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Was the industrial revolution good or bad essay

Example essay writing, topic: It is not recommended to submit free essays or any of their parts for credit at your school as these are easily detected by plagiarism checkers. There is much controversy as to whether the changes were for better or for worse and to whether the Industrial Revolution was a good thing or a bad thing. They say that Britain was made a great, rich and powerful country. Others disagree and say that it was a bad thing and that during the Industrial Revolution there were terrible working and living conditions and many people suffered because of the changes that took place.

They also say that it caused a lot of pollution and that it changed many peoples lifestyles for the worse. In this essay I will investigate the bad and then the good things that happened to peoples lives in Britain between 1750 and 1900 and then make up my own mind as to whether the Industrial Revolution was a good thing or not.

In the early 1700 s a lot of people worked on the land.

Was the Industrial Revolution a good thing or a bad thing for the people of Britain?

Nearly all of the people that didnt work on the farms worked in their homes, spinning or weaving. Most families spun and wove in the same room as they did all of their domestic chores. This room was usually quite full, with the children, adults and even the elderly all helping to produce wool and cloth.

This was a good idea, because the less capable members of the family could get help if they needed it and the parents could look after the young children.

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This was also a good idea because the family could choose whichever hours they wanted to work and they could also choose how much leisure time they had, according to how much work there was to be done and when they wanted their free time. A good thing about the Domestic System was that they could keep all of the profits for themselves because they sold their products at the nearest market town. They were self-employed, so there was no middleman taking the profits away from them, unlike in the factories and mills.

All of these facts about the textile industry and the Domestic System before the Industrial Revolution make the Industrial Revolution a bad thing because the Domestic System had a lot of benefits.

It seemed good compared to the situation after the change in the textile industry. During the Industrial Revolution new methods of spinning and weaving were introduced, which couldnt be done in the home because the machinery, including the Water Frame, invented in 1769 by Richard Arkwright, was too large to be used in the home. Mills, built by fast flowing rivers, were used to do spinning.

Lots of jobs had to move to huge factories that were built especially. At the factories and mills parents couldnt supervise their children whilst they were working. The employers made children undertake many dangerous tasks for very low wages. In some mines children, women and men all did the same type of work for the same length of time.

Women earned just half the amount that men did and children were only paid a third of what men were paid. Children were exploited and forced to was the industrial revolution good or bad essay in dreadful conditions.

They were beaten when they didnt do their work. Most children became very tired and were frequently found asleep on the mill floors. This was not surprising when children as young as 6 or 7 were working 14 hour days, with no substantial breaks for meals, some with only half an hour in the middle of the day to sit down, eat and rest. Even heavily pregnant women and women who had just had children were known to be working in the mills and mines.

There is evidence in reports from the mid 1800 s, including one in 1843 which said that young children working in the cotton mills and factories were beaten cruelly for making minor errors. They were said to be beaten with whatever tools their boss could find, including hammers, sticks with leather attached to them, whips, straps and files.

Some children were also punched and kicked. At most work places there was hardly any safety precautions taken at all. There were no protective guards on the machines and most workers wore bare feet. A lot of the workers were in constant danger whilst doing their jobs.

Young and small children were forced to put their lives at risk by picking up cotton from underneath deadly machinery that was still in motion. Also at the mills, older children that were too big to crawl under the machines had to pull heavy baskets all day long.

The tired children and adults that worked all day long at tip punching machines were in constant danger of their fingers was the industrial revolution good or bad essay hands being punched off, some childrens arms were even broken. Another very dangerous process was fork grinding.

Pictures that were drawn in the 1860 s show that fork grinders had hardly any safety equipment at all. Not many fork grinders had safety goggles or masks to protect them from the dangerous flying sparks and metal dust. There was a survey published in the Medical Times, 1843. It stated that 855 out of every 1000 fork grinders between the ages of 20 and 40 died, whilst the national average was only 296.

This showed that this job was very bad for the workers health. Some other health risks in the cotton mills were the loud monotonous noise from the machines which was terrible and also deafening and there was an awful smell that made some of the workers sick. The dust that flew about was also very dangerous. It made the children cough very badly. Some of the workers died, just because of the cough.

