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A paper on life and works of samuel de champlain

Samuel de Champlain Facts

It is known, however, that Champlain learned the ways of the sea from his uncle. Champlain's first substantial voyage, one to Spain, was with his uncle.

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This voyage led him to be on a chartered French vessel which went to the "West Indians and New Spain with the annual fleet.

The two of them, Pontgrave and Champlain, in 1603, voyaged together up the "riviere de Canada.

Occupations and Other Identifiers

Pontgrave's business was at the trading post which had been established at Tadoussac. Leaving Pontgrave to his business, Champlain explored.

He went "12 leagues" up the Saguenay; and then further up the St. Lawrence as far as Hochelaga Montreal passing on his way a place which in time he was to spend most all of his life Quebec.

Travel to the Interior

Before the summer was out, Champlain returned to Tadoussac and embarked with Pontgrave for the return trip to France.

It was during this trip to Tadoussac and beyond that Champlain was to consider the advantages of Acadia. Not much was known of the American seaboard below the eastern shores of present day Nova Scotia.

  • Lawrence seem to lead to the thicker part of the continental barrier; and to Champlain's geographical eyes the continent seem to thin out as one went south;
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It was known to slope westward and I imagine that explorers like Champlain thought that following the American coast, southwest, might lead to the great western sea and the oriental riches beyond; at least it might lead to a shorter route to the lands and seas Great Lakes of which the Indians spoke and which they said was to the west of Hochelaga. No one anticipated the eastern barrier as represented by the Alleghenies or more generally the great distances involved.

What Champlain likely concluded was that explorations in the southern parts of Acadia may lead to the discovery of a route to Asia, if not directly, then overland. Going up the St. Lawrence seem to lead to the thicker part of the continental barrier; and to Champlain's geographical eyes the continent seem to thin out as one went south.

The Explorers

Champlain came over with the de Monts expedition in 1605. A narrative of Champlain's adventures in Acadia is contained in my history of Acadia, in one of its very first chapters, " The Founding of Port Royal. By September of 1607, Champlain and his fellow colonists in Acadia, due to lack of support from their French backers, returned to France.

Lawrence, having seemingly lost his optimism in respect to the possibilities of Acadia, taking with him a number of French colonists. Thus, Champlain, in 1608, founded Quebec, a French colony which, while slow to develop, was to become the French capital in North America.

His fame lies principally due to his activities at Quebec where he laboured with the infant colony from 1608, until, on December 25th, 1635, this Father of Canada died.