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The american dream in death of a salesman essay

Willy Loman — a characterization IV.

The old American Dream was about the desire of a land, where life should be better, fuller and richer for every man. The old American Dream was in the minds of the early settlers, who fled from Europe to America. They left Europe, because of the monarchy, which was still suppressing the middle classes. They wanted to leave their past behind. They were fed up with the old, obsolete system. A poem, written by Goethe emphasizes the opinions about the people's past, which was mainly determined by the monarchs.

They preferred making a new start now; looking into the future, something which is still significant for Americans today. In America, there has never been any monarchy. That is why many people dreamt of America, where everybody should be free, equal and successful. They dreamt of a perfect society, where the origins should not matter and where everybody should be able to reach whatever he wants to reach.

The opportunities should correspond to the own abilities and achievement and not to the circumstances of birth and position. In Europe, there has been a difference between people because of their social status, which cannot be gotten over.

But it was very difficult for them to start a new life. That is why it is mainly described as a dream. Money played an important role, too. Not everybody could afford leaving Europe. The American dream was also laid down in the Deceleration of Thomas Jefferson, where it is expressed, that life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are self-evident rights of the individual.

Once there, they could make a new beginning. The rank of a person should not be a barrier or influence the future of a person. A wishful thinking which stands for the motivating force of the American civilisation. The American Dream is represented principally by three characters in the play: In the days of the gold rush he leaves the family and goes to Alaska.

Willy cannot become like him because the time of the pioneers belongs to a past epoche. Ben represents rugged individualism and sudden wealth. Willy, however, is not as adventurous as Ben. Moreover, it is not certainwhether respect, and comeradeship, and gratitude page 87, line 3f.

  • Not everybody could afford leaving Europe;
  • He loves talking about big plans he will never make come true;
  • A poem, written by Goethe emphasizes the opinions about the people's past, which was mainly determined by the monarchs;
  • Biff is the character in the play most torn between what the true definition of the American Dream is;
  • He knows about his situation and about his financial dependence of himself.

The Traveling Salesman The American businessman is a character of big importance. He is a traveling salesman who visits his customers in many different cities. The job of a salesman still receives a lot of attention. The salesman is to visit each city from a given list once, and returns to the starting point. Willy Loman is one of these traveling salesmen. He has to travel around and sell things for his New York firm. He is forced to sell something to earn money.

The American businessman is typical for the realization of the American Dream. Everyone is able to become a good salesman and is able to earn as much money as he needs or as he wants to have. Willy Loman — a characterization Willy Loman is the central figure of the play. An untalanted but energetic man gripped by the American Dream.

  1. In Europe, there has been a difference between people because of their social status, which cannot be gotten over. They wanted to leave their past behind.
  2. Over the course of the play, he is presented as a complex person who hides deep insecurity beneath a great deal of bluster and drive, relying on his handsome and athletic sons to compensate for his own sense of inadequacy. Willy just feels sympathy for his wife and betrays her with another woman.
  3. Coincidently, Biff becomes the character who is most clear as to what his definition of the American Dream is. But only a few moments later, angry about the crash he shouts.
  4. Willy Loman is one of these traveling salesmen.
  5. Willy is longing for recognition. He betrays himself permanently.

He commits suicide in the hope of earning twenty thousand dollars in life insurance money for his wife and two grown sons. Over the course of the play, he is presented as a complex person who hides deep insecurity beneath a great deal of bluster and drive, relying on his handsome and athletic sons to compensate for his own sense of inadequacy.

His willful hopefulness and exaggerated expectations betray him in the end by rendering him incapable of accepting himself or his children for who they are.

In the beginning Willy Loman seems to be a loser throughout. That shows us his telling name, too: He is none of the successful persons he wants to be. But Willy is not only a loser. It even gets worse when he is ruthlessly sacked. He dreams of doing something very important, that the whole world will remember for a long time.

He is very afraid of being meaningless. For all his life he has dreamt the dream of big success - the American Dream. His key to success seems to be very easy: To be liked and personal contacts, he thinks, are the most important factors to become important: Willy is longing for recognition.

He loves talking about big plans he will never make come true. In Ben he finds someone to talk about his dreams. He admires him and takes his advice as very important for his life: I value your advice.

Willy is trying to peddle his sons in a pathetic archetype of the American Dream of success. Willy is lyer and betrayed in one. He is full of contradictions: But only a few moments later, angry about the crash he shouts: He betrays himself permanently. And if somebody tries to make him see this, he takes the offensive and reacts aggressively. But Willy feels that these are not the standards which society is built on.

All in all Willy has never been anything else than an average man.

  • The Traveling Salesman The American businessman is a character of big importance;
  • I value your advice;
  • They just feel indifference and estrangement for each other;
  • The American businessman is typical for the realization of the American Dream;
  • The American dream was also laid down in the Deceleration of Thomas Jefferson, where it is expressed, that life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are self-evident rights of the individual.

Not less, but nor more. There are those situations in the past and those in the present. It becomes clear that he has developed throughout his life. This becomes clear in his behaviour and his thoughts about other people: Biff — Biff and Willy feel idolatrous love for each other.

Happy — Happy and Willy feel love for each other.

Linda — Linda loves Willy unquestionedly. Willy just feels sympathy for his wife and betrays her with another woman.

The American Dream in Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman"

He lies to her about his financial situation and his job. Ben — Willy admires Ben. Charley — Willy feels contempt for Charley because of his success. The Woman — Willy betrays his wife. He has an affair with another woman. Biff — there are extreme tensions between Biff and Willy at present time.

Happy — there is almost no relation between Happy and Willy.

  • A wishful thinking which stands for the motivating force of the American civilisation;
  • A poem, written by Goethe emphasizes the opinions about the people's past, which was mainly determined by the monarchs.

They just feel indifference and estrangement for each other. Linda — Linda loves Willy unquestionedly throughout the whole play. Willy is addicted to him and always wants to know how Ben thinks about his plans. Charley — Charley fells pity for Willy.

He knows about his situation and about his financial dependence of himself. Bernard — Willy admires Bernard and his success in the business world. Bibliography - Arthur Miller: Death of a Salesman Stuttgart 2002 - Angela Einberg er: Death of a Salesman Broomall 1996 VI.