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A research on the effects of the school uniform on students

Do they really improve student achievement, behavior? By Denise-Marie Ordway Decades ago, uniforms were mostly worn by students who went to private or parochial schools. But as local school boards have focused more on improving standardized test scores and campus safety, a growing number have begun requiring school uniforms — typically, a polo shirt of a particular color paired with navy or khaki pants, skirts or shorts.

Meanwhile, school administrators say uniforms help eliminate gang-related styles and logos. They also make it easier to spot a stranger on campus.

Mixed impact of school uniforms

Years ago, parents also complained that it was difficult to find uniforms, but that ceased to be an issue after large chain stores like Target and Wal-Mart began selling them. School officials do not always consult academic research before they put a plan on the table.

Reporters may also want to examine reports on uniform use from the NCES, which collects and reports data related to school uniforms, dress codes and book bags in public schools.

  • Participants consisted of 415 urban public middle school students and 83 teachers;
  • The instruments used in the study included a questionnaire on gang presence and identity, the National Association of School Principals Comprehensive Assessment of School Environments, and the Harter Self-Perception Profile for Children;
  • Check out our write-ups on how teacher salaries , school vouchers and school shootings impact learning;
  • Students in an online protest wrote;
  • In fact, middle and high school students experienced a significant increase in suspensions;
  • Although an important part of human dress for centuries, uniforms have received little attention from researchers of the clothing market.

International Journal of Educational Management, 2016. This study examines test scores and student behavior in the United States, Canada and 37 other countries to determine whether uniforms affect student discipline. The researchers found that the highest-performing students are the most disciplined.

Journal of Urban Economics, 2012, Vol. Using a unique dataset from a large urban school district in the southwest United States, we assess how uniforms affect behavior, achievement and other outcomes. Each school in the district determines adoption independently, providing variation over schools and time.

By including student and school fixed-effects we find evidence that uniform adoption improves attendance in secondary grades, while in elementary schools they generate large increases in teacher retention.

School uniforms: Do they really improve student achievement, behavior?

Journal of School Violence, 2012. Researchers asked students at an urban middle school in Nevada what they thought of having to wear uniforms. Their public school had adopted a uniform policy after staff members became frustrated with the earlier dress code policy, which resulted in girls wearing revealing clothing and boys wearing shirts with inappropriate messages and images.

The vast majority of students said they dislike uniforms, although some agreed there were benefits. Also, fewer females than males got detention for not wearing a uniform or for wearing a uniform inappropriately.

Educational Policy, 2009, Vol. Proponents argue that uniforms can make schools safer and also improve school attendance and increase student achievement. Opponents contend that uniforms have not been proven to work and may be an infringement on the freedom of speech of young people. Within an econometric framework, this study examines the effect of school uniforms on student achievement.

It tackles methodological challenges through the use of a value-added functional form and the use of multiple data sets. The results do not suggest any significant association between school uniform policies and achievement.

The Journal of Educational Research, 1998, Vol. Proponents of such reform measures emphasize the benefits of student uniforms on specific behavioral and academic outcomes.

Tenth-grade data from The National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 was used to test empirically the claims made by uniform advocates. The findings indicate that student uniforms have no direct effect on substance use, behavioral problems, or attendance.

Contrary to current discourse, the authors found a negative effect of uniforms on student academic achievement. Uniform policies may indirectly affect school environment and student outcomes by providing a visible and public symbol of commitment to school improvement and reform. The Journal of Educational Research, 2003, Vol. Rockquemore that claims that uniforms correlate negatively with academic achievement, but data presented in this article actually show positive correlation between uniforms and achievement for the total sample, and for all but 1 school sector.

Examination of structure of argument reveals that the erroneous claim results from misleading use of sector analysis.

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The two articles are contrasted in this study. The effect of new communication technology in amplifying political uses of academic research is discussed. Education and Urban Society, 2003, Vol. The instruments used in the study included a questionnaire on gang presence and identity, the National Association of School Principals Comprehensive Assessment of School Environments, and the Harter Self-Perception Profile for Children.

Participants consisted of 415 urban public middle school students and 83 teachers.

Findings indicate that, although perceptions did not vary for students across uniform policy, teachers from schools with uniform policies perceived lower levels of gang presence.

Although the effect size was small, students from schools without uniforms reported higher self-perception scores than students from schools with uniform policies. Student and teacher perceptions of school climate did not vary across uniform policy.

Although an important part of human dress for centuries, uniforms have received little attention from researchers of the clothing market. This study examines the impact of uniform purchases on household expenditures for selected nonuniform apparel subcategories based on an economic model of conditional demand.

Expenditure equations are estimated using the 1990-1991 Consumer Expenditure Survey. The results suggest that, on average, consumers do not substitute uniforms for other apparel purchases.

These results are a first step in understanding the economic effect that uniform purchases, mandated by employers, schools, or others, have on household clothing expenditures.

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