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Implementation of the library management system technology essay

Lack of hardware and software 18. Lack of electronic resources 19. Lack of operating fund 20. Issue of designing hypermedia for learning 21. Inadequate number of printed books 22.

High cost of electronic publication 23. The research articles on library management focusing on various organizational issues, changes and challenges due to emerging information technology are reviewed in the following section.

Paul 1988 explained new organizational structure for academic libraries and also suggested some innovative strategies that academic librarian should adopt to face the challenges encountered due to information technology. Hipsman 1996 emphasized on strategic planning for the implementation of rapidly changing information technology. Strategic planning allows libraries to evaluate their role within the community they serve and community demands.

The detailed examination of fundamental qualities of libraries and recent changes in information management was also discussed in the article. Seetharama 1998 gave the brief account of standards to be maintained in the library. The study also deals with the standards of information sources, library and information services, manpower, furniture and equipment, building, finance and information technology. Jeevans 2000 pointed out the well tried and tested method of public relation used by libraries including new media, print and audio video material.

The need of public relation in libraries, continuous education programs and conferences should emerge out for successful introduction and implementation of information technology. The proper identification of strength and weaknesses along with opportunity and threats were carried out in advance then impact of information technology on libraries will be as per the expectations.

Singh 2004 has expressed the opinion that in-house data entry in the library implementation of the library management system technology essay fastest, reliable and cheapest. Having created database, it monument is also essential. He has stated that database management is very important function in the library.

If the library database is not properly handled and maintained the library services will go haywire. Further, he illustrates the policies and a procedure for management of data is a strategic resource of the library.

This amounts to collection, storage and dissemination of all type of data in such a manner that the data becomes a standardised resource available to all end users.

Langley et al 2005 elaborates the importance of managing files by giving dates to documents, keep working documents together, not to discard any files prematurely or delete any unwanted items prematurely. He focuses attention towards managing e-mails by copying it, deleting useless messages, use of folders and archiving e-mail. Further, he explains the importance of computer file management by placing documents in proper folder, giving proper file names and sorting the files by dates.

Venkatarama 2007 has briefly discussed the use of information technology in libraries, its functions, roles and strategies needed for managing change in libraries like organizational environment, top management support, leadership financial, information resources, staff and users. He has also suggested that change has to be managed more positively and strategically to derive maximum benefit for new opportunities.

The reviews of articles by different researchers on library technology are surveyed here. Jain and Rai 1997 noted that combination of Department electronics, planning commission, University Grant Commission towards modernization of libraries was very important. Sharma 1998 gave exploratory discussion on information technology, academic library and human resource development.

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The studies continue further to state that information technology involves computers electronic media, satellite, telecommunication and storage devices. The suggestion for human recourse development was is conduct workshops, seminars, conferences and refresher courses regularly for those who were engaged in IT environment in libraries.

Shephered 2000 gave an account implementation of the library management system technology essay change caused by library automation. The analysis further state that the information and communication technology as applied in the academic libraries as to undergo continuously organization change, social change and technological change. Rockman 2002 mention that libraries must transform the way they think and take strong leadership role in its planning efforts, further suggested important networks and portals for academic libraries.

Parida 2004 studied in detailed the telecommunication and noted that telecommunication technology forwarded new horizon for communication in 21st century. According to the researchers is an orgnisation communication may have number of direction including upward, downward, lateral and diagonal.

The study also experts to access large number of database through national and international computer networks. The database may include abstracts of journals subject wise articles either abstracts or full text, full text version of newspaper, software, reference books, readers guide and so on.

Lahiri and Sundersingh 2004 presented the trends in library network development in India. The objective of the study was to provide access to a wider base of information resources. To nationalize acquisition and to optimize utilization of information resource, to promote and support adoption of standard in operations, to improve the efficiency of library housekeeping operations, to established link between various national and international network, to generate new services and to improve the efficiency of existing services.

The author also pointed out that the factor responsible for development of library and information network in India includes working group of planning commission on modernization of library services and information for 7thfive-year plan. The national policy of library and information system, the national policy on university libraries, and the UGC reports on information system for science and technology.

Many researchers have also given the importance to library staff training for the efficient service and administration of library. The articles related to such study are reviewed as follows. Macleod and Chiware 1993 gave emphasis on study of information technology in academic libraries of developing countries.

The study gives priority to the adequate training to librarians so as to access the opportunities extended by computerization in library operations. The study continues to give the suggestion that certain training programme must be conducted in all academic libraries.

To support the suggestion, article also focuses the several training porgrammes conducted by Botswana University library. Kirkpatrick 1998 illustrated that Minnesota state college and university system conducts training of academic library staff on information technology.

The survey based article also conclude that the common training programme conducted were either workshop or at individual level. Whereas rigorous instructional and electronic mail workshop were relatively rare.

To overcome the lacuna present in the suggestion of the author was to organize library staff training previous levels. The study also gave a proposal to provide standard data formats and guideline preparation of database, organization of short term training programmes and workshops, use of integrated library management softwares, retrospective catalogue conversion to digital code, annual convention of library and information professional.

Mangla 1998 gave the detailed overview of National policies on libraries information system and services in India. The study also gives the importance to well trained professionals to plan and administered the information technology environment.

Many courses on information and telemetics, national level workshops and conferences and continuing educational programmes were also conducted by various organizations. All these activities were aimed to keep the library professionals up to date in various aspects of information field. Kumarsen 2002 discussed areas of quality training for library and information professionals. His focus is on adequate training and exposure on computerized data processing, online data services and handling all other information implementation of the library management system technology essay gadgets.

He has explored various area which planning new services and enhancing the existing services using IT, hardware and software selection for the library to provide such services, networking and network based services availability of information through network based resources.

Many researchers have made the study of library professional interacting with information technology environment. The present section deals with the review of articles in this area. Parekh 1997 elaborated the efforts being made in training of information personnel.

The researcher also identified the major challenges in the related area. Academic Staff College also places an important role in organizing the refresher for college librarians. According to the opinion of researcher number of opportunity may be available to library professional to develop information product like bibliographies, in house database, OPAC, text files and home pages.

Singh 1998 made special attempts to asses and evaluate human resource management in the academic libraries of Lucknow. The study also gives special focus on the impact of information technology on human resources. The concluding remarks states that library staff has number of opportunity for their career growth and development. The performance appraisal and job satisfaction of the library staff was also another issue discussed in the article.

A review of employee management systems information technology essay

Shridhar 2004 listed various skills required for library professional to work in the electronic environment. The skill includes operational skill, knowledge of software and telecommunication products, DBMS and file management, digital organization of data, indexing and browsing techniques, information processing and retrieval. The researcher also gave emphasis on managerial skill to library professional for effective information management.

Rajalakshmi 2004 observed that in developing country like India less than 50 per cent libraries have dual source of information namely printed and electronic. The issue of increasing number of sources and the need for optimal use of online information retrieval, demands proper training to library professionals. According to the researcher the rained library professional can contribute to make available the right information in the right format to right user at right time.

Satpathy 2004 covers the issue of professional up gradation for digital environment though human resource planning in academic libraries of Orissa.

  1. Technology as the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware the relevance of information technology in business essay the relevance of information technology in.
  2. The study also gave a proposal to provide standard data formats and guideline preparation of database, organization of short term training programmes and workshops, use of integrated library management softwares, retrospective catalogue conversion to digital code, annual convention of library and information professional.
  3. Having created database, it monument is also essential. Many big libraries in the world are bringing their collection in multimedia forms, in order to make the teaching learning process more effective.

The article also covers discussion on digital environment as a driving force for the need of profession up gradation. Environment changes in library require professional trends, technological advances and influence of both on library development. The need of continued education programme for up gradation of library professional was also discussed in the article. Patel and Naidu 2005 rightly pointed out the role of librarian in the changing scenario of knowledge management. The researcher further gave certain motivation theories and major for the library professional.

As training is expected for effective implementation of information technology it must be given to both library staff and users.

Many researchers also contributed their study towards user training following section deals with article related to user training. Dennis and Harrington 1990 showed that library staff faculty member differ in using information technology. From user point of view many academic libraries have extended bibliographic instructions to their online catalogue. The study also suggests that user training is must efficient and effective use of library services. Faber 1995 commented on library and under graduate education.

The advances in information technology have facilitated searching information to the great extent. There by librarians have to reconsider their role.

It was a need of time that librarians should took implementation of the library management system technology essay appropriate major for user training. Bodi 1998 attached ethical role to librarians in changing environment in library, to help student to use electronic resources.

Study also put forth four principles guide students while using information technology namely respect for ownership, respect for the right to privacy, respect for social responsibilities and self-respect.

Business applications of information systems information technology essay

Kibirige an Depalo 2001 strongly suggested the need to develop user training programme that must have covered various types of digital data collections, hardware and software requirement its interface telecommunication access various communication modes and containing education programmes.

Bracke and Critz 2001 deal with survey of users in science and engineering library. The researcher was also of opinion that user training was necessary to use library resources. The researchers have suggested teaching strategies including class room instruction, web brows instruction, and information literacy instruction.