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A biography of joseph banks an english explorer and botanist

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Blog Joseph Banks Sir Joseph Banks was an eminent English naturalist, explorer and botanist, noted for his promotion of natural sciences. He also remains the longest serving president of the Royal Society of London.

Sir Joseph Banks

Advertisements Early Life and Education: As a child he was very fond of fishing and other country pursuits. Joseph was educated at Harrow and then attended Eton College in 1756. He took admission in Christ Church, Oxford, in 1760. When he left the college in 1763, he had an extensive knowledge of natural history, particularly of botany. He took an eight man team and a vast amount of equipment with him including a library of over 150 books, microscopes and telescopes.

Included in the team was Dr.

Joseph Banks 1743-1820

Solander, a friend of Banks, and a naturalist and artist Sydney Parkinson. The voyage lasted three years and they visited South America including Brazil, New Zealand, Tahiti and Australia collecting and drawing botanical specimens.

By the end of the voyage Banks, Solander and two servants were he only survivors from the original nine men. In 1772 Banks and Solander also toured Iceland and collected many botanical specimens.

  • Masses of living plants, dried specimens, seeds, drawings and notes were sent to England for the King's gardens and Banks's herbarium, and it has been estimated that during George III's reign some 7000 new exotic plants were introduced into England, chiefly by Banks;
  • While on this excursion Banks had been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, the youngest so honoured;
  • Banks had decided that since 'The weather was vastly fine, like a sunshiny day in May, so that neither heat nor cold was troublesome to us' it was a perfect day for a short excursion inland.

Banks became the president of the Royal Society in 1777, where he remained until his death in 1820. He was known as a prominent endorser of travelers and scientific men.

Joseph Banks Biography and Facts

Many voyages of discovery were approved and carried out under his supervision. He was the first person to introduce the Western world to acacia, mimosa, eucalyptus and Banksia, a genus named after him.

Sir Joseph Banks (1743 - 1820)

About 80 other species of plants were also named after him. He also established the fact that marsupial mammals were more primitive than placental mammals. Joseph Banks was knighted in 1781.

Further Reading

He was made a member of the Privy Council in 1797. He was also appointed an associate of the Institute of France In 1802. Joseph Banks died in London in 1820. He was 77 years old and left no family.

  • The dogs, however, were alive but reluctant to leave their friends;
  • While at Poverty Bay, Banks was involved in some skirmishes in which some Maoris were killed;
  • It was early in January of 1769 when the Endeavour first reached Tierra del Fuego in preperation for rounding the Horn.