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A biography of maiman an american physicist

Barely visible, to the right of Barish in the greenery, is the black-draped commemorative plaque.

Theodore Harold Maiman Biography (1927-)

Lasers are ubiquitous in 21st century society, with applications in telecommunications, DVD players, checkout scanners, cutting and welding, eye surgery, tattoo removal, dentistry, and medicine, to name just a few of the markets that make up this multi-billion-dollar industry.

But it all started with one lone physicist, Theodore Maiman, who defied the doubts of skeptical colleagues to build the first working laser in 1960.

  1. Maiman's knowledge of electronics and electricity, which he acquired in his father's laboratory, was more than sufficient to repair everything brought in. In 1972, Maiman co-founded another company, Laser Video, for the development of large-screen, laser-drivencolor video display systems.
  2. He was given membership in both the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering. Lamb, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics that same year.
  3. Theodore h maiman , a physicist who built the first operational laser in the united states and promoted its many medical applications after initial public.
  4. His graduate studies were at Stanford University M. Maiman died from systemic mastocytosis on May 5, 2007.

His father was an electrical engineer and an inventor who wanted his son to be a doctor. Instead, the young Theodore parlayed his gift for mathematics — and early job experience as a radio and appliance repairman — into degrees in engineering physics from the University of Colorado. Lamb, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics that same year. He soon found work with Hughes Aircraft Company, and it was there that Maiman got caught up in the race to build the first working laser.

The theoretical underpinnings of the laser had been around for many years. Townes thought it might be possible to gain even more information by developing a device that produced light at much shorter wavelengths, extending the maser concept to the optical range.

  • Maiman name meaning love life of maiman;
  • In addition to his patent for the first working laser, Maiman authored a number of patents on masers, lasers, laser displays, optical scanning, and modulation;
  • The best way to do this, he thought, would be to use molecules to generate the desired frequencies through stimulated emission.

The best way to do this, he thought, would be to use molecules to generate the desired frequencies through stimulated emission. They received a patent for their design two years later.

That paper caused a flurry of research by other scientists vying to make this theoretical device a reality. Unveiling the commemorative plaque which reads: Maiman and co-workers constructed the world's first working laser, on May 16, 1960. Made of synthetic ruby, it was the harbinger of a technological revolution that has forever changed the world. Other scientists had dismissed ruby as a lasing medium and were focusing on gases in their experiments.

Maiman discovered errors in those calculations, and found that artificial rubies which had fewer impurities worked very well.

Thanks to the input of his assistant, Charles Asawa, he also used pulses of light to excite the atoms in the ruby lasing medium, instead of a movie projector lamp used in earlier experiments. On May 16, 1960, Maiman succeeded in producing a short burst of coherent light from his humble device — not a continuous concentrated beam of light, and far less powerful than many lasers today, but nonetheless, it was a working laser.

More importantly, it was very easy to build. But [so much] physics and thought went into it. A frustrated Maiman left Hughes and founded his own company in 1961, Korad, devoted entirely to the development and manufacture of lasers, and in 1968 he left that position to found another company, Maiman Associates.

Ultimately he held patents not just for his first laser, but also related to masers, laser displays, optical scanning and laser modulation. The question of patent rights has proven to be a fairly litigious one, most notably the case Gordon Gould, a graduate student under Townes at Columbia University in the late 1950s.

He later sued to earn patent rights based on his research notebook, which contained an entry dated and notarized in November 1957, describing his own design for a laser. Gould fought for decades, and in 1973 the U. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals ruled that the original patent awarded to Schawlow and Townes was too general, and did not supply enough information to create certain a biography of maiman an american physicist components of a working laser.

Gould was finally granted patent rights. Other types of lasers emerged over the years, such as the dye laser, the helium-neon laser, the semiconductor laser, the carbon-dioxide laser, the ion laser, the metal-vapor laser, the excimer laser, and the free-electron laser. Buckley Prize in 1966. But the one honor that eluded him was the Nobel Prize: Maiman died from systemic mastocytosis on May 5, 2007.

  • Structure of the first ruby laser by theodore maiman, hughes research laboratories;
  • The book gives you an inside account of the invention of the laser and tells the story from Ted Maiman's unique perspective;
  • When Townes proved Einstein's theories mechanically applicable to visible light, American scientists competed to produce the first working model of an optical maser;
  • Subsequently he formed Maiman Associates, a management consulting firm which provided technical and management advisory services in high technology fields;
  • Theodore h maiman is remembered as the man who created the first laser learn more at biographycom.

As for that first working laser, it is stored in a safe deposit box in a bank in downtown Vancouver, BC. The white box wrapped in bubble wrap and Styrofoam has a label scrawled on top in bright red ink: