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A discussion on descartes argument from meditation three

Study Questions for Descartes Explain the Foundationalist view of knowledge. What is the goal of the Meditations? How does Descartes propose, in the First Meditation, to accomplish this goal? Does Descartes show that all of his beliefs are false?

Why or why not? Explain the three skeptical arguments in the First Meditation. State the arguments and explain what each is supposed to show. Why does Descartes present these three arguments? What is the one belief that escapes the skepticism of the First Meditation? Does Descartes prove this belief?

Introduction to Philosophy

If not, why doesn't he? What Descartes say that he is in the Second Meditation? Explain what this thing is.

How does he arrive at this conclusion? How can Descartes claim that he is certain he has senses when he has doubted sensations already? What does Descartes deny that he is in the Second Meditation?

Explain what this is? What is the mark of truth, according to Descartes? How does he discover this mark? Explain the three sources for ideas that Descartes discusses.

Study Questions for Descartes

Of which source is Descartes' idea of God? How does Descartes use this idea to prove the existence of God?

Is this argument successful? Consider any objections that we discussed in class and discuss them. Descartes inquires about his own origins. This inquiry leads him to another proof for the existence of God. What is this proof? Why is proving the existence of God so important to Descartes' project in the Mediations? Explain the problem of evil. How is this problem connected with Descartes' project?

Explain the source of error according to Descartes. What guiding principle does Descartes believe we should live by, given that this is the source of error?

Explain why Descartes believes that God did not make it such that we never fall into error. Does Descartes believe that this means we are doomed to fall into error?

How does Descartes prove that his ideas of material objects must have some reality to them, even if they don't exist in the world?

  • The worst case scenario is the first;
  • Martha is certain that Franklin is in the den;
  • The demon hypothesis of the First Meditation implied that things might be very different to how they appear;
  • Has he contradicted himself?
  • It is clear and distinct.

State and explain Descartes' proof for the existence of God in the Fifth Meditation this proof starts with Descartes clear and distinct idea that God exists. Why can't we use this argument to prove that unicorns exist?

  1. However, the argument is not very clear, and Descartes himself takes it to be inconclusive 73.
  2. What does this mean?
  3. Why or why not? This Study Guide is made available on the assumption that fair use will be made of it.

Say how this proof would go and why it doesn't work in this case, but is supposed to in God's. Why is Descartes so sure that material bodies can exist? Explain the difference between the imagination and the intellect? Why does the presence of the imagination suggest the existence of material bodies? State and explain the argument that material bodies exist.

  • What does this reveal about the difference between claims that are certain and claims that are reasonable to believe?
  • What about ideas that appear to come from outside of me?

Does this argument show that bodies exist exactly as I perceive them? In the Sixth Meditation, Descartes says that he has a body. How does he know this?

Does this mean that his claims about what he is in the Second Meditation were wrong? Is his body essential to his existence?

  • One reason is connected with the characteristic of beliefs that they aim at truth;
  • Because Descartes thinks belief is very much like action, he sees it as a plausible description of belief as well;
  • And he concedes that certain illusions e;
  • Notice that in criticising the argument this way, we are not showing exactly what is wrong with Descartes' argument;
  • All the vivid sensations encountered by his naive self, sensations of their hardness and heat, of light, colours, smells, tastes and soundsthe blue of the sky, the rich smell of the earth, the tang of the sea 75 these sensed qualities resemble nothing in the world.

Why does a sick man still desire food and drink? Descartes seems to think that this error is different from the error discussed in the Fourth Meditation, so how is this error explained?

How does Descartes do away with the skepticism concerning the senses? Concerning the evil deceiver? Do you think these rejections are successful?