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Wireless patient database updating and tracking system essay

Find articles by Nahid Tavakoli Mohammad H. Yarmohammadian Find articles by Mohammad H. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The aim of this study was to design a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran.

This applied study was conducted in two steps in 2016. First, data on disaster patient tracking systems used in selected countries were collected from library-printed and electronic references and then compared. Next, a preliminary model of disaster patient tracking system was provided using these systems and validated by Delphi technique and focus group. The data of the first step were analyzed by content analysis and those of the second step by descriptive statistics.

Analysis of the comments of key information persons in three Delphi rounds, consisting of national experts, yielded three themes, i. In Iran, there is no comprehensive process to manage the data on disaster patients. Offering a patient tracking system can be considered a humanitarian and effective measure to promote the process of identifying, caring for, evacuating, and transferring patients as well as documenting and following up their medical and location conditions from scene till completion of the treatment.

As well, even deceased people have the right to be identified. The findings indicated that a local radio network of hotspots with portable routers and General Packet Radio Service-based communication equipped with a well-operating central database works well. Materials and Methods Study design This applied and qualitative study was conducted in two steps. The data were gathered by a data extraction form whose validity had already been confirmed by three experts on wireless patient database updating and tracking system essay information management and two experts on disaster and emergency medicinehealth.

In this step, the data were analyzed by content analysis. Then, a preliminary model of patient tracking system was developed and validated using Delphi technique. Population study In the first step, the population of the study was the printed and electronic materials from library and databases, government reports and documents, websites of Ministry of Health, Red Cross, and related agencies of health disaster management in the selected countries.

The sampling was done according to nonrandom purposive type. Twenty key informants participated in the first and second Delphi rounds and 16 of them in the third round. In this step, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results The results of the first step of the study yielded the components of currently used tracking systems in the selected countries. These components were categorized into three themes, i.

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The three domains were confirmed. The only change was that data were renamed from data to content. Table 2 Open in a separate window Discussion The present study was conducted to provide a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran. The minimum dataset, other data, and secondary data were derived to be among the most important components of the model.

The minimum dataset was assigned to four categories — demographic characteristics, appearance specifications, medical information, and location information.

  • The photo detector measures the amount of red and infra-red light that is transmitted through or effected by the body part, which is partially dependent on the amount of light absorbed by the blood that perfuse the body part;
  • WBANs consist of smart miniaturized devices motes that are able to sense, process and communicate;
  • A Framework for Disaster Management;
  • Web interface is implemented using Larval PHP framework;
  • Generally, as many as twelve leads are used to monitor cardiac signals;
  • According to existing medical surveys, telemedicine has been adopted to take care of the patients with cardiac diseases, diabetes, hypotension, hypertension, hyperthermia, and hypothermia [ 4 — 8 ].

Besides that, the secondary data were assigned to this category. Reporting and information release were a concept found to be confirmed by the model in the present study. Regarding technology theme, in the present study, tagging, personal digital assistants PDAslaptops available at scene equipped with GPS and personal area network, web portal, and software capacities and capabilities were derived, which is consistent with other studies. In contrast, the other studies such as trauma patient tracking system,[ 293031 ] wireless medical system for triage of advanced aid disaster network,[ 31 ] and Efficient health information management systems using wireless communications technology to aid disaster patients[ 51 ] were emphasized on required technology capabilities, software and hardware in developing a patient tracking system for natural disaster.

Conclusion Some recommendations, guidelines, and regulations, particularly in terms of content and technology have been offered by the above-cited studies to develop a national patient and evacuees tracking system. However, the present study has elaborately addressed the main infrastructures of this system including content, function, and technology.

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Besides that, the methodology of our study was completely different from those of other studies. Conflicts of interest There are no conflicts of interest.

Also, we would like to thank the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and the Research and Technology Department of Ministry of Health for financial support of this research. A model for nationwide patient tracking. Naval Postgraduate School; 2009. Development of a simulation environment to study emergency department information technology. Use of multislice computed tomography in disaster victim identification — Advantages and limitations.

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The advanced health and disaster aid network: