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The history of the ottoman empire essay

Constantinople was in the middle of the black and Mediterranean Sea so they were able to control the trade routes and especially the Silk Road. By the 16th century, the lands under Ottoman rule stretched from central Europe to the deserts of the Arabia.

  1. The Sultan invested wealth and leaders protect it while the rayyah had to pay part of their profits from industry in form of taxes. In the golden age of the Ottoman Empire, the empire controlled various parts of Europe combined with Asia with a strong government and administration.
  2. The economic power of the Ottoman Empire reached its peak during the golden age.
  3. Under the Sultan were the wealthy leaders that defended the empire. Science and technology emerged in the Ottoman Empire due to the establishment of educational institution by Mehmet II.
  4. Religion was considered as the most important element of personal identification.
  5. They accepted other religions and gave them the freedom to run their own communities. The Ottomans collected different ideas from other countries and made them into one magnificent piece which is why architecture was a major aspect of Ottoman culture.

Moreover, the Ottoman culture was influenced by the traditions of the land they conquered. There were many factors that led the Ottoman Empire to great success.

Fall of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman social class had the commander on top sultan and the slaves on the bottom rayyah but however, your social level could change anytime.

The Sultan dealt with the decision of politics and state wealth. Under the Sultan were the wealthy leaders that defended the empire.

  1. The Ottoman Empire enforced the practice of Islam and an extra tax was paid to be a non-Muslim in return for tolerance of religious practice and protection of the Islam state.
  2. The purpose of this might have been because of their desire to conquer more land by learning about their developments. The decline of the empire also made other countries enforce power and exempt its citizens to ottoman law, which were called capitulations.
  3. By the 16th century, the lands under Ottoman rule stretched from central Europe to the deserts of the Arabia.
  4. Scholars started to work ranging from metaphysics to mathematics to surgery. Istanbul and other big cities were made very important due to trade, and the trade mostly involved luxury goods, and traders from different areas came together to trade in goods from all over the world.

The Sultan invested wealth and leaders protect it while the rayyah had to pay part of their profits from industry in form of taxes.

Anyone could raise his or her social level by being loyal to the Sultan, practicing the Islam religion and following the Ottoman traditions. If a rayyah possessed all these qualities, he could become one of the wealthy leaders but if a leader is lacking one or more of these qualities, he will be removed from his position and become a rayyah again.

The Ottoman Empire enforced the practice of Islam and an extra tax was paid to be a non-Muslim in return for tolerance of religious practice and protection of the Islam state. Religion was considered as the most important element of personal identification. The architecture of the Ottoman Empire was influenced by the Arab world and also European traditions.

The Orthodox catholic structures in the Byzantine Empire were very similar to the Ottoman structures. The Ottomans collected different ideas from other countries and made them into one magnificent piece which is why architecture was a major aspect of Ottoman culture. Another main advancement in the Ottoman Empire was in technology. Science and technology emerged in the Ottoman Empire due to the establishment of educational institution by Mehmet II.

Scholars started to work ranging from metaphysics to mathematics the history of the ottoman empire essay surgery. By the 16th century, cartographers of the Ottoman Empire made great development in map-making.

Other geographical works included navigation, nautical astronomy and lastly the invention of the mechanical astronomical clock was made during this period Writing was really important to the Ottoman Empire and they managed to build a large collection of libraries.

Mehmet II ordered a Greek scholar to translate and make available to the Ottoman educational institutions the geography book of Claudius Ptolemy who was a famous mathematician, geographer and astronomer. The purpose of this might have been because of their desire to conquer more land by learning about their developments.

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During that period, mathematicians emerge and the Piri Reis map was discovered in in Topkapi Palace, Istanbul. The Ottoman Empire had an excellent strategy during their time period. They made sure that everyone had equal rights and the rules applied to everyone. They accepted other religions and gave them the freedom to run their own communities. With their powerful leaders, they were able to control lands and developed their own lifestyle and culture based on the areas they conquered.

They had new advancements in science, technology and got into new ideas brought in from other places.