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Jung and freuds theory of the unconscious essay

Popular Blog The Jungian Model of the Psyche Few people have had as much influence on modern psychology as Carl Jung; we have Jung to thank for concepts like extroversion and introversion, archetypes, modern dream analysis, and the collective unconscious.

Psychological terms coined by Jung include the archetype, the complex, synchronicity, and it is from his work that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI was developed, a popular staple of personality tests today. Jung saw the psyche as something that could be divided into component parts with complexes and archetypal contents personified, in a metaphorical sense, and functioning rather like secondary selves that contribute to the whole.

  • It can be as well that a person the dreamer considers distant can remind him of another one who wakes in him powerful effects;
  • Conscience generally has a focal, centralised perception of the external and personal realities; it is from its nature to focus, to divide, to perceive the parts - it is related to Logos.

His concept of the psyche is broken down as follows: It is the part that links the inner and outer worlds together, forming how we relate to that which is external to us. How a person relates to the external world is, according to Jung, determined by their levels of extroversion or introversion and how they make use of the functions of thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition.

Some people have developed more of one or two of these facets than the others, which shapes how they perceive the world around them.

Psychology/ Freud And Jung's Differences And Similarities term paper 12992

The origin of the ego lies in the self archetypewhere it forms over the course of early development as the brain attempts to add meaning and value to its various experiences.

The ego is just one small portion of the self, however; Jung believed that consciousness is selective, and the ego is the part of the self that selects the most relevant information from the environment and chooses a direction to take based on it, while the rest of the information sinks into the unconscious. It may, therefore, show up later in the form of dreams or visions, thus entering into the conscious mind.

  • The Will to Power;
  • From Freud's causal point of view, together with his view of the unconscious, could not result anything different than a sexual fixed symbolism, in which any and every symbol can be viewed as phallus or vagina.

Jung also saw the unconscious as the house of potential future development, the place where as yet undeveloped elements coalesced into conscious form. Unlike Freud, Jung believed complexes could be very diverse, rather than individuals simply having a core sexual complex. Complexes often behave in a rather automatic manner, which can lead to a person feeling like the behaviour that arises from them is out of his or her control.

Complexes are strongly influenced by the collective unconsciousand as such, tend to have archetypal elements. In a healthy individual, complexes are seldom a problem, and indeed are likely key to balancing the rather one-sided views of the ego so that development can occur.

  1. He also felt that our stages of development were guided by impulses of the id; the pleasure seeking part of personality. I try to know what the unconscious is doing with the complexes...
  2. From Freud's causal point of view, together with his view of the unconscious, could not result anything different than a sexual fixed symbolism, in which any and every symbol can be viewed as phallus or vagina. Picador, Pan Books, London, 1980.
  3. So long as the sexual language of dreams is understood concretistically, there can be only a direct, outward, and concrete solution, or else nothing is done at all - one resigns oneself opportunistically to one's inveterate cowardice or laziness.
  4. It is odd, however, that Freud based so much importance in sex when his sex life was very unsatisfactory.
  5. Besides the theoretical difference concerning the unconscious, Freud and Jung differ in another important aspects.

If the person is mentally unwell, however, and unable to regulate his or herself as seen in those experiencing dissociation between these statescomplexes may become overt and more of an issue.

In these cases, the ego is damaged, and is therefore not strong enough to make use of the complexes via sound reflection, granting them a full and unruly life of their own. To treat such people, Jung looked more toward future development than simply dealing with their pasts; he tried to find what the symptoms meant and hoped to achieve, and work with them from that angle.

  • Furthermore, Jung had a healthy and satisfying sex life devoid of Freud's disappointments and frustrations;
  • In other words, through his subjective experience man gives form to the archetypal world - like a God created through man's image; the reverse side;
  • In this sense, the concepts that are located around dreams what they are and represent , the analysis techniques and related theoretical views necessary for objective understanding are discussed, in order to connect the practical and theoretical fields in a cohesive manner;
  • The concept of dream as an important tool for transformation and analysis was actually rescued and brought back by Freud, as we know.

It has been observed that these behaviours in animals are activated by environmental stimuli in the same manner that Jung felt human behaviours are brought to the fore.

This aspect of the archetype, the purely biological one, is the proper concern of scientific psychology. All of these things come together to find expression in the psyche, and are frequently reflected in our stories and myths. Jung did not rule out the spiritual, despite the biological basis he described the personality as having; he also felt there was an opposing spiritual polarity which greatly impacts the psyche.

The Self The Self, according to Jung, was the sum total of the psyche, with all its potential included. This is the part of the psyche that looks forward, that contains the drive toward fulfillment and wholeness.

In this, the Self was said to drive the process of individuation, the quest of the individual to reach his or her fullest potential. The Shadow Those traits that we dislike, or would rather ignore, come together to form what Jung called the Shadow. This part of the psyche, which is also influenced heavily by the collective unconscious, is a form of complex, and is generally the complex most accessible by the conscious mind. Without a well-developed shadow side, a person can easily become shallow and extremely preoccupied with the opinions of others, a walking Persona.

Just as conflict is necessary to advancing the plot of any good novel, light and dark are necessary to our personal growth. Jung believed that, not wanting to look at their Shadows directly, many people project them onto jung and freuds theory of the unconscious essay, meaning that the qualities we often cannot stand in others, we have in ourselves and wish to not see.

Anima and animus According to Jung, the anima and animus are the contra-sexual archetypes of the psyche, with the anima being in a man and animus in a woman. Individuation Individuation, to Jung, was the quest for wholeness that the human psyche invariably undertakes, the journey to become conscious of his or herself as a unique human being, but unique only in the same sense that we all are, not more or less so than others.

Jung did not try to run from the importance of conflict to human psychology; he saw it as inherent and necessary for growth. This symbol was seen as a product of the unconscious rather than of rational thought, and carried with it aspects of both the conscious and unconscious worlds in its work as a transformative agent. The development that springs from this transmutation, which is so essential to Jungian psychology, is the process of individuation.