economic sector is badly influenced by power shortage. According to an estimate power crisis is causing a loss of 200 billion annually. Industrial sector is major contributor of economy. But it has almost collapsed due to power crisis. Textile industry in Faisalabad which was once called Manchester of Pakistan is badly affected.

Out of 400 major textile units about 150 have been closed. Industrialists are planning to shift their plants to Bangladesh for favourable business environment.

Energy Crisis in Pakistan:Solutions

About 400000 labourers have become unemployed. As a result of which unemployment and poverty rates are climbing high.