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The working conditions were generally very poor during the Industrial Revolution, a lot worse than the safer and more relaxed working conditions before 1750 in the Domestic System. The Domestic System gave people more free time to enjoy themselves and work together in close and friendly communities and in harmony with nature, instead of with was the industrial revolution good or bad essay strangers and cruel employers who were obsessed with time and profit and exploited their workers, especially the women and young children which is what happened in the mills, mines and factories.

There was an organisation called the Ten Hours Movement, which claimed to want shorter days for the children although only the leaders of this organisation cared about the children. Most just wanted shorter days for themselves. There were Acts that were supposed to improve working conditions, because employers found ways around them and children were forced to lie about their age. Also if the working hours were shortened then the workers wouldnt get paid as much and would need to do more hours because they needed the money.

Parliament was not a lot of help because they didnt have enough inspectors to inspect every single workshop thoroughly, if at all. The worst evils of child labour ended when parents began to earn reasonable wages for themselves, so they had no reasons to send their children to work as well.

The transport was basic in 1750, but at least no pollution was caused unlike during and after the Industrial Revolution. Pollution from transport and factories is still a problem today. Another bad point about the Industrial Revolution is that the living conditions also got worse after 1750. As many peoples jobs moved into the towns and cities the people also ended up moving house with their jobs.

The houses were built very closely together in narrow streets. Lots of them were terraced houses. Pictures that were drawn at the time show terribly overcrowded conditions in houses and streets. The was the industrial revolution good or bad essay were built very closely together.

People bought, for example, an acre of land and then built and sold as many houses as they could on the land with no reference to drainage or anything. Nobody could do anything about it. Most of the houses didnt have a water supply. Some people went down to the nearest river to collect their water, although this wasnt sufficient for drinking or washing.

In some towns the water was turned on for a certain amount of time each day, in Liverpool it was turned on for four hours. The poor had to tap for it, although they could only fetch as much as their pans could carry. Another bad thing was that there were no proper refuse collections. Rubbish was thrown into the middle of the narrow streets along with sewage and all sorts of refuse. Some of the sewage in towns such as London went down gutters into the rivers, along with dead bodies of animals and humans which were also thrown in.

This sounds bad enough but the place where this sort of thing was thrown was very close to where people collected their water for washing and drinking. For example in London, the Battersea sewer emptied into the Thames just above the Chelsea water intake. The richer people did pay a water carrier one shilling each week, to come in his cart, bringing fresh water. The population rose very quickly. Between 1801 and 1841 the population doubled from 10. Industrial towns grew even more quickly.

Manchester population rose from 75, 000 to 450, 000.

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Many towns grew so fast that living conditions become worse. Some families lived in the cellars of houses. Some families managed to fit about 9 people in one tiny cellar, and also a couple of pigs!

The 1840 Report on the Health of Towns recorded 39, 000 people living in 8, 000 one-room cellars under houses. These statistics show that living conditions were very poor in the cities in the 1840 s. Of course not everybody lived in city slums with overcrowded conditions and poor waste disposal, although the country cottages were often cold and damp.

Many children that were born died before they grew up. Disease attacked the weakest people. That of course included the babies and young children. Cholera was the new killer disease at the time. It came into Sunderland from abroad and was spread through the water supply.

  • It is not recommended to submit free essays or any of their parts for credit at your school as these are easily detected by plagiarism checkers;
  • These terrible living conditions and polluted water supply caused disease and infections including cholera, tuberculosis and typhoid;
  • At first many children and adults died from these diseases, but in the mid-1800 s x rays, anaesthetic, antiseptics and other medicines and drugs made operations safer and less painful;
  • In 1900 this situation had improved and Britain had become far more democratic.

There were epidemics in 1832, 1838, 1848 and 1854. Thousands died from it. Seven thousand died of cholera in September 1849 in London alone! There were also many more infectious diseases including typhoid, spread by lice and tuberculosis, carried by bacteria in the air.

There were no vaccinations or cures to these new diseases, so nothing could be done but to let the children and other sufferers die. There was a lot of poverty and quite a few homeless people. There was a survey done in 1842 showing that the average age of death for a labourer in an urban area, Manchester was just 17, a lot lower than that of a labourer in a rural area, Rutland which was 35.

The average age of death for a professional working in Manchester was also 35.