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The international library of essays in public and professional ethics

However, because of information explosion, it is very difficult for LIS professionals to provide pinpointed, exhaustive and expeditious information to the users. Further, information seeking behavior of users is also fluctuating and thus making the job of LIS professionals more complicated. Information and communication technology has penetrated in every sphere of the library landscape and has even empowered users of the libraries to make both legal as well as illegal use of information.

LIS professionals have concern for intellectual property right. All these developments demand that LIS professionals must be equipped with professional ethics so that while taking any decision regarding any issue in the library, they will take the right approach. Thus there is need for inculcating ethical values among the LIS professionals particularly in the present digital information landscape.

Developing these ethical values in LIS professionals can be done in a number of ways like through organizing conferences, delivering lectures etc however; LIS professionals can play a pivotal role in this direction. Present paper highlights the ethics and ethical principles for library and information science professionals. They are much more than storehouses for books, and include many other forms of data.

Social work ethics

The knowledge or information available in libraries must be accessible to all people. Retrieval of particular types of information requires specialized knowledge and database searches that are beyond the capabilities of many users, and particularly of undergraduates starting their university careers. LIS professionals need to share that knowledge or information with users, instructing them on how to use electronic or digital information resources and the Internet so they can do research on their own, while pointing out the limits and problems associated with electronic research.

Libraries from time immemorial are serving the societies by collecting, organizing, preserving and disseminating information available in multiple formats. LIS profession is a service oriented profession with a mission and the mission is to fulfill the information needs of the people.

Libraries comprise of three elements viz. LIS Librarian professionals are acting as a link between the library patrons and information sources. In order to make libraries as vibrant institutions library staff has to perform their professional obligations in a right manner so that mission of libraries is achieved without any hindrance.

This obligation of LIS to perform in a right manner has given rise to the concept of professional ethics in LIS profession. Let us first discuss the meaning of ethics, professional ethics and then ethical issues in LIS profession. Different authors and researchers have defined the term ethics differently. Ethics has been gaining attention of academicians and researchers around the globe.

Since ethics has application in all fields and thus, LIS professionals are also required to abide by ethics as well. The library professions are required to perform their duties in an ethical manner. For this, even many organizations of LIS professionals have adopted codes of professional ethics.

Such codes of professional ethics provide LIS professionals with guiding principles and norms to face ethical dilemmas or obtaining solutions to various problems. Ethical and professional Codes and principles are not meant to replace law or morality but to serve as guidelines for professional conduct.

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According to Finks 1991professional ethical codes, values or principles should define the limits of acceptable conduct and give guidance to what kind of actions are regarded as right or wrong in the occupation.

The American Library Association Code of Ethics provides broad statements that guide ethical decision making and serve as framework for the profession. Professional ethics encompass the personal, organizational and corporate standards of behavior expected of professionals. Professionals and those working in acknowledged professions, exercise specialist knowledge and skill.

How the use of this knowledge should be governed when providing a service to the public can be considered a moral issue and is termed professional ethics. Professional Ethics is professionally accepted standards of personal and business behavior, values and guiding principles. Codes of professional ethics are often established by professional organizations to help guide members in performing their job function according to sound and consisted ethical principles. Professional ethics is the ethical norms, values and principle that guide a profession and ethics of decisions made within the profession.

As we know that library and information science is an intellectual profession. Intelligence and knowledge will be sharpened with hard work and strenuous efforts.

Social work ethics

Thus, professionals must keep service-orientation in their professional work but for this high principle conduct should be framed to guide them. A code of ethic is essential to library professionals which lead to the profession to the excellence. The main object of the code of conduct is to guide LIS professionals in maintaining standards of ethical behavior in his relationship with users, profession, colleagues, society, information resources and oneself. It also helps to build a strong moral and ethical foundation of the LIS profession in the information society.

The LIS professionals have eight categories of moral responsibilities. A code of ethics provides a guide of dealing with ethical situations which arises in the course of the job.

There are many ethical issues that LIS professionals must deal with when providing information services in libraries. The basic goal of LIS professionals has always been to provide access to information to those who need it but ethical question arise concerned to that. He also explains that core issue of information ethics includes intellectual freedom, equitable access to information, information privacy, and intellectual property. Froehlich 1997 has proposed three main areas of focus, namely information production copyright, moral rights, fair use, public lending rights, and related issues ; information collection issues of quality control and censorship ; and information retrieval and dissemination access, privacy and confidentiality.

LIS Professionals offer high quality services to all users. Personal data will be saved only to ensure service delivery and only within the legal framework.

Library Professionals will share personal the international library of essays in public and professional ethics with other institutions only as required by law. We reject censorship of content. Library reference services and professional competence guarantee access to all information resources. The function of codes of ethics can be described. Librarians and other information workers reject the denial and restriction of access to information and ideas most particularly through censorship whether by states, governments, or religious or civil society institutions.

Librarians and other information workers offering services to the public should make every endeavour to offer access to their collections and services free of cost to the user. If membership fees and administrative charges are inevitable, they should be kept as low as possible and practical solutions found so that socially disadvantaged people are not excluded.

Librarians and other information workers promote and publicize their collection and services so that users and prospective users are aware of their existence and availability. Librarians and other information workers use the most effective ways to make the material accessible to all.

For this purpose they seek to ensure that the websites of libraries and other information institutions comply with international standards for accessibility and access to them is not subject to barriers. Librarians and other information workers respect language minorities of a country and their right to access information in their own language.

Librarians and other information workers help and support users in their information searching. Librarians and other information workers offer services to increase reading skills.

  1. Personal data will be saved only to ensure service delivery and only within the legal framework. Computer Ethics The International Library of Essays in by John Weckert By John Weckert The learn of the moral concerns with regards to desktop use constructed essentially within the Nineteen Eighties, even supposing a couple of vital papers have been released in prior many years, a lot of that are contained during this quantity.
  2. LIS professionals need to share that knowledge or information with users, instructing them on how to use electronic or digital information resources and the Internet so they can do research on their own, while pointing out the limits and problems associated with electronic research.
  3. For this, even many organizations of LIS professionals have adopted codes of professional ethics. Libraries comprise of three elements viz.
  4. Librarians and other information workers aim to provide fair, swift, economical and effective access to information for users. This obligation of LIS to perform in a right manner has given rise to the concept of professional ethics in LIS profession.

They promote information literacy including the ability to identify, locate, evaluate, organize and create, use and communicate information. And they promote the ethical use of information thereby helping to eliminate plagiarism and other forms of misuse of information. Librarians and other information workers respect the protection of minors while ensuring this does not impact on the information rights of adults.

The relationship between the library and the user is one of confidentiality and librarians and other information workers will take appropriate measures to ensure that user data is not shared beyond the original transaction. Librarians and other information workers support and participate in transparency so that the workings of government, administration and business are opened to the scrutiny of the general public. This includes support for the principles of open access, open source, and open licenses.

Librarians and other information workers aim to provide fair, swift, economical and effective access to information for users.

Librarians and other information workers have a professional duty to advocate for exceptions and limitations to copyright restrictions for libraries. Librarians and other information workers are partners of authors, publishers and other creators of copyright protected works. Librarians and other information workers recognize the intellectual property right of authors and other creators and will seek to ensure that their rights are respected.

Librarians and other information workers negotiate the most favorable terms for access to works on behalf of their users and seek to ensure that access is not unnecessarily prevented or hindered by the mode of administration of intellectual property laws and that licenses do not override exceptions for libraries contained in national legislation.

Librarians and other information workers encourage governments to establish an intellectual property regime that appropriately respects balance between the interests of rights holders and individuals and the institutions such as libraries which serve them. Librarians and other information workers also advocate that copyright terms should be limited and that information that has fallen in the public domain remains public and free.

Neutrality results in the most balanced collection and the most balanced access to information achievable.

Associate Professor Justin Oakley

Librarians and other information workers define and publish their policies for selection, organization, preservation, provision, and dissemination of information. Librarians and other information workers distinguish between their personal convictions and professional duties. They do not advance private interests or personal beliefs at the expense of neutrality. Librarians and other information workers have the right to free speech in the workplace provided it does not infringe the principle of neutrality towards users.

Librarians and other information workers counter corruption directly affecting librarianship, as in the sourcing and supply of library materials, appointments to library posts and administration of library contracts and finances. Librarians and other information workers strive for excellence in the profession by maintaining and enhancing their knowledge and skills. They aim at the highest standards of service quality and thus promote the positive reputation of the profession.

Librarians and other information workers oppose discrimination in any aspect of employment because of age, citizenship, political belief, physical or mental ability, gender, marital status, origin, race, religion or sexual orientation. Librarians and other information workers promote equal payment and benefits for men and women holding comparable jobs. They contribute to the activities of their professional association and participate in research and publication on professional matters.

Librarians and other information workers strive to earn a reputation and status based on their professionalism and ethical behavior. They do not compete with colleagues by the use of unfair methods.

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LIS professionals play an extremely vital role as participants in the information society, given that their mission includes gathering, processing, distributing and using information. Only the LIS professionals have an efficiency and skill to pull out a drop of information from the vast ocean of knowledge. As we know that, if we write a single word in search engine of internet, it results into list of large number of websites related to that word. All such websites are not authentic and providing qualitative, appropriate and valuable information.

LIS professionals have a knowledge, training and expertise to find out and disseminate accurate information to users from those resources in appropriate time. LIS professionals face many critical situations at the time of providing information services to users.

At that time they must rely on their professional standards and value of the institute. LIS professionals have to make efforts to raise the social prestige of the profession and recognition of its prospective role in the information era by promoting and following norms and standards of code of ethics.