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A look at the cause of world war ii

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As early as 1923, in his memoir and propaganda tract "Mein Kampf" My StruggleAdolf Hitler had predicted a general European war that would result in "the extermination of the Jewish race in Germany. In the mid-1930s, he began the rearmament of Germany, secretly and in violation of the Versailles Treaty.

After signing alliances with Italy and Japan against the Soviet UnionHitler sent troops to occupy Austria in 1938 and the following year annexed Czechoslovakia. Hitler had long planned an invasion of Poland, a nation to which Great Britain and France had guaranteed military support if it was attacked by Germany.

What Were the Main Causes of World War II?

The pact with Stalin meant that Hitler would not face a war on two fronts once he invaded Poland, and would have Soviet assistance in conquering and dividing the nation itself. On September 17, Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east. Under attack from both sides, Poland fell quickly, and by early 1940 Germany and the Soviet Union had divided control over the nation, according to a secret protocol appended to the Nonaggression Pact.

In fact, the Germans broke through the line with their tanks and planes and continued to the rear, rendering it useless.

World War II

Hitler now turned his attention to Britain, which had the defensive advantage of being separated from the Continent by the English Channel. Arguments between Hitler and his commanders delayed the next German advance until October, when it was stalled by a Soviet counteroffensive and the onset of harsh winter weather.

World War II in the Pacific 1941-43 With Britain facing Germany in Europe, the United States was the only nation capable of combating Japanese aggression, which by late 1941 included an expansion of its ongoing war with China and the seizure of European colonial holdings in the Far East. On December 7, 1941, 360 Japanese aircraft attacked the major U. Germany and the other Axis Powers promptly declared war on the United States.

  • When concessions were made, he accepted them and continued to make new demands;
  • Hitler believed in a rightful expansion of the homeland of the Germanic people, and ruled Nazi Germany through a lens of anti-semitic hatred.

After a long string of Japanese victories, the U. Pacific Fleet won the Battle of Midway in June 1942, which proved to be a turning point in the war. On Guadalcanal, one of the southern Solomon Islands, the Allies also had success against Japanese forces in a series of battles from August 1942 to February 1943, helping turn the tide further in the Pacific. In mid-1943, Allied naval forces began an aggressive counterattack against Japan, involving a series of amphibious assaults on key Japanese-held islands in the Pacific.

The outbreak of war

The approach of winter, along with dwindling food and medical supplies, spelled the end for German troops there, and the last of them surrendered on January 31, 1943.

Soviet troops soon advanced into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, while Hitler gathered his forces to drive the Americans and British back from Germany in the Battle of the Bulge December 1944-January 1945the last major German offensive of the war. An intensive aerial bombardment in February 1945 preceded the Allied land invasion of Germany, and by the time Germany formally surrendered on May 8, Soviet forces had occupied much of the country.

Hitler was already dead, having committed suicide on April 30 in his Berlin bunker. Post-war Germany would be divided into four occupation zones, to be controlled by the Soviet Union, Britain, the United States and France.

  • While talking about peace, Hitler began to rearm Germany;
  • This is seen as the main point at which World War II began;
  • Because Germany had lost the war, the treaty was very harsh against Germany;
  • Anger was used by governments as a tool to control the people, who could easily be swayed by promises of jobs and a better quality of life;
  • Then Mussolini took control of Italy.

Heavy casualties sustained in the campaigns at Iwo Jima February 1945 and Okinawa April-June 1945and fears of the even costlier land invasion of Japan led Truman to authorize the use of a new and devastating weapon—the atomic bomb—on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August.

On August 10, the Japanese government issued a statement declaring they would accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration, and on September 2, U.

American Response to the Holocaust

World War II proved to be the most devastating international conflict in history, taking the lives of some 35 to 60 million people, including 6 million Jews who died at the hands of the Nazis. Millions more were injured, and still more lost their homes and property. The legacy of the war would include the spread of communism from the Soviet Union into eastern Europe as well as its eventual triumph in China, and the global shift in power from Europe to two rival superpowers—the United States and the Soviet Union—that would soon face off against each other in the Cold War.

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