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Essay on first aid for illness and injury

Introduction to First Aid Not a day goes by that there is not some potential for injury, illness, or sudden health emergency to occur in the places where we live, work, learn, and play. While many of these situations require no more than a Band-Aid, others are more serious and may even be life-threatening. More importantly, it can save a life. Who Should Know First Aid? First aid instruction is usually required for those in certain professions, such as nurses, teachers, and law enforcement officers.

But anyone can and should learn first aid skills. The American Red Cross, the American Heart Association, and several other agencies provide first aid courses in locations throughout the nation. Before taking a first aid course, it is a good idea to think about what personal qualities are useful when responding to a possible medical emergency.

Safety, Health and Wellbeing

You need to be able to remain calm in an intense situation, and to assist the victim to remain calm. You must have good observational skills, both to assess what you need to do to assure your own safety during an emergency situation and to quickly assess the medical situation. It is also good to be methodical. You must be able to prioritize steps in each situation and then follow through until medical help arrives.

Check the scene for danger to yourself and others. Do not proceed if your safety is at risk. If the scene is safe, evaluate the medical condition of the ill or injured person.

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Do not move the individual unless you must do so to protect him or her from danger. Call for medical help if appropriate. Ask a nearby person to call 911, or make the call yourself if you are alone. Care for the injured person. Remain with the victim until medical help arrives.

Offer reassurance to help the person stay calm. Treat immediate life-threatening problems, such as: Common First Aid Situations Bleeding If possible, cover wounds with clean bandages, and then apply direct pressure to the wound to control bleeding. Shock Symptoms of shock typically include pale, bluish skin that is cold to the touch, vomiting, and thirst.

You cannot reverse shock with first aid, but you can prevent it from getting worse.

  • Whilst the University of the Sunshine Coast is not responsible for providing first aid to non-University tenants in University-owned buildings, a first aid officer should be prepared to render first aid if called upon to attend an emergency in a tenanted area;
  • If you are alone with an adult victim, call immediately, even if you must leave the victim;
  • The role of the first aid officer is to initiate;
  • Eyes - Are they open spontaneously?
  • This means that the victim is alert at this time.

Prevent loss of body heat by covering the victim in blankets. Do not administer any food or liquids, as this increases risk for vomiting. If the victim is not breathing, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR until help arrives. Choking If the victim is choking, perform the Heimlich Maneuver until the object is dislodged.

The operator will give you instructions while you wait for emergency care to arrive. Non Life-Threatening Injuries In cases where injuries are minor, try to keep the victim calm and stable while you await medical care.

Administering basic first aid can help stabilize injuries and reduce pain in the meantime: Apply cold packs to bone or muscle injuries, but be careful not to move the victim to avoid further injury.

Control minor bleeding by applying pressure to the wound. Pour cool, clean water over the burns and cover with dry, clean dressings or cloth. Do not try to remove peeling skin or apply any creams or salves to the burned area. To avoid illness or injury when administering first aid care: Always assess the scene of an accident to ensure conditions are safe Wear protective equipment, such as latex gloves or breathing barriers when possible Avoid direct contact with blood or other bodily fluids Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after providing care Medically reviewed by George Krucik, MD on July 17, 2014 — Written by Linda Hepler, RN related stories.