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A history and concept of valentines day

See Article History Alternative Titles: The holiday has origins in the Roman festival of Lupercaliaheld in mid-February. The festival, which celebrated the coming of springincluded fertility rites and the pairing off of women with men by lottery.

It came to be celebrated as a day of romance from about the 14th century.

History Of Valentine's day

Although there were several Christian martyrs named Valentine, the day may have taken its name from a priest who was martyred about 270 ce by the emperor Claudius II Gothicus. Other accounts hold that it was St.

The Dark Origins Of Valentine

Valentine of Ternia bishopfor whom the holiday was named, though it is possible the two saints were actually one person. Another common legend states that St. It is for this reason that his feast day is associated with love. Formal messages, or valentinesappeared in the 1500s, and by the late 1700s commercially printed cards were being used.

  • It is for this reason that his feast day is associated with love;
  • Valentine is believed to have been executed on February 14, 270 AD;
  • It came to be celebrated as a day of romance from about the 14th century.

The first commercial valentines in the United States were printed in the mid-1800s. Valentines commonly depict Cupidthe Roman god of love, along with hearts, traditionally the seat of emotion.

Valentine's Day

Because it was thought that the avian mating season begins in mid-February, birds also became a symbol of the day. Traditional gifts include candy and flowers, particularly red rosesa symbol of beauty and love.

American Valentine card, c. Displayed by permission of The Regents of the University of California. The day is popular in the United States as well as in BritainCanadaand Australiaand it is also celebrated in other countries, including ArgentinaFranceMexicoand South Korea. In the Philippinesit is the most common wedding anniversary, and mass weddings of hundreds of couples are not uncommon on that date.

What is Valentine's Day and how did it start?

The holiday has expanded to expressions of affection among relatives and friends. Many schoolchildren exchange valentines with one another on this day. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: