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John locke essay concerning human understanding quotes

Quotes[ edit ] There cannot any one moral Rule be propos'd, whereof a Man may not justly demand a Reason. But there is only one thing which gathers people into seditious commotion, and that is oppression. To love truth for truth's sake is the principal part of human perfection in this worldand the seed-plot of all other virtues.

Near this place lieth John Locke. If you ask what kind of a man he was, he answers that he lived content with his own small fortune. Bred a scholar, he made his learning subservient only to the cause of truth. This thou will learn from his writings, which will show thee everything else concerning him, with greater truth, than the suspect praises of an epitaph. His virtues, indeed, if he had any, were too little for him to propose as matter of praise to himself, or as an example to thee.

Let his vices be buried together. As to an example of manners, if you seek that, you have it in the Gospels; of vices, to wish you have one nowhere; if mortality, certainly, and may it profit theethou hast one here and everywhere. Epitaph, as translated from the Latin. This is that which I think great readers are apt to be mistaken in; those who have read of everything, are thought to understand everything too; but it is not always so.

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Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. As quoted in "Hand Book: Discourse of Port de Set with P. Nulla fides servanda cum Hereticis, nisi satis validi sunt ad se defendendos [faith need not be kept with heretics]. Journal entry 25 January 1676quoted in John Lough ed. An Essay on Toleration 1667quoted in Mark Goldie ed.

Political Essays Cambridge University Press, 1997pp. Popery so threatens and so nearly surrounds us. I think all Protestants ought now by all ways to be stirred up against them [Catholics] as People that have declared themselves ready by blood, violence, and destruction to ruine our Religion and Government. May 1681quoted in John Marshall, John Locke: Two Treatises of Government. Let us owne King William to be our King by right.

They who would not betray England and expose it to popish rage and revenge, who have any regard to their country, their religion, their consciences, and their estates, must maintain the bulwarke have set up against it, and which alone preserves us against a more violent inundation of all sorts of misery than that we were soe lately delivered from. Letter to Edward Clarke c.

An Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1689 [ edit ] The necessity of believing without knowledgenay often upon very slight grounds, in this fleeting state of action and blindness we are in, should make us more busy and careful to inform ourselves than constrain others. There is reason to think, that, if men were better instructed themselves, they would be less imposing on others.

There are very few lovers of truthfor truth's sake, even amongst those who persuade themselves that they are so. New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common.

Dedicatory epistle I have always thought the actions of men the best interpreters of their thoughts. The actions of men are the best john locke essay concerning human understanding quotes of their thoughts.

Essay concerning human understanding john locke quotes

There cannot any one moral Rule be propos'd, whereof a Man may not justly demand a Reason. Such are usually the prejudices imbibed from educationparty, reverence, fashioninterest, et cetera.

The necessity of believing without knowledgenay often upon very slight grounds, in this fleeting state of action and blindness we are in, should make us more busy and careful to inform ourselves than constrain others. At least, those who have not thoroughly examined to the bottom all their own tenets, must confess they are unfit to prescribe to others; and are unreasonable in imposing that as truth on other men's belief, which they themselves have not searched into, nor weighed the arguments of probability, on which they should receive or reject it.

John Locke

Those who have fairly and truly examined, and are thereby got past doubt in all the doctrines they profess and govern themselves by, would have a juster pretence to require others to follow them: For he that loves it not, will not take much pains to get it; nor be much concerned when he misses it. There is nobody in the commonwealth of learning who does not profess himself a lover of truth: And yet, for all this, one may truly say, that there are very few lovers of truth, for truth's sake, even amongst those who persuade themselves that they are so.

How a man may know whether he be so in earnest, is worth inquiry: Whoever goes beyond this measure of assent, it is plain receives not the truth in the love of it; loves not truth for truth's sake, but for some other bye-end. Of Enthusiasm Chapter added in the fourth edition. Variant paraphrase, sometimes cited as a direct quote: As paraphrased in Peter's Quotations: Ideas for our Time 1979 by Laurence J. Science as a Candle in the Dark 1994 by Carl Saganp.

Freedom of Nature is, to be under no other restraint but the Law john locke essay concerning human understanding quotes Nature. The imagination is always restless and suggests a variety of thoughtsand the willreason being laid aside, is ready for every extravagant project; and in this State, he that goes farthest out of the way, is thought fittest to lead, and is sure of most followers: And when Fashion hath once Established, what Folly or craft began, Custom makes it Sacred, and 'twill be thought impudence or madness, to contradict or question it.

He that will impartially survey the Nations of the Worldwill find so much of the GovernmentsReligionand Manners brought in and continued amongst them by these means, that they will have but little Reverence for the Practices which are in use and credit amongst Men.

First Treatise of Government To understand political power aright, and derive from it its original, we must consider what estate all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of Naturewithout asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man.

Second Treatise of Government, Ch.

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And upon this is grounded the great law of Nature, "Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed. Second Treatise of Civil Government, Ch. Thus no Body has any Right to but himself.

John Locke ~ major works

For in all the states of created beings, capable of laws, where there is no law there is no freedom. They are ready to tell you that it deserves death only to ask after safety.

Betwixt subject and subject, they will grant, there must be measures, laws, and judges for their mutual peace and security. But as for the ruler, he ought to be absolute, and is above all such circumstances; because he has a power to do more hurt and wrong, it is right when he does it. To ask how you may be guarded from or injury on that side, where the strongest hand is to do it, is presently the voice of faction and rebellion.

This is to think that men are so foolish that they take care to avoid what mischiefs may be done them by polecats or foxes, but are content, nay, think it safety, to be devoured by lions. The people have no other remedy in this, as in all other cases where they have no judge on earth, but to appeal to heaven: And where the body of the people, or any single man, is deprived john locke essay concerning human understanding quotes their right, or is under the exercise of a power without right, and have no appeal on earth, then they have a liberty to appeal to heaven, whenever they judge the cause of sufficient moment.

And therefore, though the people cannot be judge, so as to have, by the constitution of that society, any superior power, to determine and give effective sentence in the case; yet they have, by a law antecedent and paramount to all positive laws of men, reserved that ultimate determination to themselves which belongs to all mankind, where there lies no appeal on earth, viz.

And this judgment they cannot part with, it being out of a man's power so to submit himself to another, as to give him a liberty to destroy him; God and nature never allowing a man so to abandon himself, as to neglect his own preservation: Nor let any one think, this lays a perpetual foundation for disorder; for this operates not, till the inconveniency is so great, that the majority feel it, and are weary of it, and find a necessity to have it amended. But this the executive power, or wise princes, never need come in the danger of: As usurpation is the exercise of power which another has a right to, so tyranny is the exercise of power beyond right, which nobody can have john locke essay concerning human understanding quotes right to.

Second Treatise of Government, Sec. That force is to be opposed to nothing, but to unjust and unlawful force. Whoever makes any opposition in any other case, draws on himself a just condemnation, both from God and man… Second Treatise of Government, Ch. A sound mind in a sound body, is a short but full description of a happy state in this world.

  • On such a theory what the mind immediately perceives are ideas, and the ideas are caused by and represent the objects which cause them;
  • JOHN LOCK, Letters Concerning Toleration 8 likes like The reservedness and distance that fathers keep, often deprive their sons of that refuge which would be of more advantage to them than an hundred rebukes or chidings;
  • If there were no such constraints there could be no archetype;
  • Locke rejects a variety of aspects of this doctrine;
  • The statutes of Christ Church laid it down that fifty five of the senior studentships should be reserved for men in orders or reading for orders;
  • Second Treatise on Civil Government, ch.

When constant custom has made any one thing easy and natural to 'em, and they practice it without reflection, you may then go on to another. Maxima debetur pueris reverentia [The greatest respect is owed to the children]. Here Locke quotes Juvenal You must do nothing before him, which you would not have him imitate. If any thing escape you, which you would have pass as a fault in him, he will be sure to shelter himself under your example, and shelter himself so as that it will not be easy to come at him, to correct it in him the right way.

Whatever is so proposed, presently becomes irksome; the mind takes an aversion to it, though before it were a thing of delight or indifferency. Let a child but be ordered to whip his top at a certain time every day, whether he has or has not a mind to it; let this be but requir'd of him as a duty, wherein he must spend so many hours morning and afternoon, and see whether he will not soon be weary of any play at this rate.

Is it not so with grown men?

  • In advocating a kind of education that made people who think for themselves, Locke was preparing people to effectively make decisions in their own lives—to engage in individual self-government—and to participate in the government of their country;
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When I say, therefore, that they must be treated as rational creatures, I mean that you must make them sensible, by the mildness of your carriage, and in the composure even in the correction of them, that what you do is reasonable in you, and useful and necessary for them; and that it is not out of caprichiopassion or fancy, that you command or forbid them any thing.

Much less are children capable of reasonings from remote principles. They cannot conceive the force of long deductions. The reasons that move john locke essay concerning human understanding quotes must be obvious, and level to their thoughts, and such as may be felt and touched.

But yet, if their age, temper, and inclination be consider'd, they will never want such motives as may be sufficient to convince them. He should be prepared to be shocked by some, and caress'd by others; warned who are like to oppose, who to mislead, who to undermine him, and who to serve him.

He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings. By this, the father will gain two things, both of great moment.

The sooner you treat him as a man, the sooner he will begin to be one; and if you admit him into serious discourses sometimes john locke essay concerning human understanding quotes you, you will insensibly raise his mind above the usual amusements of youth, and those trifling occupations which it is commonly wasted in.

For it is easy to observe, that many young men continue longer in thought and conversation of school-boys than otherwise they would, because their parents keep them at that distance, and in that low rank, by all their carriage to them.

The one sets the thoughts upon wit and false colours, and not upon truth; the other teaches fallacywrangling, and opiniatry; and they are both of them things that spoil the judgment, and put a man out of the way of right and fair reasoning; and therefore carefully to be avoided by one who would improve himself, and be acceptable to others.

For as these are different in him, so are your methods to be different, and your authority must hence take measures to apply itself different ways to him.

These native propensities, these prevalencies of constitution, are not to be cur'd by rules, or a direct contest, especially those of them that are the humbler or meaner sort, which proceed from fear, and lowness of spirit: But this be sure, after all is done, the bypass will always hang on that side that nature first plac'd it: And if you carefully observe the characters of his mind, now in the first scenes of his life, you will ever after be able to judge which way his thoughts lean, and what he aims at even hereafter, when, as he grows up, the plot thickens, and he puts on several shapes to act it.

They would have propriety and possession, pleasing themselves with the power which that seems to give, and the right that they thereby have, to dispose of them as they please. He that has not observ's these two humours working very betimes in children, has taken little notice of their actions: And he who thinks that these two roots of almost all the injustice and contention that so disturb human life, are not early to be weeded out, and contrary habits introduc'd, neglects the proper season to lay the foundations of a good and worthy man.

The pains of sickness and hurts, hunger, thirst, and cold, want of sleep and rest or relaxation of the part weary'd with labour, are what all men feel and the best dispos'd minds cannot but be sensible of their uneasiness; and therefore ought, by fit applications, to seek their removal, though not with impatience, or over great haste, upon the first approaches of them, where delay does not threaten some irreparable harm.