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The flaws of the french revolution history essay

At first they are moderate in scope, then they become radical to excess and finally they are brought to abrupt conclusions by the emergence of a strong man to restore order.

The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe.

FRench revolution

However, it ended supreme rule by French kings and strengthened the middle class. The revolution began with a government financial crisis but quickly became a movement of reform and violent change. In one of the early events, a crowd in Paris captured the Bastille, a royal fortress and hated symbol of oppression.

A series of elected legislatures then took control of the government.

  1. The Committee also set limits on prices and salaries. They demanded that Louis return to Paris where they could watch him.
  2. It established a new system of government called the Directory.
  3. They, like the First Estate, paid hardly any taxes. In the Convention, they were known as the mountain because they sat on the high benches at the rear of the hall during meetings.

Thousands of others met the same fate in a period known as the Reign of Terror. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte, a French general, took over the government.

French Revolution Essay

At the beginning of the revolution, events seemed minor and proceeded in a logical fashion. One of the reasons the revolution originated was the discontent among the lower and middle classes in France. By law, society was divided in to three groups called estates.

The first estate was made of up clergy, nobles comprised the second and the rest of the citizens, the third estate. The third estate resented certain advantages of the first two estates. The clergy and nobles did not have to pay most taxes. Many members of the middle class were also worried by their social status.

They were among the most important people in French society but were not recognized as such because they belonged to the third estate. The States-General was made up of representatives of the three estates, and had last met in 1614.

Unwillingly, the king called the meeting. The States-General opened on May 5, 1789, at Versailles. The first two estates wanted each estate to take up matters and vote on them separately by estate. The third estate had has many representatives as the other two combined.

  • The First and Second Estates were grouped together because they had similar political beliefs;
  • They demanded that Louis return to Paris where they could watch him;
  • He defeated Egypt's army, but he had to pay for his victory.

It insisted that all the estates be merged into one national assembly and that each representative had one vote. The third estate also wanted the States-General to write a constitution. The king and the first two estates refused the demands of the third estate.

  • In 1791, the National Assembly brought forward a new const itution;
  • These costs greatly increased the national debt, which was, at the time, already too high.

In June 1789, the representatives of the third estate declared themselves the National Assembly of France. But he began to gather troops around Paris to break up the Assembly. Meanwhile, the masses of France also took action.

On July 14, 1789, a huge crowd of Parisians rushed to the Bastille. The people captured the Bastille and began to tear it down. Massive peasant uprisings were also occurring in the countryside.

The first stage had been a liberal middle-class reform movement based on a constitutional monarchy. The second stage was organized around principles of democracy.

The National Convention opened on September 21, 1792, and declared France a republic. The National Convention found him guilty of treasonand a slim majority voted for the death-penalty. The king was beheaded on the guillotine on January 21, 1793. The revolution gradually grew more radical-that is more open to extreme and violent change.

Radical leaders came into prominence. In the Convention, they were known as the mountain because they sat on the high benches at the rear of the hall during meetings. The Mountain dominated a powerful political club called the Jacobin Club. In June 1793, the Convention arrested the leading Girondists. One of these supporters assassinated Marat in July 1793.

The Convention declared a policy of terror against rebels, supporters of the king, and anyone else who publicly disagreed with official policy.

Essay: French Revolution

Courts handed down about 18,000 death sentences in what was called the Reign of Terror. Paris became accustomed to the rattle of two-wheeled carts called tumbrels as they carried people to the guillotine.

Robespierre succeeded in having Danton and other former leaders executed.

Analysis of the French Revolution

Many people in France wanted to end the Reign of Terror, the Jacobin dictatorship, and the democratic revolution. He was executed the next day. The government formed under this new constitution was called the Directory.

France was still a republic, but once again only citizens who paid a certain amount of taxes could vote. In October 1799, a number of political leaders plotted to overthrow the Directory. They needed military support and turned to Napoleon Bonaparte, a French general who had become a hero during a military campaign in Italy in 1796 and 1797. Bonaparte seized control of the government on November 9, 1799, ending the revolution. Napoleon would restore order to the French people with such great achievements as his Code Napoleon.