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The lack of privacy in the workplace essay

Introduction With the modern technology evolution, employee monitoring has become a controversial in the world in last era. After this development, it has changed the traditional way of the work and the way of the employee management. Misusing of Company property, low productivity, attacks, robberies, violence, workplace mishaps are the main reasons for this Monitoring case. According to this, the increased risks and enhanced tools have caused in increased use of surveillance and monitoring and an increase in the pressure between the employee privacy and management rights of the employers.

Every employer of a company or an organization monitors the activities and behavior of their employees in their workplace. And every employee should accept this monitoring case about Professional, Ethical and Privacy issues in their workplace.

  • Astonishingly, 12 percent admitted spending one to two hours and 13 percent admitted spending more than two hours each workday surfing Internet sites unrelated to their jobs;
  • Workplace Liability and Investigations Potential legal liability resulting from employee computer misuse or misconduct is often a motive for employee monitoring;
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The privacy of the employee has become a debatable issue of Human Resource management field as the employer has more technologies. Computer terminals, GPS tracking, voice mail and monitor telephones are some of the available technologies. In Office of Technology Assessment,p. Through the use of this employee monitoring technologies, the company management is able to know whether their employees are given their work hours for the company or whether they are doing something else.

This technology includes the use of software that will allow the employers to know the websites being accessed by the employee too. And it may include use of the cameras also.

So the employer may be able to observe the every activity of their employees. Mostly, the employees dislike to be monitoring and consider this as a hateful act that they even consider as a violation of their most precious rights and liberties.

They feel it like less freedom at the workplace and the employers are involving their lives much more it is violates their right to privacy. However, employee monitoring in workplace is not simply a restriction of the liberties and rights of the employees.

  • An employer should monitor the activities of his employees that practicality demands;
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But its purpose is to ensure that the interest of the employer is protected against any and all behaviors of the employee during their work hours. Cause they have a right to know it. Privacy at the workplace Privacy, yes it is very important to every human being.

Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. According to the requirements of the employers are develops their policies for employees. It is always depends on their requirements of their business, Information type and Communication methods etc.

Those privacy issues are highly giving complete exactitude than other things where the core operations of the business are directly related to the personal information of employees and customers. In the workplace, implemented the uses of Communication and Information technologies and privacy issues and in practice are organizational oriented and highly restricted that tightened the employees to use all the resources only for official use.

To make those privacy issues in practical, there are highly dedicated server in place that strictly keep monitors each and every activity that does on the lack of privacy in the workplace essay workplaces, that server has the highly dedicated and updated firewall that only give access to those websites and applications that are approved by the information security personnel.

So they are not able to use public emails and internet for personal use such as social networks; Facebook, twitter. Reasons for Monitoring and Surveillance a. Employee or Customer Safety Increasingly, attacks, robberies, violence, workplace mishaps, other workplace safety issues, and associated liabilities and damages provide motivation for employers to monitor the workplace.

Such systems can identify emergencies and guide response teams through a step-by-step emergency response. Deterrence, responsiveness and enhancing the ability to investigate are common objectives for use of monitoring measures. Workplace Liability and Investigations Potential legal liability resulting from employee computer misuse or misconduct is often a motive for employee monitoring.

Incidents of harassment, safety and theft may trigger an investigation into such misconduct that may use monitoring or surveillance. Racial and sexual harassment claims arising from racist or pornographic Web browsing or e-mails is not an uncommon occurrence. One law journal paper cited the following high-profile cases.

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The New York Times dismissed 22 people at a pension office in Virginia, for passing around potentially offensive e-mails, including some that allegedly included sex jokes and pornographic images. Dow Chemical Company dismissed 50 employees and disciplined others for abuse of e-mail at one of its Michigan plants, which included off-color jokes, pictures of naked women, depiction of sex acts and violent images.

  • Workplace Liability and Investigations Potential legal liability resulting from employee computer misuse or misconduct is often a motive for employee monitoring;
  • These specify that personal data must be;
  • But despite the general prohibitions of the ECPA, employers may generally monitor email and internet usage if the employee has consented to the monitoring;
  • Mostly, employees are using company telephone for make their personal calls;
  • But despite the general prohibitions of the ECPA, employers may generally monitor email and internet usage if the employee has consented to the monitoring;
  • In this system Messages have sent, to where, the time and date, subject, content and everything can monitor by the employer.

Months later, Dow dismissed 24 workers and disciplined an additional employees for the same misconduct at one of its Texas plants. Network and Systems Performance Network performance is an important issue for businesses as a downed system can cost hours in lost productivity across the workforce, loss customers and revenue, and untold damage to reputation.

Efficiency of the computer network is also an important factor in business productivity and performance. A major concern for employers is network bandwidth traffic, including slowdowns related to employees downloading, sharing and using large audio and video files, Internet surfing and high volumes of personal e-mail.

These activities can also introduce viruses that may attack and disable a network.

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Employee Productivity As companies invest heavily in sophisticated PDAs, computers and software for employees, concerns over employee use of employer computer resources is a major motivation for employee monitoring.

Inthe Angus Reid Group reported that Canadian employees spent about million work hours each year on personal Internet use. The survey found that Canadian employees with Internet access at work averaged eight hours online per week, of which at least two hours were for personal reasons. Another survey has claimed that 25 percent of employees admitted spending 10 to 30 minutes each workday surfing non-related work sites.

A further 22 percent admitted spending 30 to 60 minutes each workday surfing nonrelated work sites. Astonishingly, 12 percent admitted spending one to two hours and 13 percent admitted spending more than two hours each workday surfing Internet sites unrelated to their jobs. Each of the above concerns can form a legitimate basis to monitor employees.

Weighed against these concerns, however, are the privacy rights an employee may have. Employee monitoring Employee monitoring has become a major part to the employees in these days. In every workplace every employer should develop their company, gain their targets, profits through their way to success is must.

So they should know whether their employees are working or not in their working hours. Employers are wishing to monitor the behaviors of the employees, performances, actually are they working, personal activities and restroom break etc.

Electronic monitoring is intrinsically no more invasive than traditional supervision. It is although never in origin. On occasion, managers inform their staff that they are being monitored.

Employers use many methods to monitor their employees; Video surveillance, Computer monitoring, Spying, Investigators, Eavesdropping, Undercover operatives, Wiretapping, E- mail and Active badge systems are some of them. These cameras are placed in open and noticeable areas, while others may be installed secretly hidden. Mostly, employers are use tiny fish eye cameras because they will unnoticed after few days of the installation so employees are monitored by secretly, they do not know that they are present.

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But they provide very important surveillance information for the employers about their employees. Computer monitoring Computer monitoring is a system that monitors every work is gain with the computer by the employees. This system allows management of the company to keep records of every employee performances, professional behaviors, aids in the appraisal review process and provides the information requirements to implement standards for performances of employees.

Not only do this system allows employers to keep closer tabs on employees they also give employees access to information about their own performance, which they can then use to improve. Spying Spying is the next type of employee monitoring.

This done when management or someone assigned by the management secretly observes other employees. Usually, other employees under investigation do not know what is going on. Eavesdropping and wiretapping Employers use eavesdropping and wiretapping as a common method in workplaces. Mostly, employees are using company telephone for make their personal calls. In this act employers may monitor calls with clients or customers for reasons of quality control.

Employee, who answer telephone calls, all day are monitored in detail, which the exact number and duration of each call, and the idle time between calls, can go into an automatic log for analysis. Employers may also use the monitoring of calls with clients to improve quality. The results of this method may assist employers and employees to serve customers better by determining when an employee needs additional training.

It may also detect if any employee is giving critical information about the company to outsiders. Undercover operatives In a workplace the communication, understanding and trustworthy between employer and employee is must.

So employer should know about their employees, to gather information of the employees, they are using undercover operatives. But in the workplace which uses an email system, is not private, when the employees are using the mail system employer allowed to review all the activities.

In this system Messages have sent, to where, the time and date, subject, content and everything can monitor by the employer. This includes web-based email accounts such as Gmail and Yahoo as well as instant messages. The same holds true for voice mail systems. In general, employees should not assume that these activities are not being monitored and are private. E-mail systems retain messages in memory even after they have been deleted.

If employee have deleted them from the terminal, but they are still in the the lack of privacy in the workplace essay. Even in this situation, however, there may be exceptions. Active badge systems Active badges are given to the employees from their workplace that is a credit card sized badge that an employee wears on the outside of his or her clothing so movement can be monitored in a building using his or her unique ID.

This badge is made with a small transmitting device and operating by a small lithium battery. This transmitting device sensor distributes the workplace, the lack of privacy in the workplace essay up the signals from them and receives via a small network to located server. This server converts the transmitting signals to information that can access through the LAN. Infrared sensors need to be placed in every room and corridor to track active badges as they move through a building.

So employers can monitor their employees are available in the workplace or not. Through this system reduces telephone traffic, saves time, wasted journeys and saves cost of phone calls. Social media monitoring Many employers have social media policies that limit what employees can and cannot post on social networking sites about their employer. A website called Compliance Building has a database of social media policies for hundreds of companies.

Employees should ask their supervisor or HR department what the policy is for their employer. Ethical analyzing When considering this workplace monitoring in ethically, we should discuss is this monitoring case good or bad?

By the help of the ethical principles and theories analyze this. According to the 1st expression, computer monitoring is unethical because if monitoring employees were ethical, then the proposed universal rule would be: According to the 2nd expression, computer monitoring is wrong because employers are monitoring their subordinates as a means to earning a higher profit not as ends in themselves.

But as a workplace employer should keep some regulations and privacy policies to maintain their company. An employer should monitor the activities of his employees that practicality demands.

  1. So employers can implement privacy concerns and legislations about this issue and furthermore, the employer has the right to install monitoring and filtering software to block out or limit access to specific websites.
  2. When we are talking about the legal issues of workplace privacy, there are three main legislations. Processed fairly and lawfully.
  3. Employees might also think that management just focus on the revenue generation than to provide proper relaxation that is inevitable for mental health and that mental health is the catalyst for quality production. But they provide very important surveillance information for the employers about their employees.
  4. So the employee feels less freedom at the workplace. Astonishingly, 12 percent admitted spending one to two hours and 13 percent admitted spending more than two hours each workday surfing Internet sites unrelated to their jobs.