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Property according to karl marx and john locke essay

Contributor Network Jul 17, 2007 "Share your voice on Yahoo! John Locke was an english philosopher who was famous for his use of empiricism and his social contract theories.

  1. This is where Locke incorporates the idea of property and labor. Thus property is the social power that shapes their lives.
  2. As mentioned above, Locke has essentially an instrumental understanding of labour.
  3. Today, we face this problem more than ever. He by his labor does, as it were, enclose it from the common.

Karl Marx was a German political thinker who was famous for his theories regarding class struggle and is well known as the father of communism. These two thinkers had many conflicting ideas and philosophies. One topic that they had divergent views on was whether private property was a natural right or not. John Locke that that private property was a natural right, and one of the most important ones at that.

One of Locke's most famous quotes is that all men have the right to "life, liberty and property. Locke believes that god gave man the earth to hold in common, but when a man adds his labor to the earth it becomes his private property. When a man plows a field than the field becomes his, as well as the fruits of that land. Whatever man adds his labor to becomes private property for their exclusive use. In Locke's eyes the main purpose of the government is too protect individuals private property.

In a state of nature there is no way for each individual to ensure that their property remains safe from every one else. Once conflict over private property starts to occur the people come together and use to their reason to draft a social contract that will protect their property.

Locke Vs. Marx: Views On Property Rights

Locke also says that before the introduction of private property men live in an egalitarian state of nature, but with the introduction of private property it caused a hierarchy to form. In his major work the Communist Manifesto he states that "the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property.

  1. He can work only with their permission, hence live only with their permission. Would you want to continue to fight for rights and have nothing, or work hard to gain and less about rights?
  2. Property Rights in the New World 1206 words - 5 pages English colonists that came to settle the New World had one conception of what property was; in their minds, property equaled money.
  3. This research paper was sold by The Paper Store, Inc. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844.
  4. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844.
  5. Marx would agree with Locke only in the sense that the surplus value resulting from gratis labor is the source of bourgeoisie private property.

Marx disagrees with John Locke's theory of property, Marx argues that workers labor doesn't grant them any property whereas the capitalist class has all the property but does no labor. In the Communist Manifesto it is argued that labor has been used throughout history to repress and exploit the working class and that the only things that change are the structures of the exploitation.

Both Locke and Marx's views of private property have been highly influential. John Locke's theories of property have been most influential to capitalist thinkers whereas Karl Marx's work have been most influential to communist and socialist thinkers and governments. The best way to study the way that these two different ideology work in application is too look at the two case studies that best exemplify the divergent theories, namely the United States and the Soviet Union.

The founders of the United States were highly influenced by the thinking of Locke when they wrote their constitution. In the Fourth amendment in the Bill of Rights it states that "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Also, obviously, it is against the law for any one to steal or hamper with anyone else's private property. John Locke would probably be happy with this system because it fulfills his government's basic purpose of protecting private property.

  • Marx viewed communism as the negation of the negation private property being the negation of human nature;
  • This is one of the major questions we still research on today to find the answers.

In 1917 a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian Czar so they could put in a Communist government in place. The person whose thinking was most influential to the revolution, and the government that they put into place, was Karl Marx. In the Soviet System all private property and means of production were, theoretically, owned by the people.

  • The labor that was mine, removing them out of that common state they were in, hath fixed my property in them;
  • He identifies in the abolition of property, rather than its protection, the necessary precondition for human emancipation;
  • Locke argues that nobody has the right Nature Vs;
  • The best way to study the way that these two different ideology work in application is too look at the two case studies that best exemplify the divergent theories, namely the United States and the Soviet Union;
  • New York; International Publishers, 1938[1875];
  • As he puts it:

How this system worked was the Communist party controlled the industry and private property in place of the people. Under this system it just perpetuated the system of the working class and the bourgeoisie, except now the bourgeoisie were the members of the Communist Party who controlled and exploited the workers who they were supposedly in league with and representing.

All in all John Locke's ideas about private property has fared better than Karl Marx's in practical application.